15:1 We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities [BT: frailness] of the [T: them which are] weak, and not to please ourselves [BT: stand in our own conceits].      qtext

15:2 Let every one of us [GBT: man] please his neighbour for his good to [GB: in that that is good to; T: unto his wealth and] edification [BT: edifying].

15:3 For even Christ pleased not [G: also would not please] himself; but, as it is written, The reproaches [GBT: rebukes] of them that reproached [G: which rebuke; BT; which rebuked] thee fell on me.

[Rom 15:3, cf Psa 69:9]

15:4 For whatsoever things were [GT: are (2x); B; have been] written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.      qtext

15:5 Now the God of patience and consolation grant you to [T: give unto every one of you that ye] be likeminded one toward another according to [BT: after the ensample of] Christ Jesus [T: omits] :      qtext

15:6 That ye may with one mind and [BT: all agreeing together may with] one mouth glorify [GBT: praise] God, even the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ [T: omits].

15:7 Wherefore receive ye one another, as Christ also received us to the glory [BT: praise] of God.


(Rom 15:1) GF7: 94 [83]; GF8: 191 [364]

(Rom 15:4) GF8: 163 [356]; RBA 75; RBAF 58; EQ 317 (BC); HPS 352 (EB); WPR 640

(Rom 15:5-7) GF5: 97, 295; GF8: 266 [397]

(Rom 15:6) GF3: 582; GF5: 304


(Rom 15:1]

GF8:191 (1680): [continued from under Rom 12:10] And therefore, do not quench the least motion of God's good spirit [1 Th 5:19/Neh 9:20] in yourselves, nor in any other; but let truth and goodness be cherished in all; and let all harshness, and bitterness, and revilings be kept down by the truth, that it may have its passage through you all, and in it you may bear one another's weakness and infirmities, and so fulfil the law of Christ [Gal 6:2/Rom 15:1]; keeping down revenge, hastiness or passion, as knowing vengeance is the Lord's, and he will repay it [Rom 12:19] on every one that does wrong, without respect of persons [Acts 10:34].

(Rom 15:4]

GF8:163 (1679): And such as talk of the gospel of Christ, the power of God, but live not in it, but do live in the power of satan [Acts 26:18], the enemy and adversary, and the devil, the destroying power and spirit; and such have no comfort of the scriptures [Rom 15:4], nor of the things of God, nor of the grace, nor of the truth, nor of the wisdom of God, nor of faith, nor light, though they may talk of all these things, while they follow that unruly, foul, unpeaceable spirit, that abode not in the truth, (in whom there is no truth,) [John 8:44] and where there is no truth there is confusion and disorder.

HPS 352 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): ...the Spirit of Christ is the rule of his people's faith, and the guide of their life; yet doth not this detract from the Scriptures, nor the estimation of his people (called Quakers) concerning them; for I know they do believe, that whatsoever things were written aforetime, were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the Scriptures might have hope .... (Rom 15:4). So that it appears, the Scriptures are owned of them, and are believed by them, and are practiced amongst them, but they dare not ascribe them that glory which is due to God, nor exalt them above the Son Christ Jesus, nor prefer them in his Spirit's stead; neither is it any derogation from the scriptures, to exalt Christ and his Spirit more than they; for the Scriptures themselves exalt Christ and his Spirit above themselves....

(Rom 15:5-7]

GF5:295 (1676): And [Paul] further said, "that ye may with one heart and mouth glorify God the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, wherefore receive you one another, as Christ also hath received us to the glory of God [Rom 15:6f]." So here it was the work of the Holy Ghost to keep the church in this one mind, to the one God, in one body, and in the unity of the one faith and spirit [Eph 4:3-6]; for he saith, "he that hath not the spirit of Christ, is none of his [Rom 8:9]."


15:8 Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises [B: promise] made unto the fathers:      qtext

15:9 And that the Gentiles might glorify [GT: let the Gentiles praise] God for his mercy; as it is written, For this cause I will confess to [G: confess; BT: praise] thee among the Gentiles, and sing unto [T: in] thy name.

[Rom 15:9, cf 2 Sam 22:50 LXX | Psa 18:49 LXX]

15:10 And again he saith, Rejoice, ye Gentiles, with his people.

[Rom 15:10, cf Deu 32:43]

15:11 And again, Praise the Lord, all ye Gentiles; and laud him, all ye people [GB:+ together; T: nations].

[Rom 15:11, cf Psa 117:1]

15:12 And again [T: in another place] , Esaias saith, There shall be a root of Jesse, and he that shall rise to reign over the Gentiles; in him shall the Gentiles trust.      qtext

[Rom 15:12, cf Isa 11:10 LXX]

15:13 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that ye may abound [BT: be rich] in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost.      qtext


(Rom 15:8) GF8: 168 [359]

(Rom 15:9) GF4: 117 [cf Psa 18:49 LXX]

[Rom 15:10 cf Deu 32:43]

(Rom 15:11) GF5: 80, 414 [cf Psa 117:1]

(Rom 15:12) GF4: 63, 117; GF6: 486 [cf Isa 11:10 LXX]

(Rom 15:12f) IP4: 344

(Rom 15:13) IP2: 201

(Rom 15:13f) GF2: 261


(Rom 15:8)

GF8:168 (1679): Christ doth minister the circumcision in the spirit [Rom 15:8/Rom 2:29], that putteth off the body of the sins of the flesh [Col 2:11], that came upon man and woman by transgression. So that the children are the circumcision of the spirit in the new testament, and not of the flesh and letter, as they were in the old testament [Rom 2:28f].

(Rom 15:12)

[Other texts citing Rom 15:12: GF4:62f (Rom 9:30)]

(Rom 15:13)

IP2:201 (1661): 4. The rest [Mat 11:28f] was once felt and enjoyed, when the gospel was known in power. Believers, in the first day of the gospel, before the night overtook that glorious dispensation, found "peace and joy in believing [Rom 15:13]; yea, they could rejoice in the Lord always. They felt the power and the life, which stood over all the powers of darkness, and brought good to them out of every affliction [Psa 119:71], and out of every temptation, and every distress; [continued under Jas 1:2]


15:14 And I myself also am persuaded [T: full certified] of you, my brethren, that ye also are full of goodness, filled with all knowledge, able also to admonish [BT: exhort] one another.

15:15 Nevertheless, brethren, I have written the more boldly unto you in some sort, as putting [GT: as one that putteth; B: to put] you in mind [GBT: remembrance], because of GBT: through] the grace that is given to me of God,      qtext

15:16 That I should be the minister of Jesus Christ to [G: toward; T; among] the Gentiles, ministering [BT: and should minister] the gospel [T: glad tidings] of God, that the offering up [B omits] of the Gentiles might be acceptable, being [T: Gentiles might be an acceptable offering] sanctified by the Holy Ghost.

15:17 I have therefore whereof I may glory through Jesus Christ [GBT: rejoice in (B: through) Christ Jesus] in those things which pertain to God.

15:18 For I will not dare to [GBT: dare not] speak of any of those things [G: anything] which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient, by [G: in; BT: with] word and deed,      qtext

15:19 Through mighty [G: With the power of; BT: in mighty] signs and wonders, by the power of the Spirit of God; so that from Jerusalem, and round about unto Illyricum [BT: the coasts round about], I have fully preached [G: caused to abound; T: filled all countries with] the gospel [T: glad tidings] of Christ.

15:20 Yea, so have I strived [GBT: enforced myself] to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build [GBT: have built] upon another man's foundation:      qtext

15:21 But as it is written, To whom he was not spoken of, they shall see [G: +him]: and they that have not heard [GBT: heard not] shall understand [G: +him].

[Rom 15:21, cf Isa 52:15]


(Rom 15:14) GF6: 181

(Rom 15:15) HPS 396 (EB)

(Rom 15:16) GF2: 317

(Rom 15:18) GF5: 97, 189, 251

(Rom 15:20) HPS 397 (EB)


(Rom 15:15)

HPS 396 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): They say, The grace of God is free [Rom 15:15]; and yet they make it a monopoly; so it shall not be free to all; nor must all be sharers in it; neither will they allow the Lord himself to dispense it; nor yet to inspire his servants to go forth and preach it: But arrogate to themselves a kind of sacerdotal right, to be dispensers of the grace of God, and ministers of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, because of some outward qualifications achieved by them ... although they were never called of God to the work of the ministry, nor never had the word of reconciliation [2 Cor 5:19] committed to them....

(Rom 15:18)

GF5:95 (1675): the apostle saith, "I dare not speak of any thing which Christ hath not wrought by me, to make the Gentiles obedient in word and deed [Rom 15:18G]." Mark this, ye professors, if ye durst speak no more but that Christ works by you or in you, ye would have little to say, and ye would not find fault with the people of God called Quakers, who speak as Christ hath wrought in them.

(Rom 15:20)

HPS 396f (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): So being void of universal love themselves, they fondly imagine the Lord to be like themselves: hence concluding, there is no salvation to be had without the explicit knowledge of Christ's coming in the flesh, and of the Scriptures; both which we know whole kingdoms and empires in the world are unavoidably ignorant of; and yet few or none of these will jeopardize their lives to preach amongst such; notwithstanding this was the Apostle Paul's practice, to preach Christ where he had not before been named; for, said he, if I build upon another Man's foundation [Rom 15:20], I make my glorying void [1 Cor 9:15].


15:22 For which cause also I have been much hindered [GBT: oft let] from coming [GT: to come; B: that I could not come] to you.

15:23 But now having no more place [BT: to do] in these parts [G: quarters; BT: countries], and having a great desire [GBT: also have been desirous] these many years [G: many years agone] to come unto you;

15:24 Whensoever I [GT: When I shall] take my journey into Spain, I will come to you: for I trust to see you in my journey, and to be brought on my way thitherward by you, if first [GBT: after that] I be [G: have been; T: have] somewhat filled with [T: enjoyed] your company [BT: you].

15:25 But now I go unto Jerusalem to minister unto the saints.

15:26 For it hath pleased them of Macedonia and Achaia to make a certain contribution for [GT: distribution unto (T: upon); B: common gathering for] the poor saints which are at Jerusalem.

15:27 It hath pleased them verily; and their debtors they are. For if the Gentiles have been [GBT: be] made partakers of their spiritual things, their duty is also to minister unto them in carnal things.      qtext

15:28 When therefore I have performed this, and have sealed to them this fruit [T: brought them this fruit sealed], I will come [G: pass; T: come back again] by you into Spain.

15:29 And I am sure [G: know] that, when I come unto you, I shall come in the fulness [GBT: with abundance] of the blessing of the gospel of Christ.

15:30 Now I beseech you, brethren, for the Lord Jesus Christ's sake, and for the love of the Spirit, that ye strive together with me in your [G: would strive with me by; BT: help me in my business with your] prayers to God for me;

15:31 That I may be delivered from them that do not believe [G: are disobedient] in Judaea [BT: Jewry]; and that my service which I have for [G: to do at; B: at; T: to] Jerusalem may be accepted of the saints;

15:32 That I may come unto you with joy by the will of God, and may with you be refreshed.

15:33 Now the God of peace be with you all. Amen.      qtext


(Rom 15:26) GF8: 117 [321]

(Rom 15:27) GF6: 476; GF7: 37 [29]; JN2: 588

(Rom 15:29) IP4: 357

(Rom 15:33) WTG 260 (EH)


(Rom 15:27)

[Other texts citing Rom 15:27: GF7:37 (Rom 16:18), JN2:588 (Mat 10:8)]

(Rom 15:33)

WTG 260 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1751): 7th to a meeting at Warwickshire and that evening rode to Banbury and put up at my particular Friends B. Kidd's who with his wife received me kindly and was sensible the God of peace was with them [Rom 15:33] which rendered my stay with them agreeable to me as well as profitable in the best sense for during my stay he was divers times opened to speak of his experieince which was large in the things of God, having been for many years an able minister of the word [2 Cor 3:6].


16:1 I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant [BT: minister] of the church [T: congregation] which is at [GBT: of] Cenchrea:      qtext

16:2 That ye receive her in the Lord, as becometh saints, and that ye assist her in whatsoever business she hath need of you [GT: needeth of your aid]: for she hath been a succourer of [G: given hospitality unto; BT: succoured] many, and of myself [G: to me; T: mine own self] also.

16:3 Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers [G: fellow helpers] in Christ Jesus:

16:4 Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches [T: congregation] of the Gentiles.

16:5 Likewise greet the church [T: all the company] that is in their [T: thy] house. Salute my wellbeloved [G: beloved] Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ [T: among them of Achaia].

16:6 Greet Mary, who bestowed much labour on us.

16:7 Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen [GBT: cousins], and my fellowprisoners [BT: and prisoners with me also], who are of note [G: notable; BT: well taken] among the apostles, who also were in Christ before me.

16:8 Greet Amplias my beloved in the Lord.

16:9 Salute Urbane, our helper in Christ, and Stachys my beloved.

16:10 Salute Apelles approved in Christ. Salute them which are of Aristobulus' household [G: friends].

16:11 Salute Herodion my kinsman. Greet them that be of the household [G: friends] of Narcissus, which are in the Lord.

16:12 Salute Tryphena and Tryphosa, who [GT: which women] labour in the Lord. Salute the beloved Persis, which [G: +woman hath] laboured much in the Lord.

16:13 Salute Rufus chosen in the Lord, and his mother and mine.

16:14 Salute [GBT: Greet] Asyncritus, Phlegon, Hermas, Patrobas, Hermes [GB: Mercurius], and the brethren which are with them.

16:15 Salute Philologus, and Julia, Nereus, and his sister, and Olympas, and all the saints which are with them.

16:16 Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches [T: congregations] of Christ salute you.


(Rom 16:1-6) GF2: 277f; GF4: 108; GF6: 199; GF8: 111 [320], 169 [360]; HPS 439 (EB); WTG 305 (AM)

(Rom 16:1f) GF6: 244; 145 [347]; GFEJ 336; RBAF 219n

(Rom 16:9-12) GF6: 232

(Rom 16:16) JN3: 737 (GF)


(Rom 16:1-6)

GF8:169 (1679): And likewise all the faithful women are to be as Dorcas, a disciple of Christ Jesus, that their good works of the spirit and faith may follow them [Acts 9:36-41]: and also they are to be as Phebe, who was a minister of the church at Cenchrea; and she was such a faithful trusty minister, that the apostle sent his epistle by her to Rome, from Corinth, with a recommendation of her [Rom 16:1]. And also all the faithful men and women are to be as Aquilla and Priscilla, who were the apostles' fellow-helpers in Christ Jesus, and had a church in their house [Rom 16:3-5, 1 Cor 16:19], and were instructers concerning the things of God [Acts 18:26]....

WTG 305 (Ann Moore, 1758): [debate with Presbyterian priest about 1 Tim 2:12] if [Paul] had said so in one place, he in another recommended several women as fellow laborers in the church [Rom 16:1-6; cites Joel 2:28f] and I did not think it was reasonable to suppose the scripture contradicted itself.


16:17 Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them [G: +diligently] which cause divisions [GBT: division] and offences [BT: give occasions of evil] contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.      qtext

16:18 For they that are such serve not our Lord Jesus Christ, but their own belly [GT: bellies]; and by good words and fair speeches [G: fair speech and flatering; B: sweet and flattering words; T: sweet preachings and flattering words] deceive the hearts of the simple [BT: innocents].      qtext

16:19 For your obedience is come abroad [B: is gone abroad; T: extendeth] unto all men [G: among all]. I am glad therefore on your behalf [G: of you; BT: no doubt of you]: but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple [T: to be innocents] concerning evil.      qtext

16:20 And the God of peace shall bruise [GB: shall tread; T: tread] Satan under your feet shortly. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you. Amen.      qtext

16:21 Timotheus my workfellow [G: helper], and Lucius, and Jason, and Sosipater, my kinsmen,salute you.

16:22 I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord.

16:23 Gaius mine host, and of the whole church [T: the host of all the congregation], saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain [G: steward] of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.

16:24 The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. Amen.


(Rom 16:17) EQ 539 (BR)

(Rom 16:17f) GF5: 34; GF6: 211

(Rom 16:18) GFJN 187, 473; GF3: 23 (EB), 155, 200, 204, 225, 226, 231f, 250, 281,290, 579; GF4: 108, 160, 213; GF5: 195f; GF6: 211, 212, 250; GF7: 25 [18], 31 [24], 37 [29], 60 [47], 128 [131], 155 [167], 248 [232], 267 [240]; GF8: 138, 139 [343], 176 [361], 244 [390]; MFU 50, 82; JN1: 67, 127, 191, 252, 286, 318; JN2: 56, 77, 86, 156, 247, 438, 441, 444, 553f; JN3: 89; IP2: 427; IP4: 28, 176; HPS 54

(Rom 16:19) MFU 39

(Rom 16:20) GF7: 86 [77], 284 [249]; DGA 69; IP1: 318; IP3: 12, 426, 516; DFR 13 [cf Gen 3:15]


(Rom 16:17)

EQ 539 (Robert Barclay, 1676): ...whatsoever tendeth not to edification, but on the contrary to destruction, and to beget discord among brethren, is to be avoided, according to that of the Apostle [quotes Rom 16:17]....

(Rom 16:18)

[Other texts citing Rom 16:18: GF3: 226 (John 7:38). GF6:211f (1 Jn 4:1), JN1:127 (Heb 4:12), JN1:252 (Mat 6:31f), IP2:427f (Mar 3:11), HPS 54 (Gen 11:1-9)]

GF7:37 (1653): .... if any minister of Jesus Christ, or son, or daughter, or servant, which Jesus Christ sends forth, (who said, "Freely ye have received, freely give [Mat 10:8]",) comes to our houses, and ministers unto us spiritual things, we will set before him our carnal things; and he that soweth unto us spiritual things, it is the least, that we minister unto him of our carnal things [Rom 15:27]. But he that sueth us at the law for means, and calleth me before courts and sessions, and telleth me, he is a minister of Christ, and Christ sent him, all such evil beasts [Tit 1:12] (as the apostle speaks of) we deny, who mind earthly things, whose god is their belly [Phil 3:19], who serve not the Lord Jesus Christ, but their own bellies [Rom 16:18].

GF8:139 (1677): And all such as preach the word of God, and are not doers of the word [Mat 23:3/Jas1:22], they are deceivers of their own souls, and they may deceive others with the good words [Rom 16:18]: and such cannot be reconciled to God, neither can they bring others to reconciliation with God.

JN1:66f (1653): God is against you, you covetous cruel oppressors who grind the faces of the poor and needy [Isa 3:15], taking your advantage of the necessities of the poor, falsifying the measures and using deceitful weights [Mic 6:11; margin: Prov 11:1], speaking that by your commodities which is not true and so deceiving the simple [Rom 16:18], and hereby getting great estates in the world, laying house to house and land to land till there be no place for the poor [Isa 5:8]....

JN2:443f (1655): ... thy god thou tellest on, who would not suffer thee to hold dispute an hour past dinnertime, it is not like he should lead thee into this trial to serve the Lord with denying the belly, which shamelessly thou wouldst cast upon us to be servers of our bellies [Rom 16:18], when thou denied the work of God for serving thy belly.

(Rom 16:19)

[Other texts citing Rom 16:19: MFU 39 (Rom 12:8)]

(Rom 16:20)

[Other texts citing Rom 16:20: IP1:318 (Rom 8:37), DFR 13 (Luk 11:21f)]

GF7:284 (1667): Blessed are all those whose minds are stayed upon the Lord, for they shall be kept in perfect peace [Isa 26:3]; so where the mind is stayed upon the Lord, there is a perfect peace; for it is a whole peace, which cannot be broken. So here is not only a perfect peace, but a blessing; a perfect peace which comes from the God of all peace, (that bruiseth the serpent's head under your feet [Rom 16:20/Gen 3:15], the troubler,) and the blessings which come from the blessed God. So all imperfect peace may be broken, that is when the mind is stayed upon the creature, or in any creature, and not upon the Creator [Rom 1:25]; or in any outward things, goods, houses, lands, or inventions of vanities, in the foolish vain fashions; which the lust of the eye and the pride of life [1 Jn 2:16] go into, which will defile and corrupt it.


16:25 Now to him that is of power to stablish you according to my gospel, and the preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation [G: by the revelation; B: by revealing; T: in uttering] of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began,      qtext

16:26 But now is made manifest [GBT: opened], and by the scriptures of the prophets [T: prophecy], according to [GBT: at] the commandment of the everlasting God, made known to [GBT: published among] all nations for the obedience of [T: to stir up obedience to the] faith:      qtext

16:27 To God [G: God, I say; BT: the same God] only wise, be glory [GT: praise] through Jesus Christ for ever. Amen. servant of [B: minister unto; T: she that was the minister unto] the church [T: congregation] at Cenchrea.>


(Rom 16:25) GF5: 97, 236, 239; IP4: 396

(Rom 16:25f) GF6: 232; JSS 18

(Rom 16:26) GF3: 264; JN3: 92; IP2: 284, 349; IP4: 60, 167 [cf Rom 1:5]


(Rom 16:25)

GF5:236 (1676): [quotes Rom 16:25G] Now you that deny revelation, what, will ye make people believe that ye shall know the mystery of Christ and his gospel (which hath been kept secret since the world began) without revelation?

(Rom 16:25f)

JSS 18 (179-): "That which may be known of God is manifest in them." Rom 1:19. The preaching of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery, which was kept secret since the world began, But now is made manifest [Rom 16:25f], is "Christ in you the hope of glory." Col 1:27.

(Rom 16:26)

[Other texts citing Rom 16:26: IP2:349 (Rom 2:13), IP4:167 (Rom 4:9) ]

GF3:264 (1659): No man is saved, or doth witness salvation, but who is in the light Christ Jesus doth enlighten him with [John 1:9]. And they who are in the light, are in obedience of faith [Rom 16:26], a nd neglect not the gospel, nor the hearing the voice that speaks from heaven. But they that hate the light [John 3:20] ... do not come into the obedience of faith, but are in their own works, in the dark, without light.

This page added Nov 2007