9:1 Am I not an apostle? am I not free? have I not seen Jesus Christ our Lord? are not ye my work in the Lord?

9:2 If I be not an apostle unto others, yet doubtless I am [T: am I] to you: for the seal of mine apostleship are ye in the Lord.

9:3 Mine answer [G: My defence] to them that do examine [G: examine; BT: ask] me is this,

9:4 Have we not power to eat and to drink?      qtext

9:5 [G: +Or; T: +Either] Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife [G: a wife being a sister; B: a sister a woman; T: a sister to wife], as well as other [G: the rest of the] apostles, and as the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?

9:6 Or [BT: Either] I only and Barnabas, have not we [BT omit] power to forbear working [G: not to work; BT: this to do]?

9:7 Who goeth a warfare any time at his own charges [GBT: cost]? who planteth a vineyard, and eateth not of the fruit thereof? or who feedeth a flock, and eateth not of the milk of the flock [T omits]?      qtext


(1 Cor 9:1-18) GF6: 393

(1 Cor 9:4) GFJN 207; GF3: 75, 147, 274, 366, 378

(1 Cor 9:7-19) GF5: 38f, 60

(1 Cor 9:7) GF3: 10, 147, 202, 274; MFU 56; JN2: 259, 268 (RS); HPS 73


(1 Cor 9:4)

GF3:274 (1659): And for the ministers' maintenance, the apostle said, "Have I not power to eat, and power to drink? [1 Cor 9:4]" (And Christ said, "Freely ye have received, freely give [Mat 10:8].") This ... was spoken among the saints who were a vineyard [1 Cor 9:7], and to whom spiritual things had been sown [1 Cor 9:11], and to such whose hope they were made partakers of [1 Cor 9:10]. But hirelings and those that teach for filthy lucre [Tit 1:11], "that mind earthly things" [Phil 3:19], that seek for gain from their quarter [Isa 56:11], that "bear rule by their means" [Jer 5:31], are all out from this, and ... made the earth a wilderness [Isa 14:17]. And such got not out the wheat, and ploughed but in vain, which is the ploughing of the wicked, which is sin [Prov 21:4]

(1 Cor 9:7)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:7: GF3:274 (1 Cor 9:4), JN2:268 (John 15:5), HPS 73 (1 Cor 9:10f)]

GF3:10 (Edward Burrough, 1659): And the apostles eat only of the fruit of the vineyard that they had planted, and the milk of the flock which they kept [1 Cor 9:7], by the free gift of the people, whom they had begotten to the faith; and to whom they sowed spiritual things, it was but as a small matter if they reaped their carnal things [1 Cor 9:11]; and though as a free gift they would do it, yet the apostle said he would not make the gospel of Christ chargeable [1 Th 2:9].

MFU 56 (1653): I see in the eternal light that no man that goes to the service of the Lord and so be cast into prison & be taken from his outward being & family ought not to maintain himself in prison at his own charge; it is contrary to all saints' practice in scripture, for the apostles said no man goeth a warfare at his own charge [1 Cor 9:7]. So ... they that go a warfare according to the moving of the Lord are in the Lord's work, that stand still & confess Christ come in the flesh [1 Jn 4:2]....


9:8 Say I these things as a man [G: according to man; BT: after the manner of men]? or saith not the law the same also?

9:9 For it is written in the law of Moses, Thou shalt not muzzle the mouth of the ox that treadeth out the corn. Doth God take care [T: thought] for oxen?

[1 Cor 9:9, cf Deut 25:4]

9:10 Or [GBT: Either] saith he it altogether for our sakes? For our sakes, no doubt, this [G: it] is written: that he that ploweth should plow [GBT: which eareth should ear (=plow)] in hope; and that he that thresheth in hope should be partaker of his hope.      qtext

[1 Cor 9:10, cf Sirach 6:19]

9:11 If we have sown unto you spiritual things, is it a great thing if we shall [GBT omit] reap your carnal things?      qtext


(1 Cor 9:10) GF3: 208, 382; GF7: 25 [16], 78 [65], 114 [114], 132 [135]; HPS 121 [cf Sir 6:19]

(1 Cor 9:10f) GF3: 274; GF4: 261; JN2:259f; HPS 73

(1 Cor 9:11-14) RBA 277; RBAF 219; EQ 335 (BC)

(1 Cor 9:11) GF3: 10 (EB); GF4: 41; MFU 93; JN1: 184; 211 (GF); JN3: 418; HPS 63


(1 Cor 9:10)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:10: GF7:24f (Mat 20:1-9), GF7:78 (Rev 14:14f)]

(1 Cor 9:10f)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:10f: GF3:274 (1 Cor 9:4)]

HPS 73 (7000 Handmaids of the Lord, 1659): And these that Christ sent forth, when they came back, Christ asked them, Wanted ye anything? Their answer was, they did not [Luk 22:35]; so these planted vineyards and eat the fruit, these got a flock and eat the milk [1 Cor 9:7], they lived in the gospel the power of God [Rom 1:16] and preached it, and these ... ended the tenths, and ended the law, and the commandment [Heb 7:16-18], and wrestled with that that caused the war [Eph 6:12], so trod out the corn [Deu 25:4], threshed in hope, ploughed in hope, sowed spiritual things, reaped carnal things [1 Cor 9:10f], and they that were taught in the Word communicated of those things to him that taught [Gal 6:6]; so the teacher and the taught was in the union, and they did not run unto the powers of the earth rawly for tenths....

(1 Cor 9:11)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:11: GF3:10 (1 Cor 9:7)]

JN1:184 (1653): let them who say they are ministers make proof of their ministry in power, and not in getting a few words whereby to deceive you and the people [Rom 16:18]; but let them first sow spiritual things before they reap carnal [1 Cor 9:11]; first beget a people out of the world into the Spirit and then they shall not need to contend with them about food and raiment nor sue them at the law; first plant, then eat.


9:12 If others [G: +with you]be partakers of this power over you [GB omit; BT: +wherefore], are not we rather? Nevertheless we have not used this power; but suffer all things, lest we should [G: that we should not] hinder the gospel of Christ.      qtext

9:13 Do ye not know [T: understand how] that they which minister about holy things [T: in the temple] live of the things of [GB: eat of the things; T: have their findings] of the temple? and they which wait at the altar are partakers with the altar?

9:14 Even so [G: So also] hath the Lord ordained that they which preach the gospel should live of the gospel.

9:15 But I have used none of these things: neither have I written [GT: neither wrote I; B: Nevertheless, I wrote not] these things, that it should be so done unto me: for it were better for me to die, than that any man should make my glorying void [GB: make my rejoicing vain; T: take this rejoicing from me].      qtext


(1 Cor 9:12-14) GF3: 379

(1 Cor 9:12) GFJN 207; GF3: 378; GF7: 79 [66], 169 [178]

(1 Cor 9:14) GF3: 43, 161, 220, 366, 499; JN3: 130

(1 Cor 9:14f) RBAF 220n

(1 Cor 9:15-18) RBA 280; RBAF 223; EQ 336 (BC)

(1 Cor 9:15) HPS 397 (EB)


(1 Cor 9:12-14)

GF3:379 (1659): For they would have made their gospel to stink, if they had come into all nations to preach the gospel [Mat 24:14], and then after they had preached it, if their hearers would not have given them maintenance, to have petitioned to the supreme authority of the nation, and have haled their hearers into courts, to assizes, sessions, and benches.... They would have been but deceivers, and pretenders of glad tidings, and bringers of trouble to the nation, and seekers of themselves, and for themselves. And this would not have been to do the work which the Lord Jesus Christ sent them about. They would not have been preachers of the gospel that "live of the gospel" [1 Cor 9:14], such as might use their power and would not [1 Cor 9:12].

(1 Cor 9:15)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:15: HPS 396f (Rom 15:20)]


9:16 For though I preach the gospel, I have nothing to glory [GBT: rejoice] of: for necessity is laid upon [T put unto] me; yea, [G: And; B: But; T omits] woe is [T: +it] unto me, if I preach not the gospel!      qtext

9:17 For if I do this thing [GBT: it] willingly [BT: with a good will], I have a reward: but if [GBT: +I do it] against my will, [G: +notwithstanding] a dispensation of the gospel [GB: the dispensation; T: an office] is committed unto me.

9:18 What is my reward then? Verily that, when I preach the gospel, I may make the gospel of Christ without charge [GBT: free], that I abuse [BT: misuse] not my power [GBT: mine authority] in the gospel.      qtext


(1 Cor 9:16-18) JN1: 22, 224

(1 Cor 9:16) GF3: 14 (EB), 71; IP1: 282; RBA 68; RBAF 52

(1 Cor 9:16f) JN1: 62; WTG 131 (EH)

(1 Cor 9:17) GF7: 304 [252]

(1 Cor 9:18) GF3: 86, 109, 378; GF4: 24, 328; GF5: 181; GF6: 101, 477; GF7: 156 [168], 241 [228]; GF8: 21 [275], 30 [281], 33 [284], 213 [375]; JN3: 131, 418; EQ 113 (JN); HPS 86 [may be confl w Mk 16:15]


(1 Cor 9:16f)

JN1:62 (1653): And this know, that no prophecy of old came by the will of man [2 Pet 1:21], but against the wills of all men in the world, both he that was sent and they to whom he was sent. But who hath resisted his will [Rom 9:19]? For there is a necessity laid upon such as are sent by him, and woe to them if the go not [mar: 1 Cor 9:16f]. And they who are thus sent are no hirelings, neither do they come with "What will you give me?" but they must witness forth freely what Christ has revealed in them though they suffer for it.

WTG 131 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1744): in great awfulness I gave up ... and found great peace in so doing such as is not easily described of which may justly say with the Queen of the South that the one half was not told me [1 Ki 10:7] of the rich reward of obedience, in which undertaking may say with the apostle of Christ that a Dispensation of the Gospel was committed to me and woe was unto me if I preached it not [1 Cor 9:16f].

(1 Cor 9:18)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:18: GF6:477 (Luk 5:1-7), JN3:130f (Rom 10:20)]

GF8:30 (1670): Let that be mortified that would get up to grieve or quench the spirit [Eph 4:10, 1 Th 5:19], for that will corrupt your reason, understanding, and knowledge; and that which gives you to know God and Christ, that is life eternal [John 17:3]. And all have a care that you do not abuse the power [1 Cor 9:18], nor crucify to yourselves the seed afresh [Heb 6:6], but let that be crucified by the seed; in which seed you have life eternal.

HPS 86 (7000 Handmaids of the Lord, 1659): if you do approve your power and not abuse it [1 Cor 9:18], you will remove the grievance off you and the nation, which if you do not, God will overturn you by it [Ezek 21:27]; and if you will set up a ministry, and own a ministry, let them be such as weilol keep the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ, the second priesthood [Heb 7], without charge [1 Cor 9:18]....


9:19 For though I be free from all men, yet have I made myself servant unto all [GBT: +men], that I might gain [GBT: win] the more.      qtext

9:20 And unto the Jews I became [GB: become] as a Jew, that I might [G: that I may; T: to] gain [GBT: win] the Jews; to them that are [T were] under the law, [B: +I become; T: +was I made] as [GBT: though I were (T: had been)] under the law, that I might [G: that I may; T: to] gain [GBT: win] them that are [T: were] under the law;

9:21 To them that are without law, [B: become I; T: became I] as [GBT: though I were (T: had been] without law, (being [GBT: when I am (BT: was)] not without law [GBT: +as pertaining to; B: as pertaining to the law of] God, but under the law to [G: am in the law through; B: in the law of; T: under a law as concerning] Christ,) that I might [G: that I may; T: to] gain [GBT: win] them that are [T: were] without law.

9:22 To the weak became I [G: I become] as weak, that I might [G: that I may; T: to] gain [GBT: win] the weak: I am made all things [T: In all things I fashioned myself] to all men, that I might [T: to] by all means save [B: at the least way save; T: save at the least way] some.      qtext

9:23 And this I do for the gospel's sake, that I might be partaker thereof with you [BT: have my part thereof].


(1 Cor 9:19-27) MFU 469

(1 Cor 9:19) WPR 596; WPT 395

(1 Cor 9:21) JN3: 248

(1 Cor 9:22) WTG 241 (EH)


(1 Cor 9:19)

WPR 596, WPT 395 (1694, on George Fox): And truly, I must say, that though God had visibly clothed him with a divine preference and authority, and indeed his very presence expressed a religious majesty; yet he never abused it, but held his place in the church of God with great meekness and a most engaging humility and moderation. For upon all occasions, like his blessed master, he was a servant to all [1 Cor 9:19]....

(1 Cor 9:22)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:22: ]

WTG 241 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1750): Some there are that a little opennness and innocent freedom will mightily take with, and it facilitates the way for the tenders of truth; with others a more austere, awful behavior is most suitably adapted and here, the truly engaged become in a religious way all things to all men [1 Cor 9:22], if so be they gain ground to the blessed truth and yes its glory, and this may also be aptly termed patiently bearing the ark [Josh 3], taking their growths the children and little ones that cannot go deep and fast.


9:24 Know ye not [BT: Perceive ye not how] that they which run in a race [T: course] run all, but [G: yet; T: yet but] one receiveth the prize [BT: reward] ? So run, that ye may obtain.      qtext

9:25 And every man that striveth for the mastery is temperate in [GBT: proveth masteries, abstaineth from] all things. Now [GBT: and] they do it to obtain a corruptible crown [B: crown that shall perish]; but we an incorruptible [G: for an uncorruptible; BT: to obtain an everlasting (T: uncorruptible)] crown].      qtext

9:26 I therefore so run, not as uncertainly [BT: an uncertain thing]; so fight I, not as one that beateth the air:      qtext

9:27 But I keep under [G: beat down; BT: tame] my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that [GBT omit] by any means [T omits], when [GT: after that] I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway [G: reproved].      qtext


(1 Cor 9:24-27) MFU 266

(1 Cor 9:24) IP1: 406; IP3: 482, 502; IP4: 255; WPR 136

(1 Cor 9:24f) GF7: 208 [208], 256 [234], 259 [239], 273 [242]; GF8: 63 [311], 83 [317], 130 [339], 142 [345], 143 [346], 164 [356]; JN1: 44; RBA 462; RBAF 420 [may be confl w Heb 12:1]

(1 Cor 9:25-27) WPR 647

(1 Cor 9:25) GFJN 198, 289; GF4:52, 124; GF7: 117 [122]; GF8: 63 [311]; JN1: 316; JN2: 146 [cf 2 Tim 2:5, 1 Pet 5:4]

(1 Cor 9:26) GF3: 208, 474; EQ 113 (JN)

(1 Cor 9:26f) GF6: 33

(1 Cor 9:27) GF6: 215f; JN2: 318; RBA 228; RBAF 168; EQ 331 (BC); HPS 374 (EB); SIW 164


(1 Cor 9:24)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:24: IP1:406 (John 1:13)]

IP3:482 (1671): Did I, or any of us, ever affirm, that the forbearance of the means was the way to attain the end? But the setting up or using a false means is not the way to attain the true end. "So run," said the apostle, "that ye may obtain [1 Cor 9:24]." Did he not forbid all running, but the right running? The praying of the fleshly birth, or in the will, and according to the wisdom of the flesh, is not the means or way to obtain the everlasting kingdom; but the prayers of the true birth are.

(1 Cor 9:24f)

GF7:272f (1665): And all Friends, dwell in the endless power of the Lord, in which the supremacy is known, and the power which hath no end; whose dominion is over all dominions, and will stand when all other have an end [Dan 4:34]; and in that is the patience felt, which runneth the race, and obtaineth the crown [Heb 12:1/1 Cor 9:24f]; and that hath the wisdom, which is sweet, and cool, and pure [James 3:17], whereby the living truth hath the supremacy and dominion [1 Esd 4:35-41], and in that keep your meetings.

RBA 462, RBAF 420 (1678, XV.12): [continued from under Heb 6:16] the apostle ... in [Heb 6:16] ... only alludes to a certain custom usual among men, that he might express the firmity of the divine promise, that he might excite in the saints so much the more confidence in God, promising to them, not that he might instigate them to swear against the Law of God, or confirm them in that; no not at all, for neither doth 1 Cor 9:24[f] teach Christians the vain races, whereby men oftentimes, even to the destruction of their bodies, are wearied to obtain a corruptible prize. [continued under Luk 14:31]

(1 Cor 9:25)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:25: GF4:52 (1 Pet 2:14), GF4:124 (1 Pet 5:4), GF8:63 (1 Cor 13:4- 7)]

JN1:315f (1654): But you, my brethren, be ye so far from following such that their falling away may cause you to watch and search, by what power you stand, and so a pure fear [Psa 19:9LXX] may be preserved in you by which you may be kept in the way that leads to the crown which is immortal [1 Cor 9:25]. For it is he that overcomes that must wear the crown; wherefore faint not, nor think anything hard the Lord calls you unto; nothing must suffer but that which is to die, that your souls may live [2 Cor 4:16].

(1 Cor 9:26)

GF3:208 (1659): Now we say, they that have not the infallible spirit cannot get out the corn; they may beat the air [1 Cor 9:26], they may get the sheep's clothing upon their backs [Mat 7:15], and go out, and beat the air; and so when their gospel will not maintain them, then they are fain to fly to the magistrate; and to the hills, that must be beaten as chaff [Isa 41:15], because they cannot live of the gospel they preach; which doth not open the hearts of people, doth not get out the seed of God.

EQ 113 (James Nayler, 1658): Oh! that you would awake before wrath awaken you, and put on the armor of God [Eph 6:11], not relying any longer on men that beat the air [1 Cor 9:26], to fight your battles against them who is got into your hearts; but that yourselves as soldiers of Christ may all come to use the spiritual weapons against the spiritual wickedness exalted in the temple of God [Eph 6:12/2 Th 2:4], so that you can neither see nor serve God therein, being filled with wicked and worldly cumbrances.

(1 Cor 9:27)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 9:27: RBA 228 (Rom 8:38f)]

JN2:318 (1655): how hath the enemy led your minds from the Spirit that while you are preaching the saints' words you are not able to look within at your own contrary practice, and stop the mouth of the gainsayer, that so the true witness of God might arise in you [1 Jn 5:9], and let you see the castaway [1 Cor 9:27].

SIW 164 (Ann Crowley, 18–): Yet my mind was frequently tried with dismay, lest, as the apostle said, "After having preached to others, I myself should be a cast-a-way [1 Cor 9:27]". But these seasons were, doubtless, for my fiurther refinement [Isa 48:10], inciting to watchfulness unto prayer [1 Pet 4:7]


10:1 Moreover, [BT omit] brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how [G omits; T: of this how] that all our fathers were under the [G: that; T: a] cloud, and all passed through the sea;

10:2 And were all baptized unto [T: under] Moses in the [G: that (2x)] cloud and in the sea;      qtext

10:3 And did all eat the same [BT: of one] spiritual meat;

10:4 And did all drink the same [BT: of one manner of] spiritual drink: for they drank of that [G: the] spiritual Rock that followed them: and that [G: and the; BT: which] Rock was Christ.      qtext

10:5 But with [BT: in] many of them God was not well pleased [G: God was not pleased; BT: had God no delight]: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.


(1 Cor 10:1-6) DGA 105

(1 Cor 10:1-4) IP4: 77f; EQ 320 (BC); WPT 191

(1 Cor 10:1f) GF6: 293

(1 Cor 10:2) SIW 44, 96

(1 Cor 10:3-5) GF5: 152

(1 Cor 10:3f) GFJN 38; RBA 377; RBAF 330

(1 Cor 10:4) GF4: 285; GF5: 86; GF6: 57, 369; GF7: 348 [264]; GF8: 29 [279], 130 [338], 175 [361]; GFT 194; MFS 24; MFU 98; JN3: 725 (RR); IP1: 102; IP3: 117, 226; IP4: 420; RBA 38; RBAF 28; EQ 504 (GF); HPS 287, 305; 409 (EB); 462 (MF); WPR 279, 313, 623; WPT 106, 325f; JSS 23, 27; WTG 355 (AM)

(1 Cor 10:4f)


(1 Cor 10:2)

SIW 96 (Sarah Tuke Grubb, 1785): it is a work in which comparatively speaking, the weather changes many times in the day—sometimes the clouds hang so low, as even to baptize the inhabitants of that climate in them, from whence—there is so blessed a communication with the great ocean of wisdom and strength as to extend the baptism thereto—here we find our spiritual Moses [1 Cor 10:2], through whose almighty power, the Clouds—break—

(1 Cor 10:4)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 10:4: GF4:285 (Mar 16:17), GF6:57 (John 10:15), GF8:130 (Rev 13:8), MFS 24 (Heb 6:19), MFU 98 | HPS 462 (John 6:51), WTG 355f (Mat 16:18f), JSS 27 (John 4:10f)]

IP3:226 (1672): And so he is not a foundation or the cornerstone [Psa 118:22] distinct from God. He, as the foundation [1 Cor 3:11], was and is the rock of ages [Isa 26:4n], the spiritual rock [1 Cor 10:4], both before and since he took upon him the body prepared for him [Heb 10:5]. It is the Spirit, the life which was revealed in that man (by which he did his father's will [Heb 10:7]) which was and is the foundation whereupon all the living stones are built [1 Pet 2:5f]. [continued under Mat 3:16]

RBA 38, RBAF 28 (1678, II.9): [continued from under Heb 11] Nor doth any difference arise [between the faith of the ancients and ours], because they believed in Christ with respect to his appearance outwardly in future, and we, as already appeared; for nor did they then so believe in him to come, as not to feel him present with them, and witness him near; seeing the apostle saith, "They all drank of that spiritual aock which followed them, which rock was Christ" [1 Cor 10:4]; nor do we so believe concerning his appearance past, so as not also to feel and know him present with us, and to feed upon him; "except Christ" (saith the apostle) "be in you, ye are reprobates" [2 Cor 13:5]; so that both our faith is one, terminating in one and the same thing.


10:6 Now these things were our examples [BT: These (B: +verily) are ensamples to us], to the intent [T omits; GBT +that] we should not lust after evil things, as they also [T omits] lusted.

10:7 Neither be ye idolaters [T: worshippers of images], as were some of them; [T: +according] as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up [T: +again] to play.      qtext

[1 Cor 10:7, cf Exo 32:6]

10:8 Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed [GBT: +fornicationh], and fell in one day three and twenty [B: thirty] thousand.

10:9 Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also [BT omit] tempted [G: +him], and were destroyed of serpents.      qtext

10:10 Neither murmur ye, as some of them also [T omits] murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.      qtext

[1 Cor 10:10, cf Gen 17:1 (el Shaddai, destroyer); Exo 16:7-9, Num 14:27-29 (murmuring)]


(1 Cor 10:6-11) JN1: 167

(1 Cor 10:6) GF8: 263 [397]; JN1: 233

(1 Cor 10:7) GF6: 336; JN1: 66; EQ 112 (JN) [cf Exo 32:6]

(1 Cor 10:7f) GF5: 9

(1 Cor 10:9) GF5: 98

(1 Cor 10:10) GF8: 138 [343]; GFT 77; WTG 77 (SM)

(1 Cor 10:10f) GF5: 376


(1 Cor 10:7)

JN1:66 (1653): Cease your sports and pastimes, you wanton ones, making yourselves merry in your sins. Your idle profane talking and foolish jesting, your unclean filthy words are abomination to the Lord; and every idle word must be accounted for [Mat 12:36]: your reveling and rioting, carding and dicing, and all your invented sports, sitting down to eat and drink and rising up to play [Exo 32:6, 1 Cor 10:7], which is idolatry, and the wrath of God is against such practice; for man was not made to fulfil his own lusts but to serve the living God [Heb 9:14] who made all things for himself [Prov 16:4], and the wicked for the day of judgment; and they are reserved against the day of wrath and destruction [Job 21:30]. And though hand join in hand, the wicked shall not go unpunished [Prov 16:5].

(1 Cor 10:9)

GF5:98 (1675): And the apostle saith, 1 Cor 10:9[G], "Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted him, and were destroyed of the serpents." And therefore ye professors, take heed of tempting him in a profession without possession of him, lest ye be found mockers of him.

(1 Cor 10:10)

GF8:138 (1676): So you may see how these Jews, high and low, were gone from God, and his law, and his command, by hearkening to, and obeying this spirit, which had led Adam and Eve to disobey God's command; and therefore they would not receive his son, nor his order, nor doctrine. And what became of all these Jews? was not their city laid waste, and they scattered over all nations, and they destroyed of the destroyer [1 Cor 10:10], who had denied Christ their saviour, that wept over them, and would have saved them from destruction [Luke 19:41-44]?

WTG 77 (Susanna Morris, 1745) my good God suffered me not to murmur [1 Cor 10:10] or repine at the work or service which he called me to do...

(1 Cor 10:10f)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 10:10f: GF4:376 (Isa 17:10)]


10:11 Now all these things happened [G: came] unto them for ensamples: and they are [G: were] written for our admonition [G: to admonish us; BT: to put us in remembrance], upon whom the ends of the world are come [BT: whom the ends of the world are come upon].      qtext

10:12 Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.      qtext

10:13 There hath no [T: none other] temptation taken you but such as is common to [G: appertain to; BT: followeth the nature of] man: but [G: and] God is faithful, who will [G: which will; BT: which shall] not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able [G: that you be able; BT: your strength] ; but will with [G: will even give issue with; B: shall with; T: shall in the midst of] the temptation also make a way to escape [G omits; B: make a way; T: make a way to escape out], that ye may be able to bear it [T omits].      qtext


(1 Cor 10:11) GF6: 472; DGA 186; JN1: 211 (GF), 233; JN3: 723 (RR)

(1 Cor 10:12) IP3: 214, 468

(1 Cor 10:13) GF4: 287, 305; GF7: 258f [237]; GF8: 215 [377]; IP3: 308


(1 Cor 10:11)

GF6:472 (16–): And the apostle saith to the Corinthians, upon them the ends of the world are come [1 Cor 10:11], that is, the end of all outward worldly things; and he calleth them babes in Christ [1 Cor 3:1]. He could not speak to them but as unto babes in Christ, who were not of this world [John 15:19]. He that hath an ear to hear, let him hear [Mat 11:15 refrain], and read these things.

(1 Cor 10:12)

IP3:214 (1672): There is a way of coming to Christ, and there is a way of preservation in Christ. For there is a power that redeems; and men are preserved by that power in subjection to it. And so every one, that thinketh he standeth, is to fear, and to take heed lest he fall [1 Cor 10:12]; and not to boast and say, I am in a state of justification, which is firm and cannot be moved; and it cannot fall, nor be finally fallen from. [continued under 1 Pet 1:5]

(1 Cor 10:13)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 10:13: GF7:258f (Mat 25:42-46)]

IP3:308 (1674): God is faithful [1 Cor 10:13], who hath care of all his, and whose promise is to all his; and as he would have none sin, so none that diligently wait shall want his power to stand by them, to preserve out of sin.


10:14 Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry [T: worshipping of idols].

10:15 I speak as to wise men [GBT: unto them which have understanding (BT: discretion)]; judge ye what I say.      qtext

10:16 [T: +Is not] The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the [T omits] communion [BT: partaking] of the blood of Christ? [T: +Is not] The bread which we break, is it not the [T omits] communion [BT: partaking] of the body of Christ?      qtext

10:17 For [T: because that] we being [GB: that are; T: though we be] many are one bread, and one body: for [G: because; BT: inasmuch as] we are all partakers of that [GBT omit] one bread.      qtext

10:18 Behold Israel after the flesh [G: which is...; T: which walketh carnally]: are not they which eat of the sacrifices [T: sacrifice] partakers of the altar?


(1 Cor 10:14-17) IP3: 437

(1 Cor 10:15-17) HPS 366 (EB) WPR 345

(1 Cor 10:15) JN2: 4; IP3: 90

(1 Cor 10:16) GFJN 134; GF4: 42; GF7: 37 [31]; JN1: 20, 165; 212 (GF), 222; JN3: 108; IP2: 122; HPS 368 (EB); RBA 299; SIW 58

(1 Cor 10:16f) GF6: 230; JN1: 302; JN2: 62; RBA 373, 380, 387; RBAF 11(327), 333, 341

(1 Cor 10:17) MFU 125; JN1: 381; JN2: 602; IP3: 327, 390; JSS 9, 19


(1 Cor 10:15)

IP3:89f (1668): he saith, "No man upon the earth can, or ought to judge of the doctrine of a prophet, that hath a commission from God." Observ. Cannot he judge, who hath the anointing [1 Jn 2:27]? ... Judge not according to the appearance, (saith Christ), but judge righteous judgment, John 7:24. Did Christ absolutely forbid men from judging concerning him, or his doctrine and miracles, or did he not rather direct them how they might judge aright? I speak as to wise men, judge ye what I say, 1 Cor 10:15. The apostle had a commission from God, & yet he did not bar men from judging of his words, but bid them judge: and the same apostle saith, Let the prophets speak two or three, and let the others judge, 1 Cor 14:29.

(1 Cor 10:16)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 10:16: GF7:37 (1 Cor 12:13), JN1:20|222 (Mat26:26-28), HPS 368 (Jas 5:14)]

JN1:165 (1653): The bread the saints break is the body of Christ, and the cup they drink is the blood of Christ [1 Cor 10:16], and all made to drink into one spirit [1 Cor 12:13]. And the cup they take is a little bread and wine, and they call that a sacrament, which there is no scripture for, and so show forth the spirit of error [1 Jn 4:6].

RBA 298f (1678, XI.7): the form of this worship is so naked and void of all outward and worldly splendor that all occasion for man's wisdom to be exercised in that superstition and idolatry hath no lodging here; and so there being also an inward quietness and retiredness of mind, the witness of God [1 Jn 5:9] ariseth in the heart, and the Light of Christ shineth whereby the soul cometh to see its own condition. And there being many joined together in this same work, there is an inward travail and wrestling; and also, as the measure of Grace is abode in, an overcoming of the power and spirit of darkness; and thus we are often greatly strengthened and renewed in the spirits of our minds [Eph 4:23] without a word, and we enjoy and possess the holy fellowship and "communion of the body and blood of Christ [1 Cor 10:16]," by which our inward man is nourished and fed. Which makes us not to dote upon outward water and bread and wine in our spiritual things.

SIW 58 (Ruth Alcock Follows, 1775): I am desirous, also, that thou mayst be an acceptable communicant with us, when the cup of blessing [1 Cor 10:16] is handed forth....

(1 Cor 10:16f)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 10:16f: RBA 373 (John 6:32-35)]

(1 Cor 10:17)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 10:17: JSS 9 (John 17:11)]

JN1:381f (1654): And for the outwards signs of the Supper, "Do this in remembrance of me till I come" [Luk 22:19, 1 Cor 11:24f]; but when he was come, then the bread which they did break was the body of Christ, they being many were one bread [1 Cor 10:17], which however comes to witness in Spirit will both see and say that your bread and wine is carnal and not spiritual; and your way of giving it without ground and life, who are not one bread nor of one heart and soul [Acts 4:32], as all are who break this bread of life; but they who rest in the types come short of the substance, as is plain in your divisions and contentions.


10:19 What say I then? that the idol [T: image] is any thing, or that [G: +that; BT:+ it] which is offered in sacrifice [G: sacrificed; BT: offered] to idols [T images] is any thing?

10:20 [GBT: +Nay] But I say [G omits; B: this I say], that the [G: these; T; those] things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice [BT: offer, they offer] to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with [GBT: +the] devils.      qtext

[1 Cor 10:20, cf Deut 32:17]

10:21 Ye cannot drink [T: +of] the cup of the Lord, and the [T: of that] cup of [GT: +the] devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of [GT: +the] devils.      qtext

10:22 Do [T: Either shall] we provoke the Lord to jealousy [GB: to anger; T omits] ? [T: +Or] are we stronger than he?

[1 Cor 10:22, df Deut 32:21]

10:23 All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not.

10:24 Let no man seek his own [T: +profit], but every man [T: let every man seek] another's wealth.

10:25 Whatsoever is sold in the shambles [T: market], that eat [G: eat ye] , asking [GBT: and ask] no question [T: questions] for conscience sake:      qtext

10:26 For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof [GBT: all that therein is].

[1 Cor 10:26, cf Psa 24:1]

10:27 If any of them that believe not bid [G: call] you to a feast, and [GT: +if] ye be disposed to [G: will] go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake.      qtext

10:28 But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice [G: sacrificed; B: offered; T: dedicated] unto idols, eat not [G: it not; BT: not of it] for his sake [G: because of him] that shewed it, and for conscience sake [G: the conscience; T: hurting of conscience] : for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof [GBT: all that therein is]:

[1 Cor 10:28, cf Psa 24:1]

10:29 [G: +And the] Conscience, I say, not thine own [GBT omits] but [T: + the conscience] of the [GT: that] other: for why is my liberty [GT: should my liberty be] judged [G: condemned] of another man's conscience?

10:30 For if I by grace be a partaker [G: through God's benefit be partaker; BT: take my part with thanks], why am I evil spoken of for that [T: +thing] for which [GBT: wherefore] I give thanks?


(1 Cor 10:20) GF4: 385; GF6: 230; IP1: 57

(1 Cor 10:20f) JN3: 109

(1 Cor 10:21) GF5: 151; MFS 33; JN3: 110, 113, 236, 461; RBA 379, 387; RBAF 332, 341

(1 Cor 10:25) GF6: 65; HPS 368 (EB)

(1 Cor 10:25f) GF6: 45

(1 Cor 10:27) MFU 469f [cf Luke 10:8]

(1 Cor 10:29) GF8: 187 [362]


(1 Cor 10:20)

GF6:230 (1683): And David saith, "Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with them", to wit, the Lord, "which frameth mischief," &c. Psa 94:20. For the apostle saith, 2 Cor 6:[14], "what fellowship hath righteousness with unrighteousness, or what communion hath light with darkness?" And the apostle saith to the church, "I would not have you to have fellowship with devils [1 Cor 10:20]." And the apostle told the church of Christ, that their fellowship was in the gospel [Phil 1:5], the power of God [Rom 1:16] which was before the devil was, and his fellowships. And such came to know the power of the resurrection of Christ, and the fellowship of his sufferings [Phil 3:10]. And such had a fellowship with the Father and with the son [1 Jn 1:3], after Christ was risen; and such had no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness [Eph 5:11], but rather reproved them.

(1 Cor 10:21)

MFS 33 (1660): ...they that deny this Spirit, and the teaching thereof, are not of this body, nor do [they] drink of this cup of the New Testament [Luk 22:20, 1 Cor 11:25]. They are drinking of the cup of fornication and idolatry [Rev 17:2], for the apostle said they could not sit at the Lord's table and the table of devils. They could not drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of devils [1 Cor 10:21]. So they that drink not the cup of the Spirit (new) in the kingdom [Mat 26:29], let them read in their own bosoms what they are drinking of.

RBA 379, RBAF 332 (1678, XIII.3): I say, if [after taking outward communion] thou findest thy soul yet barren, yea hungry, and ready to starve for want of something thou lonsest for; know, that Light, that discovers thy iniquity to thee, that shows thee thy barrenness, thy nakedess, thy emptiness, is that body that thou must partake of, and feed upon; but that till, by forsaking inquity, thou turnest to it, comest unto it, receivest it, though thou mayest hunger after it, thou cast not be satisfied with it; for it "hath no communion with darkness" [2 Cor 6:14], nor canst thou "drink of the cup of the Lord and the cup of devils," and be "partaker of the Lord's table and the the table of devils" (1 Cor 10:21).

(1 Cor 10:25f)

GF6:45 (1679): And the apostle saith, "Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat [1 Cor 10:25]." This he speaks to the Corinthians, who were Gentiles before their conversion: And so these things sold, were in the Gentiles' shambles; not in the Jews' shambles, where only the clean beasts and fowls were sold, but at Corinth, or amongst the Corinthian shambles, where both were sold. For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof [Psa 24:1, 1 Cor 10:26]; "And God saw every thing that he had made, and behold it was very good." Gen 1:31.

(1 Cor 10:27)

MFU 469f (1700): Now see how contrary our practice is to the apostles, when we must not go to a burial of the people of the world, nor bid them to any of our burials, or do that which is moderate and of a good report, as to meats and drinks etc. Again read 1 Cor 10:27: "If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake." This is more than a birth or burial, which is needful & necessary. Away with these whimsical narrow imaginations, and let the Spirit of God which he hath given us, lead us & guide us. And let us stand fast in that liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free, and not be entangled again into bondage [Gal 5:1] in observing proscriptions, in outward things which will not profit, nor cleanse the inward man [cf Luk 11:39].


10:31 Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory [BT: praise] of God.      qtext

10:32 [BT: +See that ye] Give none offence [T: occasion of evil], neither to the Jews, nor [BT: +yet] to the Gentiles [GB: Grecians], nor to the church [T: neither to the congregation] of God:      qtext

10:33 Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they may [GBT: might] be saved.


(1 Cor 10:31) GFJN 2, 175, 194, 199, 322, 380; GF3: 84, 473; GF4: 163, 198, 231, 273, 307; GF5: 6; GF6: 144, 337; GF7: 41 [33], 49 [39], 91 [80], 97 [90], 116 [121], 142 [150], 149 [157], 157 [169], 166 [175], 178 [188], 183 [102], 198 [200], 217 [216], 278 [245], 343, 349 [264]; GF8: 52 [101], 70, 71 [313], 81 [317], 190 [364], 192 [365], 210 [373], 223 [381], 228 [382], 230 [383], 231 [384], 266 [397], 308 [417]; GFT 37; JN3: 108f, 323; IP1: 35; IP2: 217; IP4: 74; RBA 450; RBAF 408; WPR 85, 392; WTG 82, 94 (SM) [may be confl wi Wis 8:1, 1 Cor 2:7?]

(1 Cor 10:32) JWJM 128f, 177


(1 Cor 10:31)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 10:31: GF4:307 (John 1:3), GF7:149 (Heb 1:3), GF7:343 (Jas 3:15-17), GF8:81 (Mat 11:19b), IP1:35f (Rom 14:11), IP4:74 (Mat 6:3)]

GF5:6 (1674): And whether, therefore, "you eat or drink, or whatsoever you do, do all to the glory of God." 1 Cor 10:31. Now there is no waster, drunkard, glutton, that can eat and drink to the glory of God; but to the dishonouring God, devouring and destroying the creatures, and consuming them upon their lusts [Jas 4:3], and feeding themselves without the fear [Jude 1:12] of God: and if all Christians did mind this, ... there would be no drunkard, no destroyer, no devourer, nor waster of God's creatures found in Christendom.

RBA 450, RBAF 408 (1678, XV.8): The apostle commands us, that "whether we eat or drink, or whatever we do, we do it all to the glory of God [1 Cor 10:31].: But I judge none will be so impudent as to affirm that in the use of these sports and games, God is glorified. If any should so say, they would declare that they neither knew God nor his glory: and experience abundantly proves that in the practice of these things, men mind ... nothing more than the satisfaction of their own carnal lusts, wills and appetites. [continued under 1 Cor 7:29-31]

WTG 94 (Susanna Morris, 1752): On 5th day the 20th went to Winchester, 17 miles, when although with a small company of Friends at an evening meeting, and next morning at another meeting, we fared better than could (by any appearance) be expected, but I may truly say that the Lord required them to get inward to a more close engagement of the heart and soul to know how the matter betwixt God and their own souls was, for all that we do ought to be done to the glory and honour of God [1 Cor 10:31].

(1 Cor 10:32)

[Other texts citing 1 Cor 10:32:]

JWJM 128f (17–): I felt a strong engagement that we might be obedient to the Lord while in tender mercies he is yet calling us, and so attend to pure universal righteousness as to give no just cause of offense to the Gentiles , who do not profess Christianity [1 Cor 10:32], whether the blacks from Africa or the native inhabitants of this continent.

This page added 2008