Synoptic Gospels keyed to Henry Burton Sharman, Records of the Life of Jesus (§§1-16)

§1 ( * | * | Luk 1:1-4 )    index     qtext

§2 (Mat 1:1-17 | * | §19 Luk 3:23-38)     index     qtext

§3 ( Luk 1:5-25)      index     qtext

§4 (Luk 1:26-38)     index     qtext

§5 (Luk 1:39-56)     index     qtext

§6 (Mat 1:18-25)     index     qtext

§7 (Luk 1:57-80)     index     qtext

§8 (Luk 2:1-7)     index     qtext

§9 (Luk 2:8-20)     index     qtext

§10 (Luk 2:21-39)     index     qtext

§11 (Mat 2:1-12)     index     qtext

§12 (Mat 2:13-23)     index     qtext

§14-16 (Luk 2:40-52)      index     qtext

§1 ( * | * | Luk 1:1-4 )

Luk 1:1 Forasmuch as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration [G: set forth the story; T: compile a treatise] of those things which are most surely believed among us [G: whereof we are fully persuaded],      qtext

Luk 1:2 Even as they delivered [G: have delivered; T: declared] them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses [GBT: saw them theirselves], and ministers of the word [T: at the doing];     qtext

Luk 1:3 It seemed good to me [BT: I determined] also, having had perfect understanding of [GBT: as soon as I had searched out perfectly (BT: diligently)] all things from the very first [GBT: beginning], to write unto thee in order, most excellent [G: thee thereof from point to point, most noble; B: thee, most excellent; T: the good] Theophilus,     qtext

Luk 1:4 That thou mightest know [G: acknowledge] the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed [BT: whereof thou hast been (T: art) informed].


(Luk 1:1-3) GF4: 90

(Luk 1:1) GF3: 124, 145, 171, 525; JN1: 489, 516f; JN2:57; JN3: 18

(Luk 1:1f) EQ 331 (BC); WPR 333, WPT 239

(Luk 1:2) GF4: 93; GF7: 168 [176]; MFU 222

(Luk 1:3) RBA 441; RBAF 399; IP1: 329


(Luk 1:1)

[Other texts citing Luke 1:1: GF3:171 (John 1:1), JN1: 489 (1 Jn 1:3)]

(Luk 1:1f)

WPR 333f (1673): Luke says, that many took in hand to relate from eye-witnesses the things most surely believed, &c. [Luk 1:1f] Now ‛tis taken for granted that John wrote many years after Luke.... Matthew and Mark were not many; and to this day we see no more than these four in our Bibles, and therefore many such writings [were] lost; and if lost, then the Scriptures [are] not perfect; and if imperfect, how can they be the rule of faith, since the rule of faith must be perfect?

(Luk 1:2)

[Other texts citing Luk 1:2: GF4:93 (John 1:14), MFU 222 (Rom 1:14f)]

GF7:168 (1659): For they are all fallen spirits, and not ministers of the word [Luke 1:2], nor the gospel, nor of Christ that never fell [1 Pet 2:22], (which destroys the devil and his works [1 Jn 3:8] in the fall,) that are quarrelling, and siding, and disputing, and contending, and striving about outward things.

(Luk 1:3)

IP1:329f (1660): Object. But in the New Testament Luke styles Theophilus most excellent [Luk 1:3]; and Paul, speaking to Festus, said, Most noble Festus [Acts 26:25]; which are terms or expressions of honor and reference. Ans. Christ did promise his disciples and ministers that he would be with them, and give them what to say. Now if nobility and true excellency did appear in any persons, and he led them by his spirit to acknowledge it, this is no sufficient warrant for men to do the like in their own wills; or to give such titles to persons being in authority, whether they be such persons or no. Luke knew Theophilus to be excellent, and he was led by the spirit of God to style him excellent; for by the spirit of God he wrote the scripture, Luke 1:3, wherein he so styles him.


§2 (Mat 1:1-17 | * | §19 Luk 3:23-38)

1:1 [BT: +This is] The book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham.      qtext

1:16 And Jacob begat Joseph the husband of Mary, of whom was born Jesus, who is called Christ.     qtext

(Mat 1:1) GF7:87 [78]; GF8:226 [382]; MFU 173; JSS 40, 50

(Mat 1:16) IP3: 31


(Mat 1:1)

JSS 40 (17–): Christ is not only the son of David, and David the son of Abraham [Mat 1:1]; but Christ himself is the son, (strictly so in spirit,) both of Abraham and of David; yea, of all the holy fathers.

JSS 50: [Mat 1:1, see under Mat 1:23]

(Mat 1:16)

IP3:31 (1667): It hath pleased the Lord, as he manifested his Christ gloriously before the apostasy, so to manifest him again. For he was not only born (in the flesh) of the virgin Mary [Mat 1:16, 20-25]; but he was also born in the Spirit of the woman clothed with the sun, which had the moon under her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars [Rev 12:1]. She also brought forth the man-child, who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron [Rev 12:5].


§3 ( Luk 1:5-25)

Luk 1:5 There was in the days of Herod, the king of Judaea, a certain priest named Zacharias, of the course of Abia: and his wife was of the daughters of Aaron, and her name was Elisabeth.

Luk 1:6 And they were both righteous [G: just; T: perfect] before God, walking in all the commandments [BT: laws] and ordinances of the Lord blameless [G: without reproof; BT: that no man could find fault with them].

Luk 1:7 And they had no child, because that Elisabeth was barren, and they both were now well stricken in years [GBT: age] .     qtext

Luk 1:8 And it came to pass, that while he executed the priest's office before God in the order of his course,

Luk 1:9 According to the custom of the priest's office, his lot was to burn incense when he went into the temple of the Lord.

Luk 1:10 And the whole multitude of the people were praying without at the time of incense [GBT: without in prayer, while the incense was burning].

Luk 1:11 And there appeared unto him an angel of the Lord standing on the right side of the altar of incense.

Luk 1:12 And when Zacharias saw him, he was troubled [T: abashed], and fear fell [T: came] upon him.

Luk 1:13 But the angel said unto him, Fear not, Zacharias: for thy prayer is heard; and thy wife Elisabeth shall bear thee a son, and thou shalt call his name John.

Luk 1:14 And thou shalt have joy and gladness; and many shall rejoice at his birth.

Luk 1:15 For he shall be great in the sight of the Lord, and shall drink neither wine nor strong drink; and he shall be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother's womb.     qtext

Luk 1:16 And many of the children of Israel shall he turn to the Lord their God.

Luk 1:17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the disobedient [T: unbelievers] to the wisdom of the just [GBT: +men] ; to make ready a people prepared [B: ready a perfect people; T: the people ready] for the Lord.      qtext

Luk 1:18 And Zacharias said unto the angel, Whereby shall I know this? for I am an old man [BT: old], and my wife well stricken in years [G: is of great age].

Luk 1:19 And the angel answering said unto him, I am Gabriel, that stand in the presence of God; and am sent to speak unto thee, and to shew thee these glad tidings.

Luk 1:20 And, behold, thou shalt be dumb, and not able to speak, until the day that these things shall be performed [G: done], because thou believest not my words, which shall be fulfilled in their season.      qtext

Luk 1:21 And the people waited for Zacharias, and marvelled that he tarried so long in the temple.

Luk 1:22 And when he came out, he could not speak unto them: and they perceived that he had seen a vision in the temple: for he beckoned [G: made signs] unto them, and remained speechless [G: dumb].

Luk 1:23 And it came to pass, that [G: fourtuned] , as soon as the days of his ministration were accomplished [GBT: days (T: time) of his office were fulfilled (B: were out; T: was out)] , he departed to his own house.

Luk 1:24 And after those days his wife Elisabeth conceived, and hid herself five months, saying,

Luk 1:25 Thus hath the Lord dealt with me in the days wherein he looked on me, to take away my reproach [GBT: take from me my rebuke (T: the rebuke that I suffered)] among men.


(Luk 1:5-23) WPR 591; WPT 386

(Luk 1:5f) GF6: 440; IP4: 58; HPS 378 (EB)

(Luk 1:6) RBA 217; RBAF 164

(Luk 1:7-9) WPR 616

(Luk 1:7) GFT 176

(Luk 1:15) WPR 62

(Luk 1:16) LB (H5)

(Luk 1:17) JN1: 104; IP2: 30, 445

(Luk 1:20) GFJN 604

(Luk 1:24f) HPS 437 (EB)


(Luk 1:7f)

GF6: 440 (168-?): [Zechariah and Elizabeth examples of perfection.]

(Luk 1:15)

WPR 62: [Luk 1:15, see under Mat 3:4]

(Luk 1:17)

Other texts citing Luk 1:17: JN1:104 (under Mat 23:9)

IP2:30 (1660): it first pleased God to send the forerunner John the baptist, in the spirit and power of Elias, to prepare the way for the King and his Kingdom [Luk 1:17]; and then to send the King himself, in the fulness of his spirit, to gather disciples to him, and to furnish them with a competent measure of the same Spirit, to raise up a spiritual seed to him, in whom he would set up his kingdom, dwelling, walking, and reigning there....

(Luk 1:20)

GFJN 604 (1671): [cites Exo 20:1, Rev 22:18f, Luk 1:20 ("Because thou believest not my words"), etc. in support of calling Scripture the words, not word, of God.]


§4 (Luk 1:26-38)

Luk 1:26 And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee, named Nazareth,

Luk 1:27 To a virgin espoused [G: affianced] to a man whose name was Joseph, of the house of David; and the virgin's name was Mary.

Luk 1:28 And the angel came [GBT: went] in unto her, and said, Hail, thou that art highly favoured [GB: thou that art freely beloved; T: full of grace], the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women.      qtext

Luk 1:29 And when she saw him, she was troubled [T: abashed] at his saying, and cast in her mind [G: thought] what manner of salutation this should be.      qtext

Luk 1:30 And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour [BT: grace] with God.

Luk 1:31 And, behold [GT: For lo] , thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth [GBT: bear] a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.

Luk 1:32 He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest [G: most High]: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne [BT: seat] of his father David:      qtext

Luk 1:33 And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever; and of his kingdom there shall be no end.      qtext

xref [Luk 1:33, cf Dan 2:44]

Luk 1:34 Then said Mary unto the angel, How shall this be, seeing I know not a man?

Luk 1:35 And the angel answered and said unto her, The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest [G: most High] shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.      qtext

Luk 1:36 And, behold, thy cousin Elisabeth, she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her, who was called barren.

Luk 1:37 For with God nothing shall be impossible.      qtext

Luk 1:38 And Mary said, Behold the handmaid [G: servant; BT: handmaiden] of the Lord; be it unto me according to thy word [T: even as thou hast said]. And the angel departed from her.


(Luk 1:26-38) HPS 436 (EB)

(Luk 1:26-36) RBA 321

(Luk 1:26-33) GF4:297

(Luk 1:28f) WPR 136f

(Luk 1:30-35) GF5: 85; EQ 318 (BC)

(Luk 1:31) WPR 505

(Luk 1:32f) JN2: 569; IP3: 234, 382; IP4: 357

(Luk 1:33) GFJN 182; GF3: 279, 300, 560; GF4: 247; GF5: 416; GF6: 354, 486; GF7: 65 [49], 169 [178], 199 [203]; GF8:22 [277], 42 [292], 46 [298], 59 [307], 151 [352], 166 [359], 181 [361]; MFU 120, 389

(Luk 1:35) GF5: 150, 151; GFT 108? MFS 72; JN3: 95; IP3: 23, 46, 77, 95, 141; HPS 330; WPR 136f; JWJM 140; JSS 21, 37, 41, 47, 63, 67

(Luk 1:37) JN2: 204

(Luk 1:38) GF8: 105 [320]; WDS 104; JSS 21, 42; SIW 120


(Luk 1:28f)

[Other texts citing Luk 1:28f: WPR 136f (John 1:39)]

(Luk 1:32f)

IP3:234 (1672): And we own him to be the true and full light, and his outward appearance in that body, in the fulness of time, to fulfill the Father's will therein; and his appearance in Spirit and power in the hearts of his people in the day of the gospel; and his setting up his spiritual and glorious kingdom there, where he reigns as king on the throne of David [Luk 1:32f] over the spiritual Israel of God [Gal 6:16].

(Luk 1:33)

GF6:486 (168-?) and he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of his kingdom there is no end. Luk 1:33. And you do read that that some would not have Christ to rule over them, and what became of them that said, "We will not have this man to rule over us?" Luk 19:14. But these were not of the house of Jacob, the second birth; but of Esau, that profane person's birth, or nature [Heb 12:16].

GF8:151 (1678): Is not this the stone that became a great mountain, and fills the whole earth, which smote and broke to pieces the iron, clay, brass, silver, and gold image, or monarchs, which were as mountains [Dan 2:35]? And this stone which becomes a great mountain, sets up a kingdom which shall never have an end [Luke 1:33, cf Dan 2:44]. Is not this the kingdom of Christ, which Christ saith, "Except a man be born again he can neither see the kingdom of God, nor enter into it" [John 3:3,5].

(Luk 1:35) the holy thing, the thing itself

[Other texts citing Luk 1:35: GFT 108 (under Mat 5:13), IP3:95 (John 1:1), IP3:141 (Jude 1:8) WPR 136f (John 1:39), JSS 41 (Luk 1:38), JSS 47 (Luk 2:52)]

GF5:150 (1675): he is called the Messiah, the Immanuel [Isa 7:14], the Son of man, and the Holy Thing [Luk 1:35], and the Word of God [Rev 19:13], and the Amen [Rev 3:14], &c.

IP3:46 (1667): He that knoweth the substance, the seed of the kingdom, the birth of the Spirit, knoweth the flesh and blood which is of the seed.... For the flesh and blood of our nature was not his own naturally, but only as he pleased to take it upon him and make it his. But that whereof he formeth us, and which he giveth us to eat and drink, is the flesh and blood of his own nature.... Happy, oh happy is he that is of it, who is taken out of and formed of him (as Eve was of Adam), and so becomes flesh of his flesh, and bone of his bone [Gen 2:23]! Then will he know the mystery of life, feed on the thing itself [Luk 1:35], and not stumble about appearances and expressions, as those that our out of and from the thing itself do, through the darkness of their mind, and because of their ignorance of the thing spoken of in the Scriptures.

JWJM 139f (17–) [message by elderly Friend about increase in wealth in the RSOF over time]: marks of outward wealth and greatness appeared on many in our meetings of ministers and elders, and as these things became more prevalent, the powerful overshadowings of the Holy Ghost [Luk 1:35] were less manifest in the Society....

JSS 21 (17–) : The Father, by the overshadowing of the holy ghost [Luk 1:35] upon the willing mind, which embraces and yields to the visitations, operations, and wooings of his love, begetteth and produceth a true and real birth of divine life, a conception and birth of that which is truly and properly his only begotten forever, being one in all his spiritual offspring.

(Luk 1:37)

JN2:204 (1655): the least measure of him which comes from above ... is our present power, and in a measure of him we move and have our being [Acts 17:28], where nothing is impossible [Luk 1:37].

(Luk 1:38)

WDS 104 (1655): Justice Crook's wife is precious in her measure, and many of the handmaids of the Lord [Luk 1:38] are very beautiful in the power of our God, who is carrying his work over all, where he sends his children.

JSS 41f (17–): There must be an assent of the mind, a uniting with, and cleaving to the holy overshadowing [Luk 1:35] or regenerating influence of the holy ghost, in every soul where the new birth is effected. And even in the case of our Lord’s conception in the virgin, is was not without the hearty assent of her mind [Luk 1:38] ....

SIW 120 (Priscilla Hannah Gurney, 18–): I a state of quiet acquiescence; in which the language was virtually adopted, Be it to me according to thy will [Luk 1:38]....


§5 (Luk 1:39-56)

Luk 1:39 And Mary arose in those days, and went into the hill country [T: mountains] with haste, into a city of Juda;

Luk 1:40 And entered into the house of Zacharias, and saluted Elisabeth.

Luk 1:41 And it came to pass, that, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary, the babe leaped [GBT: sprang] in her womb [GT: belly]; and Elisabeth was filled with the Holy Ghost:

Luk 1:42 And she spake out [GBT: cried] with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and blessed is the fruit of thy womb [GB: because the fruit of thy womb is blessed].

Luk 1:43 And whence is [GB: cometh; T: happeneth] this to me, that the mother of my Lord should come to me?

Luk 1:44 For, lo, as soon as the voice of thy salutation sounded in mine ears, the babe leaped [GBT: sprang] in my womb [GT: belly] for joy.

Luk 1:45 And blessed is she [T: art thou] that believed: for there shall be a performance of those things [GBT: those things shall be performed] which were told her [T: thee] from the Lord.

Luk 1:46 And Mary said, My soul doth magnify [GBT: magnifieth] the Lord,      qtext

Luk 1:47 And my spirit hath rejoiced [GBT: rejoiceth] in God my Saviour.

Luk 1:48 For he hath regarded the low estate [GBT: looked on the poor (B: low) degree] of his handmaiden [G: servant]: for, behold, from henceforth all generations [G: ages] shall call me blessed.      qtext

Luk 1:49 For he that is mighty hath done to me great things; and holy is his name.

Luk 1:50 And his mercy is on them that fear him from generation to generation [T: throughout all generations].

Luk 1:51 He hath shewed strength with his arm; he hath scattered the [BT: them that are] proud in the imagination of their hearts.      qtext

Luk 1:52 He hath put [T: putteth] down the mighty from their seats, and exalted [T: exalteth] them of low degree.      qtext

Luk 1:53 He hath filled [T: filleth] the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent [T: sendeth] empty away.      qtext

Luk 1:54 He hath holpen his servant Israel, in remembrance of his mercy; [G: He hath upholden Israel his servant to be mindful of his mercy; T: He remembreth mercy: and helpeth hs servant Israel]

Luk 1:55 As he spake [G: As he hath spoken; BT: even as he promised] to our fathers, [G: +to wit, to] to Abraham, and to his seed for ever.

Luk 1:56 And Mary abode with her about three months, and returned to her own house.


(Luk 1:40-56) GF6: 189

(Luk 1:41-45) GF8: 105 [320]; HPS 437 (EB)

(Luk 1:42-55) GF4: 403; MFS 74

(Luk 1:46-55) RBA 342; RBAF 20 HPS 436f (EB)

(Luk 1:46-49) WTG 150 (EH)

(Luk 1:46-48) GF8: 105 [320], 141 [344]

(Luk 1:46) HPS 266

(Luk 1:46f) GFJN 9; GF3: 371; WPT 48

(Luk 1:47) GF3: 528; WPR 237; WTG 173, 250 (EH)

(Luk 1:47f) IP2: 344; WPR 638

(Luk 1:48) HPS 181, 510, 523; WTG 46 (SM), 296 (AM)

(Luk 1:49) WTG 150 (EH)

(Luk 1:51) JN1: 89; JN3: 100

(Luk 1:51f) GF2:284

(Luk 1:52) JN1: 143, 201; IP1: 293; HPS 35; EQ 58;WPR 638

(Luk 1:53) GFJN 125; GF7: 98 [90]; MFU 170; JN2: 602; JN3: 528; IP1: 16; IP4: 259; EQ 100 (WD); HPS 498; WPR 140, 576; WPR 359; WTG 46 (SM) [cf Psa 107:9; GFJN confl w Ezek 34:16]


(Luk 1:46-49)

WTG 150 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1748): The very Gospel Treasure seemed opened to us for which blessed visitation of Divine goodness my soul magnified [Luk 1:46] that Eternal power which createth and supporteth all things [Heb 1:2f] by whom his handmaids are noticed [Luk 1:48], that we have at times to say with the mother of our Lord to wit, for he that is mighty hath done to me great things, and holy is his name [Luk 1:49].

(Luk 1:46)

HPS 266f (Joan Vokins, 1691): ...I travelled by sea and land in the strength of the supporting Power to many places, whithersoever the Lord ordered me; and as I followed the line of his divine Light, he failed not to endow me with the renewing of his precious Power, and my soul hath cause to magnify it [Luk 1:46], because it enabled me to answer what the Lord required of me, and fitted me, who was most unfit, and the poorest and most helpless that I ever did see concerned in such a service.

(Luk 1:48)

HPS 510 (Katharine Whitton, 1681): O praises, praises to our God for evermore, for he hath had regard to the low estate of his hand-maids [Luk 1:48], and hath remembered our many tears, when we mourned apart for him as silly doves without mates [Isa 38:14/Hos 7:11], and hath visited with his love, & owned with his presence, which is better than life itself....

WTG 46: [Luk 1:48, see under Luk 1:53]

(Luk 1:51)

JN1:88f (1653): You pretended ministers of Christ, which do but conceive with an earthly power to hinder the proceedings of that which you conceive to be error, which is the eternal truth; and which conceivings arise out of pride; here it shows that you have not an infallible judgment; and as it is written, God will scatter the proud in their imaginations [Luk 1:51]; and there is your portion.

(Luk 1:52)

IP1 293 (1659): And this is the thing which the Lord hath determined to do, both particularly in persons, and generally throughout the earth; namely, to pull down the mighty from their seats, and to exalt the humble and meek [Luk 1:52] (who are made such by the presence and power of his life in them), that he alone may be exalted [Isa 2:11] in the spirits of his people, and throughout the earth. And this work hath the Lord begun already; for his great and notable Day [Acts 2:20] hath appeared, and breaketh forth apace, though the eye which is closed cannot see it, nor the benumbed sense feel it.

HPS 35 (Sarah Jones, 1650): ... look not at your own weakness, but look at him who is calling you in his eternal love, who will make the weak strong, and will pull down the mighty from their seat [Luk 1:52].

(Luk 1:53)

[Other texts citing Luk 1:53: IP1:16 (Mat 5:3), IP4: 258f (John 7:38)]

GFJN 125 (16–): Yet after this many priests and professors came to me from far and nigh, of whom the simple-minded and innocent were satisfied and went away refreshed, but the fat and full were fed with judgment and sent empty away [Ezek 34:16 / Luk 1:53].

WPR 140 (1677): Neither doth the Lord cause people to hunger and thirst after him, and not fill them with his good things [Luk 1:53].

WTG 46 (Susanna Morris, 1725): [The Lord] so placed his fear in my heart that I durst not withstand his requirings, but often grumbled because of my own poverty and (as I often thought) unfitness. But I found the Lord was near his poor handmaid [Luk 1:48] and filled the hungry with good things; and furnished matter for his work’s sakes [Luk 1:53]....


§6 (Mat 1:18-25)

Mat 1:18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise [G: thus]: When as his mother Mary was espoused [GBT: betrothed] to Joseph, before they came [T: +to dwell] together, she was found with child of [T: by] the Holy Ghost.

Mat 1:19 Then Joseph her husband, being a just [B: righteous; T: perfect] man, and not willing to make her a publick example, was minded to put her away privily [GT: secretly].

Mat 1:20 But while he thought on these things [T: thus thought], behold, the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a dream, saying, Joseph, thou son of David, fear not to take unto thee [G: omits] Mary thy wife: for that which is conceived in her is of the Holy Ghost.      qtext

Mat 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.      qtext

Mat 1:22 Now all this was done, that it might be fulfilled [T: to fulfill that] which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying,

Mat 1:23 Behold, a virgin shall be with child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel, which being interpreted is [GBT: is by interpretation], God with us.      qtext

xref [cf Isa 7:14]

Mat 1:24 Then Joseph being raised from [T: as soon as he awoke out of] sleep did as the angel of the Lord had bidden [G: had enjoined; T: bade] him, and took unto him [GB: omit] his wife:

Mat 1:25 And [G: But he] knew her not till she had brought forth her firstborn [T: first] son: and he [BT: omit] called his name JESUS.


(Mat 1:18-23) GF5:84f

(Mat 1:18) EQ 318 (BC)

(Mat 1:18-20) JSS 46f

(Mat 1:20-25) IP3:31

(Mat 1:20) GFJN 312, 602; GF3: 463 GF7:244 [230], 321 [262]; GFT 138, 176

(Mat 1:21-25) WPT 181

(Mat 1:21) GF3:448; GF5:71; JN1:191; IP1:314; IP2:120; EQ 328 (BC); HPS 383 (EB); WPR 305, 575; WPT 90, 200, 228; JSS 67

(Mat 1:22) GF5:285

(Mat 1:23) GFJN 604; GF3:67, 338; GF4:164; GF6:381; GF7:125 [130], 321 [262]; GFT 218, 229; JN3: 725 (RR), 733, 737f (GF); IP3:159, 301; HPS 72; 440 (EB); WPR 505; WPT 90, 200, 228; JSS 50 [cf Isa 7:14]


(Mat 1:20-25)

IP3:31: [Mat 1:20-25, see under Mat 1:16]

(Mat 1:20)

[Other texts citing Mat 1:20: GF3:463 (John 10:30)]

GFJN 312 (16–): Therefore let him reign, whose right it is [Ezek 21:27], who was conceived by the Holy Ghost [Mat 1:20], by which Holy Ghost you call him Lord [1 Cor 12:3], in which Holy Ghost you pray [Jude 1:20], and by which Holy Ghost you have comfort [John 14:26] and fellowship with the Son and with the Father.

GF7: 321 (1668): And Christ, who was conceived of the Holy Ghost [Mat 1:20], born of the Virgin [Mat 1:23], he is known by the Holy Ghost again, which led the holy men of God to give forth scriptures [2 Pet 1:21]; which now leads into all truth [John 16:13].

(Mat 1:21)

[Other texts citing Mat 1:21: WPR 305 (Mat 12:29)]

IP2:120 (1660): Christ had the name Jesus given to him, because he was to save the people from their sins [Mat 1:21]; and no man can truly and livingly know the name Jesus, further than he feels the saving virtue of it; but he that effectually feels the virtue, he indeed knows the name, and can bow at the name [Phil 3:10], feeling his lusts and enemies bowed under by the power thereof, and that raised up in him, which can worship the Father in the Spirit and in the truth [John 4:23f].

JSS 67 (17–): "She shall bring forth a son, and thou shalt call his name Jesus (a saviour,) for he shall save his people from their sins." [Mat 1:21] He could not possibly save them in their sins.

(Mat 1:23)

[Other texts citing Mat 1:23: GF7:321 Mat 1:20]

GFT 218 (1681): [Continued from under John 3:16] So now Friends, man being drove from God [Gen 3:24], the seed of the woman bruises the head of the serpent [Gen 3:15] that so man may come back again to God. And therefore, every man and woman must feel this Emmanuel (God with us) [Mat 1:23] in them, for it’s not professing the saints’ words and painting their sepulchers as the scribes and Pharisees did [Mat 23:29].

HPS 440 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): Although the woman was first in transgression, which brought in death, yet was she made by the power of the Lord, to bring in him who is the resurrection and the life [John 11:25]: For this was the promise of the Father, that the seed of the woman should bruise the serpent’s head, Gen 3:15. And it is long since fulfilled: For in the fulness of time Christ came, being born of a woman, to wit, the Virgin Mary [Mat 1:23]. So that it may be said, As by woman came in the transgression and degeneration, so by woman came in the reconciliation and restoration, to wit, Christ who came of the woman's seed: He it is, who is the healer of breaches [Psa 60:2, Amos 9:11] and restorer of our paths [Isa 58:12]: And in him male and female are made all one [Gal 3:28].

JSS 50 (17–): But generating (we may use the word generation, for Matthew calls his book, "the book of the generation of Jesus Christ [Mat 1:1],") I say, generating with the life of man, the everlasting Father takes upon, and unites unto himself our life and nature; and thus brings forth the Emmanuel state, God with man [Mat 1:23].


§7 (Luk 1:57-80)

Luk 1:57 Now Elisabeth's full time came [G: time was fulfilled; B: time came; T: time was come] that she should be delivered; and she brought forth a son.

Luk 1:58 And her neighbours and her cousins heard [GT: +tell] how the Lord had shewed great mercy upon her; and they rejoiced with her.

Luk 1:59 And it came to pass [G: was so; T: fortuned], that on the eighth day they came to circumcise the child; and they called him Zacharias, after the name of his father.

Luk 1:60 And his mother answered and said, Not so; but he shall be called John.

Luk 1:61 And they said unto her, There is none of thy kindred [T: kin] that is called by [GBT: named with] this name.

Luk 1:62 And they made signs to his father, how he would have him called.

Luk 1:63 And he asked for a writing table, and wrote, saying, His name is John. And they marvelled all.

Luk 1:64 And his mouth was opened immediately, and his tongue loosed [G: omits; T: also], and he spake, and praised God.      qtext

Luk 1:65 And fear came on all that dwelt round about [G: near unto; BT: nigh unto] them: and all these sayings [G: words] were noised abroad throughout all the hill country of Judaea.

Luk 1:66 And all they that heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, What manner of child shall this be! And the hand of the Lord was with him.

Luk 1:67 And his father Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying,

Luk 1:68 Blessed be the Lord God of Israel; for he hath visited and redeemed his people,      qtext

Luk 1:69 And hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of his servant David;      qtext

Luk 1:70 As he spake by the mouth of his holy prophets, which have been since the world began:

Luk 1:71 That we should be saved [G: he would send us deliverance; B: he would save us] from our enemies, and from the hand of all that hate us;

Luk 1:72 To perform the mercy promised to [G: That he might shew mercy towards; B: That he would deal mercifully with; T: To fulfill the mercy promsed to] our fathers, and to remember his holy covenant;

Luk 1:73 [BT: +And that he would (T: to) perform] The oath which he sware to our father Abraham, [BT: +for to give us]

Luk 1:74 [G: +Which was] That he would grant unto us [BT: omit], that we being delivered out of the hand of our enemies might serve him without fear,

Luk 1:75 In [BT: +such] holiness and righteousness [BT: +as are accepted] before him, all the days of our life.

Luk 1:76 And thou, child [G: babe] , shalt be called the prophet of the Highest [G: most High] : for thou shalt go before the face of the Lord to prepare his ways;

Luk 1:77 To give knowledge of salvation unto his people by the remission of their [T: for the remission of] sins,

Luk 1:78 Through the tender mercy of our God; whereby the dayspring from on high hath visited us,      qtext

Luk 1:79 To give light to them that sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, to guide our feet into the way of peace.      qtext

Luk 1:80 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, and was in the deserts [GBT: wilderness] till the day of his shewing [GBT: came that (BT: when) he should show himself] unto Israel [BT: the Israelites] .


(Luk 1:64) WDS 182f

(Luk 1:67-80) RBA 342

(Luk 1:68) IP4: 163

(Luk 1:69) IP1: 232; IP3: 185; WPR 366

(Luk 1:69f) IP2: 483

(Luk 1:72-75) IP2: 445

(Luk 1:74f) IP1: 319; WPR 238f; WPT 52

(Luk 1:76) IPL 45

(Luk 1:77) JN3: 534 (FH&EB)

(Luk 1:77f) JSS 12

(Luk 1:78) GFJN 36, 271, 669; GF8: 235 [388]; GFEJ 420; GFT 62, 76, 117; JN3: 320; 550 (GB); IP2: 72, 74, 203, 344 363; IP3: 205, 287, 355, 362; IP4: 163; IPL 45; HPS 333, 505; EQ 483; WPR 116, 575; WTG 206 (EH)

(Luk 1:78f) GFT 62; IP2: 298; IP3: 242; DFR 92; WPT 356

(Luk 1:79) GF3: 122, 373, 526; GF7: 44 [37], 252 [232], 275 [245]; DGA 68; JN1: 99, 104, 108; JN3: 439; IP2: 3, 298; IP4: 125; HPS 351, 388 (EB); WPT 290; WTG 305 (AM)


(Luk 1:64)

[Other texts citing Luk 1:64: WDS 182f (John 21:15)]

(Luk 1:68)

IP4:163 (1671): And God is our witness that no stubbornness, wilfulness, or contempt of authority, engageth us in the least to continue, through many sufferings, in this way of meeting together to worship our God; but only obedience to the gospel and power of Christ, which we have found this visitation and ministration of life from on high to be to us, by redeeming us out of sin [Luk 1:78, 68], and from the spirit of this world [1 Cor 2:12].

(Luk 1:69)

IP1:232 (1659): Leave defending your faith and church by the beast's horns, and come to that faith and church which is received, gathered, and defended by Christ, the One Horn of Salvation [Luk 1:69].

WPR 366 (1672): at that very time, when that delusive spirit was making havoc of thousands, who placed freedom in sinning innocently (as they counted it) ... did the Lord God of purity ... raise up his ancient horn of salvation among us [Luk 1:69]....

(Luk 1:78)

[Other texts citing Luk 1:78: GFT 62 (John 9:4), IP3: 287 (2 Pet 1:19), IP3:355 (Rev 22:16), IP3:362 (John 6:44f), IP4:163 ( Luk 1:68), HPS 333 (Heb 7:3)]

GFJN 36 (16 ): But the Lord's power carried me over all to his glory, and many came to be turned to God in a little time; for the heavenly day of the Lord sprang from on high [Luk 1:78], and broke forth apace; by the light of which many came to see where they were.

(Luk 1:78f)

GFT 62 (1674): As outwardly, so inwardly, the day springs from on high [Luk 1:78]. People have been in darkness enough [Luk 1:79]. When immortality is brought to light [2 Tim 1:10], then this day springs, the day from on high. That know, and the shadows and clouds to fly away when the morning breaks [Song 2:17], then the "son of righteousness" arises [Mal 4:2] with his heavenly praises! So now this day is sprung from on high.

DFR 92 (1777): I cannot ... do less than press all Friends ... to dwell low, to take heed ... to their living, and walking, as becomes an enlightened people, who have been visited by the Dayspring from on high, to give light to them that sit in darkness, and in the shadow of death [Luk 1:78f]....

(Luk 1:79)

[Other texts citing Luk 1:79: WTG 305 (Heb 10:20)]

GF3:373 (1659): And I say, such as sit under the shadow of darkness [Luk 1:79] shall feel, if they do but hearken and listen; and such whose hearts are bad shall feel him searching and checking them.... Such then should come to know their soul's progress, which is an inward travail, before it come into its bishop, Christ [1 Pet 2:25]....

IP4:125 (1671): The Lord make thee sensible of the visits, drawings, and leadings of his Holy Spirit, and guide thy feet thereby into the way of truth and peace [Luk 1:79]. Amen.

HPS 351 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): This is that Word to whom the scriptures directs us, as a light unto our feet, and a lanthorn unto our paths [Psa 119:105], to guide our feet in the way of peace [Luk 1:79]; the very entrance of which giveth light; yea, it giveth understanding to the simple [Psa 119:130].


§8 (Luk 2:1-7)

Luk 2:1 And it came to pass [T: chanced] in those days, that there went out [G: came] a decree [BT: commandment] from Caesar Augustus [GB: Augustus Caesar; T: August the Emperor], that all the world should be taxed.

Luk 2:2 (And this taxing was first made [GB: first taxing was made; T: taxing was the first and executed] when Cyrenius was governor of [BT: leftenant in] Syria.)

Luk 2:3 And all went to be taxed, every one [GBT: man] into his own city.

Luk 2:4 And Joseph also went up from Galilee, out of the city of [GT: a city called] Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David, which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)

Luk 2:5 To be taxed with Mary his espoused [G that was given him to] wife, being great [GBT: which was] with child.

Luk 2:6 And so it was, that, [T: it fortuned] while they were there, the days were accomplished [T: her time was come] that she should be delivered.

Luk 2:7 And she brought forth her firstborn [GBT: first begotten] son, and wrapped him in swaddling clothes, and laid him in a manger [G: cratch]; because there was no room for them in the inn.      qtext


(Luk 2:1-20) GF6: 189

(Luk 2:4-12) GF6: 112

(Luk 2:7) GF3: 508; GF4: 291, 318; GF5: 85; GF7: 216 [216], 289 [249]; GF8: 105 [320]; GFT 229; JN2: 230; WPR 35, 604; WPT 409; JSS 35f


(Luk 2:7)

[Other texts citing Luk 2:7: GF4:318 (under Luk 2:16), GF8:105 (Luk 2:19), WPR 35 (John 4:29), JSS 35f (Mat 8:20)]

GF7:216 (1661): And fetters, irons, whippings, stripes, and spoilings of goods, and the like cruelties and persecutions have not daunted ye, whose courage, valiantness, and boldness for the truth [Jer 9:3], have much appeared among a crooked and perverse generation [Deut 32:5], that professed Christ, and among whom he hath not had so much place of entertainment as in their manger in the outward [Luke 2:7] ....

GFT 229 (1681): Oh, let him come into your hearts that came from the bosom of the Father [John 1:18]! Let him have room! What room had he among the outward professing Jews but in the manger [Luk 2:7]? Let him have room in your hearts, for he has but a little room in the professors without possession who will not receive his light, for he hath no room in the proud, lofty mind.

WPR 604 (1694): Oh that you, who are called Christians, would receive him into your heart! for there it is you want him, and at that door he stands knocking [Rev 3:20], but you do not open to him; you are full of other guests, so that a manger is his lot among you now, as well as of old.....


§9 (Luk 2:8-20)

Luk 2:8 And there were in the same country shepherds abiding in the field, keeping watch over [BT: and watching] their flock by night.

Luk 2:9 And, lo, the angel of the Lord came upon [BT: stood hard by] them, and the glory [T: brightness] of the Lord shone round about them: and they were sore afraid.      qtext

Luk 2:10 And the angel said unto them, Fear not [GBT: Be not afraid]: for, behold, I bring you good [G: glad; BT omit] tidings of great joy, which shall be [BT: come] to all people.      qtext

Luk 2:11 For unto you is born this day in the city of David a Saviour, which is Christ the Lord.

Luk 2:12 And this shall be a sign unto you [BT: take this for a sign]; Ye shall find the babe wrapped in swaddling clothes [GT: swaddled], lying [GBT: and laid] in a manger [G: cratch].

Luk 2:13 And suddenly [GBT: straightway] there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host [GBT: heavenly soldiers] praising [T: lauding] God, and saying,

Luk 2:14 Glory [G: +be] to God in the highest [G: in the high heavens; BT: on high], and on earth peace, good will toward men [T: unto men rejoicing] .      qtext

Luk 2:15 And it came to pass [T: fortuned] , as [G: when; BT: as soon as] the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass [T: that is happened], which the Lord hath made known [GBT: shewed] unto us.

Luk 2:16 And they came with haste, and found Mary, and Joseph, and the babe lying [GBT: laid] in a manger [G: the cratch].      qtext

Luk 2:17 And when they had seen it, they made known GBT: published] abroad the saying [G: thing] which was told them concerning this [GPT of that] child.

Luk 2:18 And all they that heard it wondered at those things which were told them by the shepherds.

Luk 2:19 But Mary kept all these things [GPT those sayings], and pondered them in her heart.      qtext

xref [Luk 2:19, cf Luk 2:51]

Luk 2:20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising [BT: praising and lauding] God for all the things [GT: omit] that they had heard and seen, as it was told [G: spoken] unto them.


(Luk 2:1-20) GF6: 189

(Luk 2:4-12) GF6: 112

(Luk 2:8-17) GF5: 197

(Luk 2:8-14) RBA 321

(Luk 2:8-10) GF3: 563

(Luk 2:9) HPS 176

(Luk 2:10-33) WPT 181

(Luk 2:10) JN3: 26f; RBA 104; RBAF 79; WTG 129 (EH)

(Luk 2:10f) GF4: 47; LB (H1); JN1: 219 (GF)

(Luk 2:11) GF5: 85; WPR 313; WPT 106

(Luk 2:14) GF3: 278, 300; GF4: 181; GF7:86 [75]; MFU 158; JN3: 735 (GF); IP4: 250; EQ 107 (JN); HPS 73; RBA 104; WTG 74 (SM); SIW 171

(Luk 2:16) GF4: 318; GF5: 85

(Luk 2:19) GF8: 105 [320]; RBA 163, 260


(Luk 2:9)

HPS 175f (Katharine Evans & Sarah Chevers, 1662): And the man with the black rod, and the keeper, took us, and put us into an inner room in the Inquisition, which had but two little holes in it for light or air; but the glory of the Lord did shine round about us [Luk 2:9].

(Luk 2:10)

RBA 104 (1678, V/VI:6): It is [the doctrine of universal redemption] which maketh the preaching of Jesus Christ to be truly termed the Gospel, or an annunciation of glad tidings to all. Thus the angel declared the birth and coming of Christ to the shepherds to be (Luk 2:10), "Behold, I bring you good tidings of great joy, which shall be to all people": he saith not to a few people. Now if this coming of Christ had not brought a possibility of salvation to all it should rather have been accounted bad tidings of great sorrow to most people; neither should the angel had reason to have sung "Peace on earth and good will towards men" [Luk 2:14] if the greatest part of mankind had been necessarily shut out from receiving any beniefit by it.

WTG 129 (Elizabeth Hudson, 17–): many of the Lord’s servants were sent with glad tidings of great joy [Luk 2:10]

(Luk 2:14)

[Other texts citing Luk 2:14: GF3: 300 (Heb 6:13-16), RBA 104 (under Luk 2:10)]

GF7:85f (1654): And take heed of highmindedness [Rom 11:20], for that will puff up that part which should not be exalted; and if that come up to rule which is for judgment, then it will do hurt. But when he comes to reign whose right it is [Ezek 21:27], then peace and good will are unto all men [Luke 2:14]; and no hurt in all the holy mountain of the Lord [Isa 11:9] is seen.

SIW 171 (Ann Crowley, 18–): Surely in that happy day, the cruelty of man will cease, and oppression of fellow mortals, or the brute creation, will be known no more, but the harmonizing influence of divine love will be the main spring of every action, and works of righteousness will be be in accordance with that angelic language, [quotes Luk 2:14]

(Luk 2:16)

GF4:318 (1663): The wise men found Mary and Joseph, and Christ [Mat 2:11] laid in the cratch, or manger [Luk 2:16], no room for him at the inn [Luk 2:7]; Joseph a carpenter; Christ was called a carpenter [Mar 6:3], and a carpenter's son [Mat 13:55]; you turn such into the stable, Luk 2:16.

(Luk 2:19)

GF8:105 (1676): And you may see in Luke ii. 7. how Mary wrapped Christ in swaddling-clothes [Luke 2:7], and how tender she was of the heavenly birth, conceived by the holy ghost. And so must all true and tender christians, that receive him in the spirit: and how she kept all the sayings that were spoken of Christ, and pondered them in her heart [Luke 2:19]. Verse 19. And so should every true christian.

RBA 260 (1678, X:18): Though then we make not human learning necessary, yet we are far from excluding true learning, to wit, that learning which proceedeth from the inward teachings and instructions of the Spirit, whereby the soul learneth the secret ways of the Lord, becomes acquainted with the many inward travels and exercises of the mind, and learneth by a living experience how to overcome evil and the temptations of it by following the Lord and walking in his light, and waiting daily for wisdom and knowledge immediately from the revelations thereof, and so layeth up these heavenly and divine lessons in the good treasure of the heart as honest Mary did the sayings which she heard and things which she observed [Luk 2:19, 51]....


§10 (Luk 2:21-39)

Luk 2:21 And when eight days were accomplished for the circumcising of the child [BT: the eighth day was come, that the child should be circumcised] , his name was called JESUS, which was so named of the angel before he was conceived in the womb.

Luk 2:22 And when the days of her [T: time of their] purification according to [GBT: after] the law of Moses were accomplished [T: was come], they brought him to Jerusalem, to present him to the Lord;

Luk 2:23 (As it is written in the law of the Lord, Every male that [GBT: man child that first] openeth the womb [T: matrix] shall be called holy to the Lord;)

Luk 2:24 And to offer a sacrifice according to that which is said [G: give an oblation, as it is commanded; BT: offer, as it is said] in the law of the Lord, A pair of turtledoves, or two young pigeons.

Luk 2:25 And, behold, there was a man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon; and the same man was just and devout [GT: feared God; B: godly], waiting [G: and waited; B: and looked; T: and longed] for the consolation of Israel: and the Holy Ghost was upon him.      qtext

Luk 2:26 And it was revealed unto him by [G: it was declared to him from God by; BT: a revelation (T: an answer) was given him of] the Holy Ghost, that he should not see death, before he had seen the Lord's Christ [G: that Anointed of the Lord] .

Luk 2:27 And he came by the Spirit [G: the motion of the Spirit; BT: inspiration] into the temple: and when the parents brought in the child [G: babe] Jesus, to do for him after the custom of the law,

Luk 2:28 Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and [GB: praised God, and; T: omits] said,

Luk 2:29 Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word [BT: promise]:

Luk 2:30 For mine eyes have seen thy salvation [T: the saviour sent from thee],

Luk 2:31 Which thou hast prepared before the face of all people;

Luk 2:32 A light to lighten [GB: be revealed to] the Gentiles, and the glory of thy people Israel.      qtext

Luk 2:33 And Joseph and his mother marvelled at those things which were spoken of [G: touching] him.

Luk 2:34 And Simeon blessed them, and said unto Mary his mother, Behold, this child is set for [G: is appointed for; B: is set to be; T: shall be] the fall and rising again [B: uprising again; T: resurrection] of many in Israel; and for a sign which shall be [B: is] spoken against;      qtext

Luk 2:35 (Yea, a [BT: And moreover the] sword shall pierce through thy own soul also [G: through thy soul; BT: thy soul],) that the thoughts of many hearts may be revealed [GBT: opened].      qtext

Luk 2:36 And there was one Anna, a prophetess, the daughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Aser: she was of a great age, and had lived with an husband seven years from her virginity;      qtext

Luk 2:37 And she was a widow of about fourscore and four years, which departed not from [BT: went not (T: never) out of] the temple, but served God with fastings and prayers night and day.

Luk 2:38 And she coming in that instant gave thanks likewise unto [GB: she coming at the same instant upon them, confessed likewise; T: the same came forth that same hour and praised] the Lord, and spake of him to all them that looked for redemption in Jerusalem.

Luk 2:39 And when they had performed all things according to the law of the Lord, they returned into Galilee, to their own city Nazareth.


(Luk 2:25-38) RBA 321

(Luk 2:25-32) GF4: 123; GF5: 232

(Luk 2:25) WPR 167, 574, 591; WPT 74, 355, 387

(Luk 2:28-32) GF5: 85, 219f

(Luk 2:29-32) RBA 342; EQ 319 (BC)

(Luk 2:30-32) GF4: 117; JN3: 431

(Luk 2:32) GF3:254, 279; GF4: 57, 66; GF5: 232; MFS 86; JN3: 395, 432; HPS 319; WPR 616; WPT 291; WTG 372 (AM)

(Luk 2:34-38) GF5: 148

(Luk 2:34) JN2: 230, 316; JN3: 723 (RR)

(Luk 2:35) GF5: 239; JN1: 119 (GF)

(Luk 2:36-38) GF4: 107; GF5: 232; GF8: 40 [291], 105 [320], 170 [360]; MFS 71; HPS 437 (EB); WPR 591; WPT 387


(Luk 2:25)

[Other texts citing Luk 2:25: WPR 167 (under Luk 14:18-20)

WPR 574, WPT 355 (1694): ... for want of staying their minds [Isa 26:3] in an humble dependence upon Him that opened their understandings, to see great things in His law [Hos 8:12], they ran out in their imaginations [Jer 23:17], and mixing them with those divine openings, brought forth a monstrous birth, to the scandal of those that feared God, and waited daily in the temple, not made with hands [Acts 7:48] for the consolation of Israel [Luk 2:25]; the Jew inward, and circumcision in Spirit [Rom 2:29].

(Luk 2:32)

GF5:232 (1676): [Quotes Luk 2:32] And now mark, all ye that stumble so much about Christ, the light, which lighteth every one that cometh into the world [John 1:9], who is the glory of Israel [Luk 2:32]; it seems Christ the light is not revealed to you, your darkness cannot comprehend it [John 1:5], which we witness and believe in, and see this glory of Israel, and so are become children of the light [John 12:36]; and so you are they that stumble at the light at noonday [Isa 59:10], and at revelation, for all your learning and knowledge of tongues, wisdom, and understanding; this light to be revealed to the Gentiles you stumble at....

HPS 319 (Rebecca Travers, 1669): those that ... bring forth, without being learned of the Light, have filled the world with errors and falsehoods; Babel indeed, and thou a chief builder therein [Gen 11:1-9], ignorant of the Covenant of Light, Christ the Covenant to God's people, and a Light to the Gentiles to the ends of the earth [Isa 42:6, 49:6, Luk 2:32]....

WTG 372 (Ann Moore, 1778): yea it was a time in which God’s mercy in sending his Son a light into the world [John 1:9], a light to lighten the Gentiles, and the glory of his people [Luke 2:32] were spoken to....

(Luk 2:34)

[Other texts citing Luk 2:34: JN2:230 (Heb 13:13)]

JN2:316 (1655): ...Christ in his wants and wanderings, hunger and nakedness, mocking, buffeting, stocking, stoning, prisonings, in his temptings, fasting, whippings, banishings out of towns and cities, and countries, as a sign to be spoken against everywhere [Luke 2:34], a stumbling stone and rock of offence [Isa 8:14] to all sorts of professions, especially to the wisest, as the offscouring, scum, and filth of the world [1 Cor 4:13], and a gazing-stock [Heb 10:33] wherever he comes in the flesh; so he is to this day, who suffers the opposition of all the wicked; this is his glory, and this is his joy in this world, wherein we rejoice to be counted worthy to suffer with him [Acts 25:41]....

(Luk 2:35)

JN1:119 (George Fox, 1653): I speak that which will witness with me in the end, when the thoughts of every man's heart shall be revealed [Luk 2:35], and the book of conscience shall be opened....

(Luk 2:36-38)

GF8:105 (1676): And there was Anna a prophetess, which was eighty-four years old, who departed not from the temple, but served God with fasting and prayer night and day, "and she gave thanks unto the Lord, and spoke of Christ unto all that looked for redemption in Israel" [Luke 2:36-38]; she spoke of Christ. Here was a notable old woman of eighty-four years of age, a preacher and declarer of Christ. And you do not read that ever any despised her, or said, it was forbidden for a woman to speak in the church [1 Cor 14:34f]. But this woman is set forth for an example to all young and old women, of her love to Christ her saviour; and not only so, but a preacher of him to all that looked for redemption in Israel.


§11 (Mat 2:1-12)

Mat 2:1 Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea [G: in Judea; B: a city of Jewry; T: in Jewry] in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,      qtext

Mat 2:2 Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.

Mat 2:3 When Herod the king had heard these things [G: heard this], he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with him.

Mat 2:4 And when he had gathered [G: gathering] all the chief priests and scribes of the people together, he demanded [GT: asked] of them where Christ should be born.      qtext

Mat 2:5 And they said unto him, In Bethlehem of Judaea [BT: in Jewry]: for thus [G: so] it is written by the prophet,      qtext

Mat 2:6 And thou Bethlehem, in the land of Juda [T: Jewry], art not the least among the princes of Juda: for out of thee shall come a Governor [G: the governor; B: a captain; T: the captain], that shall rule [G: feed; BT: govern] my people Israel.

xref [cf Micah 5:2]

Mat 2:7 Then Herod, when he had [GT: omit] privily called the wise men, [GT: +and diligiently] enquired of them diligently what time the star [GT: the time of the star that] appeared.

Mat 2:8 And he sent them to Bethlehem, and said [GT: saying], Go and search diligently for the young child; and when ye have found him, bring me word again, that I may come and worship him also.

Mat 2:9 When they had heard the king, they departed; and, lo, the star, which they saw [G: had seen] in the east, went before them, till it came and stood over where the young child [G: babe; T: child] was.

Mat 2:10 When they saw the star, they rejoiced with exceeding great joy [T: were marvelously glad].

Mat 2:11 And when they were come [GBT: went] into the house, they saw [GBT: and found] the young child [G: babe; T: child] with Mary his mother, and fell down, and worshipped him: and when they had [GBT: omit] opened their treasures, they [GBT: and] presented [T: offered] unto him gifts; gold, and frankincense, and myrrh.      qtext

Mat 2:12 And being [GBT: after they were] warned of God in a dream that they should not return [GBT: go again] to Herod, they departed [GBT: returned] into their own country another way.


(Mat 2) JN3: 693 (RR), 735 (GF)

(Mat 2:1-12) GF6:185

(Mat 2:1-6) GF5:71

(Mat 2:1-5) GF4:295

(Mat 2:1-4) GF5:85; JN1:156

(Mat 2:1) GF7: 252 [232]

(Mat 2:3-6) GF3:233

(Mat 2:3-5) JN1:115

(Mat 2:4f) GF4: 95

[Mat 2:6 cf Micah 5:2]

(Mat 2:11) GF4: 318; JN3: 560 (X)

(Mat 2:12) JN3: 571 (TS)


(Mat 2:1)

GF7:252 (1664): The new life was in Adam that never fell, who was born in Bethlehem [Mat 2:1]. Beth is a house and lathem is bread, where the fulness is [Ezek 16:49?], who will dry up the river Euphrates with its froth [Rev 16:12], which hath run so up and down among the sons of Adam; that people may drink of him at the fountain, the water of life [Rev 21:6]....

(Mat 2:4f)

GF4:95 (1656): [quotes Mat 2:4f] now here the chief priests which had the writings of the prophets and the scriptures, with which they could tell where Christ should be born, and with it give answer to Herod at his demand, yet they knew not the word....

(Mat 2:11)

GF4:318: [Mat 2:11, see under Luk 2:16]

(Mat 2:12)

JN3:571f (Thomas Simmonds, 1656): [The Lord] was with me in my journey & brought me in peace to this place, and warned me in the night at Exeter not to return by Bristol, but to go straight way to London [cf Mat 2:12]; & M[artha] S[immonds] as I was upon the way, I saw thee in the light, going before on the left hand, which was toward Bristol, and my love was to thee, none else did I see, which made me think thou wast coming along towards London; surely thou wast the chief leader in that action.


§12 (Mat 2:13-23)

Mat 2:13 And when they were departed [G: After their departure], behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth [BT: appeared] to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise, and take the young child [G: babe; T: child (2x)] and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou [G: be; T: abide] there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him.

Mat 2:14 When [G: So; T: Then] he arose, he [GT: and] took the young child [G: babe; T: child] and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt:

Mat 2:15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled [T: to fulfil that] which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt have I called my son.      qtext

xref [cf Hos 11:1]

Mat 2:16 Then Herod, when he saw [G: seeing; T: perceiving] that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the [G: +male] children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from [BT: as many as were] two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired [GBT: searched out] of the wise men.      qtext

Mat 2:17 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet [GT: the prophet Jeremias], saying,

Mat 2:18 In Rama [T: on the hills] was there a voice heard, lamentation [GT: mourning], and weeping, and great mourning [G: howling; T: lamentation], Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are [GBT: were] not.

xref [cf Jer 31:15]

Mat 2:19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the Lord appeareth [BT: appeared] in a dream to Joseph in Egypt,

Mat 2:20 Saying, Arise, and take the young child [G: babe; T: child] and his mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young child's [G: babe’s; T: child’s] life.

Mat 2:21 And he arose, and took the young child [G: babe; T: child] and his mother, and came into the land of Israel.

Mat 2:22 But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea [BT: Jewry] in the room [G: stead] of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding [G: yet], being [GBT: after he was] warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee:

Mat 2:23 And he came [GBT: went] and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled [T: to fulfill that] which was spoken by the prophets, He shall be called a Nazarene [GBT: Nazarite].

xref [cf Judg 13:5]


(Mat 2:13-15) GF5:72

(Mat 2:13) HPS 180

(Mat 2:15f) GF7: 54 [45]

(Mat 2:16) GF2: 206; JN1: 115; IP1: 69; WPR 592; JWJM 231

(Mat 2:16f) GF5:71f


(Mat 2:15f)

[Other texts citing Mat 2:15f: GF7:54 (Jas 2:5)]

(Mat 2:16)

GF2: 206 (1677): They [modern Pharisees], under a pretence of preaching Christ, are destroyers and crucifiers of him, and killers of the just [Jas 5:6], not only in themselves, but are endeavouring with all their might to destroy it in others where it is born. Pharaoh and Herod slay the young Jews in the spirit as the old did [Exo 1:15-22, Mat 2:16; Rom 2:29].... That is got up to be king, which knew not suffering Joseph [Exo 1:8]. But God will plague him, and the seed will have more rest, and be better entertained in Egypt than under Herod, into whom old Pharaoh’s spirit is entered.

IP1:69 (1658): Herod did not aim at killing all the infants in Bethlehem; but he would rather kill them all, then have Christ live [Mat 2:16]. What preaching on the one hand! What running to the magistrate on the other hand! When any different way of worship did appear, as of Independency, Anabaptism, or of seeking and waiting for the truth, how they did make an head against them, and cry out against them, for fear the young child should be born and appear there! And now they see their own image brought forth there, they are at peace with them.

JWJM 231 (1762): When Saul, by the hand of Doeg, slew four score priests at once, he had a jealousy that one of them at least was confederate with David, whom he considered his enemy [1 Sam 22:17f]. Herod slaying all the male children in Bethlehem of two years old and under was an act of uncommon cruelty, but he supposed there was a male child there within that age who was likely to be king of the Jews, and finding no way to destroy him but by destroying them all, thought this the most effectual means to secure the kingdom to his own family [Mat 2:16. Gives other examples-- slaughter of heretics].... In favor of those cruelties, every one had what they deemed a plea....


§14-16 (Luk 2:40-52)

Luk 2:40 And the child grew, and waxed strong in spirit, filled with wisdom: and the grace of God was upon [GT: with] him.

Luk 2:41 Now his parents went to Jerusalem every year at the feast of the passover [T: Easter] .

Luk 2:42 And when he was twelve years old, they went [G: were come; B: ascended] up to Jerusalem after the custom of the feast [B: +day].

Luk 2:43 And when they had fulfilled the days [G: finished the days thereof], as they returned [BT: +home] , the child Jesus tarried behind [G: remained; BT: abode still] in Jerusalem; and Joseph and his mother knew not of it [G: and Joseph knew not, nor his mother; T: Unknowing to his father and mother].

Luk 2:44 But they, supposing [T: supposed] him to have [GT: that he had] been in the company, went [G: came; T: and therefore came] a day's journey; and they sought him among their kinsfolk and acquaintance.

Luk 2:45 And when they found him not, they turned back again [G: turned back; T: went back again] to Jerusalem, seeking [GBT: and sought] him.

Luk 2:46 And it came to pass [T fortuned], that after three days they found him in the temple, sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them, and asking them questions [BT: posing them].      qtext

Luk 2:47 And all that heard him were astonished at his understanding [T: marveled at his wit] and answers.      qtext

Luk 2:48 And when they saw him, they were amazed [T: astonied]: and his mother said unto him, Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? behold, thy father and I have sought thee sorrowing [G: with very heavy hearts].

Luk 2:49 And he said unto them, How is it that ye sought me? wist ye not that I must be [GBT: go] about my Father's business?      qtext

Luk 2:50 And they understood not the saying [G: word] which he spake unto them.

Luk 2:51 And he went down with them, and came to Nazareth, and was subject [BT: obedient] unto them: but his mother kept all these sayings [T: things] in her heart.

xref [Luk 2:51, cf Luk 2:19]      qtext

Luk 2:52 And Jesus increased in wisdom and stature [T: age], and in favour with God and man [GB: men].      qtext


(Luk 2:46-51) RBA 163

(Luk 2:46-49) IP4: 79

(Luk 2:46f) WPR 591, WPT 386

(Luk 2:49) GF8: 62 [309]

(Luk 2:51) RBA 260

(Luk 2:52) GF7: 88 [79]; IP2: 116; RBA 207; RBAF 156; JSS 35, 47, 67


(Luk 2:46f)

WPR 591, WPT 386 (1694): But from a child [George Fox] appeared of another frame of mind than the rest of his brethren; being more religious, inward, still, solid and observing beyond his years, as the answers he would give, and the questions he would put upon occasion, manifested to the astonishment of those that heard him, especially in divine things. [cf Luk 2:46f]

(Luk 2:49)

GF8:62 (1674): And in your men and women's meetings, you are in and about the Lord's business [Luke 2:49], and not your own; and therefore let the Lord be in your eyes, that all of you his presence, and power, and wisdom, and judgment may receive, to do, and act, and speak in.

(Luk 2:51)

RBA 260: [Luk 2:51, see under Luk 2:19]

(Luk 2:52)

[Other texts citing Luk 2:52: IP2:116 (1 Pet 2:22), JSS 35 (under Heb 5:8)]

JSS 47 (17–) : Man no otherwise comes to the living and complete experience of [Christ within], than through the overshadowing of the holy ghost [Luke 1:35], begetting in him a birth of the seed of God; which gradually increases, and grows in stature, and in favour with God [Luk 2:52] (as did our blessed Lord in that prepared body [Heb 10:5]), until Christ becomes completely formed in him [Gal 4:19].

Synoptic Gospels keyed to Henry Burton Sharman, Records of the Life of Jesus (§§1-16)

§1 ( * | * | Luk 1:1-4 )    index     qtext

§2 (Mat 1:1-17 | * | §19 Luk 3:23-38)     index     qtext

§3 ( Luk 1:5-25)      index     qtext

§4 (Luk 1:26-38)     index     qtext

§5 (Luk 1:39-56)     index     qtext

§6 (Mat 1:18-25)     index     qtext

§7 (Luk 1:57-80)     index     qtext

§8 (Luk 2:1-7)     index     qtext

§9 (Luk 2:8-20)     index     qtext

§10 (Luk 2:21-39)     index     qtext

§11 (Mat 2:1-12)     index     qtext

§12 (Mat 2:13-23)     index     qtext

§14-16 (Luk 2:40-52)      index     qtext

This page last revised Sept 2007