3:1 For, behold [G: For lo], the Lord, the LORD [G: Lord God] of hosts, doth [G: will] take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff [G: strength], the whole [G: even all the] stay of bread, and the whole [G: all the] stay of water,

3:2 The mighty [G: strong] man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient [G: aged],

3:3 The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the [G: and] counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator [G: man] .

3:4 And I will give [G: appoint] children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them.      qtext

3:5 And [G omits] the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly [G: presume] against the ancient, and the base [G: vile] against the honourable.

3:6 When a man [G: every one] shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying [G: and say], Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler [G: thou shalt be our prince], and let this ruin [G: fall] be under thy hand:

3:7 In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer [G: cannot be an helper]; for in my house is neither bread [G: there is no bread in my house], nor clothing: make me not a ruler [G: therefore make me no prince] of the people.

3:8 For Jerusalem is ruined [G: Doubtless Jerusalem is fallen], and Judah is fallen [G: +down]: because their tongue and their doings [G: works] are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.

3:9 The shew [G: trial] of their countenance doth witness [G: testifieth] against them; and [G: yea,] they declare their sin [G: sins] as Sodom, they hide it [G: them] not. Woe [G: +be] unto their soul [G: souls]! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.

3:10 Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him [G: Surely it shall be well with the just]: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings [G: works].      qtext

3:11 Woe unto [G: be to] the wicked! it shall be ill [G: evil] with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.      qtext

3:12 As for my people, children are their oppressors [G: Children are extortioners of my people], and women [G: +have] rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.      qtext

3:13 The LORD standeth up to plead, and [G: yea, he] standeth to judge the people.

3:14 The LORD will [G: shall] enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor is in your houses.

3:15 What mean ye [G: have ye to do] that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD [G: even the Lord] of hosts.      qtext


(Isa 3:4) EQ 479

(Isa 3:10f) JN1: 64; 76 (RF)

(Isa 3:11) GF8: 44 [294]; JN2: 93, 257

(Isa 3:12) GF3: 7 (EB)

(Isa 3:14) GF8: 260 [397]; JN1: 140

(Isa 3:14f) WPR 93

(Isa 3:15) GF4: 210, 309; JN1: 61, 67, 230; TEM 114; EQ 97 (WD)


(Isa 3:4)

EQ 579 (Barbara Blaugdone, 1656): I had these words rose in me: "Wo be to that nation whose teachers are fools and princes are children [Isa 3:4], that hew to themselves broken cisterns that will hold no water [Jer 2:13]; therefore everyone to your tents [1 Ki 12:16]; return into your own habitations [cf Jude 1:6], even to the Light which Christ Jesus hath enlightened you withal [John 1:9]. For as ye take counsel of the mouth of the Lord [Josh 9:14], even so shall your work prosper."

(Isa 3:10f)

JN1:76f (Richard Farnworth, 1653): thus saith the Lord, woe to the wicked it shall be ill with them, and they shall be rewarded according to their doings as in Isa 3:11. But say unto the righteous it shall be well with them [Isa 3:10]; and saith Jesus Christ, blessed are you when men revile you and persecute you and say all manner of evil against you falsely [Mat 5:11], as the priests do by those innocent and harmless ones who are dear and precious in the sight of God [Psa 116:15?], and may rejoice, for their reward is great in heaven [Mat 5:12]....

(Isa 3:11)

[Other texts citing Isa 3:11: GF8:44 (Rev 20:8)]

(Isa 3:12)

GF3:7 (Edward Burrough, 1659): [continued from under Jas 5:1] But alas! wo is me! how you have caused the people to err [Isa 3:12], and how you have led the blind out of the way [Deu 27:18], and how is truth fallen in the streets [Isa 59:14]! And you have daubed falsely with untempered mortar, and cried peace to the wicked [Ezek 13:10/Isa 48:22], and condemned the righteous [Psa 94:21], and all this has vexed the righteous soul [2 Pet 2:8], and the Lord will arise, and is risen....

(Isa 3:15)

[Other texts citing Isa 3:15: JN1:66f (Rom 16:18), JN1:230 (Gen 3:15), TEM 114 (Mat 23:14)]


3:16 Moreover the LORD [G: The Lord also] saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton [G: stretched out necks, and with wandering] eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:      qtext

3:17 Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the [G: make the heads of the] daughters of Zion [G: +bald], and the LORD will discover their secret parts.

3:18 In that day the Lord will [G: shall the Lord] take away the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet, and their cauls, and their round tires like the moon [G: ornament of the slippers, and the caules, and the round tires],

3:19 The chains, and the bracelets, and the mufflers [G: The sweet balls, and the brasselets, and the bonnets] ,

3:20 The bonnets, and the ornaments of the legs [G: The tires of the head, and the slops (gowns)], and the headbands, and the tablets, and the earrings,

3:21 The rings, and nose jewels [G: the mufflers],

3:22 The changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles [G: costly apparel and the veils], and the wimples, and the crisping pins,      qtext

3:23 The glasses, and the fine linen, and the hoods, and the vails [G: lawns].

3:24 And it shall come to pass, that [G omits] instead of sweet smell [G: savour] there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well set [G: dressing of the] hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.      qtext

3:25 Thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy mighty in the war [G: strength in the battle].

3:26 And her gates shall lament and mourn [G: Then shall her gates mourn and lament]; and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground.


(Isa 3:16-26) GF2: 284; GF4: 50f, 196; GF8: 260, 265, 266f [397]; GFEJ 437, 440; LB (R5); JN1: 155; 395 (JA); RBA 448; RBAF 406; HPS 521; WPR 63, 90

(Isa 3:16) WPR 339

(Isa 3:22) GF1: 196; GF8: 261 [397]; JN3: 51

(Isa 3:24) GF5: 441


(Isa 3:16-26)

[Other texts citing Isa 3:16-26: JN1:395 (Isa 2:17)]

RBA 448, RBAF 406 (1678, XV.7): How severely doth the prophet reprove the daughters of Israel for their tinkling ornaments, their cauls, and their round tiars, their chains and bracelets, &c. [Isa 3:16-26], and yet is it not strange to see Christians allow themselves in these things, from whom a more strict and exemplary conversation is required? Christ desires us not to be anxious about our clothing [Mat 6:25; quotes Mat 6:28-30]....

HPS 221 (Theophila Townsend, 1686): you that have a concern upon you for the church, and are elders in the family of God, stand up in the power and holy authority of God, to find the Babylonish garment, and the wedge of gold, that hinders Israel's prosperity [Josh 7:21], and put it out of the camp; away with the naked necks and backs, the needless pinches and ruffles, the high dresses upon the head, and tiring the hair, wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go [Isa 3:16], and all superfluity [Jas 1:21] that dishonours God [Rom 2:23] and his truth; lest instead of a girdle he send a rent; and instead of well-set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth and burning instead of beauty [Isa 3:24], except you repent....

(Isa 3:22)

[Other texts citing Isa 3:22: GF1:196 (Jude 1:7)]

JN3:51 (1656): yea, what vain toys and foolish trifles have led away the heart of man from the pure wisdom of his God, till he scarce knows any end of running after changeable things [Isa 3:22], gluttony and excess in diet [cf 1 Pet 4:3f], yet not satisfied [Mic 6:14]; foolery in apparel, without stay or stop, being wholly fallen from that which is unchangeable, the true satisfaction and honor, and the further man goes in this state the more emptiness and darkness comes in upon himself; and being fallen under the earthly principle he is covered with thick darkness [Exo 10:22], so that the mind of God he knows not [1 Cor 2:16]....

(Isa 3:24)

[Other texts citing Isa 3:24: GF5:441 (Isa 22:12)]


4:1 And in that day seven women shall take hold of one man, saying, We will eat our own bread, and [G: +we will] wear our own apparel [G: garments]: only let us be called by thy name, to [G: and] take away our reproach.      qtext

4:2 In that day shall the branch [G: bud] of the LORD be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and comely [G: pleasant] for them that are escaped of Israel.

4:3 And it shall come to pass, that [G: Then] he that is [G: shall be] left in Zion, and he that remaineth [G: shall remain] in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is [G: and every one shall be] written among the living in Jerusalem:      qtext

4:4 When the Lord shall have washed away [G: wash] the filth [G: filthiness] of the daughters of Zion, and shall have purged [G: purge] the blood of Jerusalem from the midst thereof by the spirit of judgment, and by the spirit of burning.      qtext

4:5 And the LORD will [G: shall] create upon every dwelling [G omits] place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies [G: the assemblies thereof], a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence.      qtext

4:6 And there shall be a tabernacle [G: a covering shall be] for a shadow in the daytime from [G: day for] the heat, and for [G omits (2x)] a place of refuge, and for a covert from storm and from [G: for the storm and for the] rain.


(Isa 4:1) WTG 188f (EH)

(Isa 4:2-4) IP3: 219

(Isa 4:3-5) IP4: 117

(Isa 4:4) GF4: 284; GF7: 301, 304 [251]; GFT 197, 206; JN2: 4, 53, 63, 85, 102; 301; JN3: 76, 77, 86, 119, 223, 750, 751; WDS 140, 267; IP2: 356; IP3: 156, 229, 251, 350, 375, 403, 405, 443, 500, 507; IP4: 50, 69, 71, 82, 83, 101, 349, 372, 376, 384f, 386; EQ 107, 116 (JN), 203; HPS 483, 499; WPT 227; SBD 3; JSS 31; SIW 122

(Isa 4:5) IP2: 230; IP3: 84, 232, 325, 331, 376, 416, 507; IP4: 77

(Isa 4:6) HPS 410 (EB)


(Isa 4:1)

WTG 188f (1749): some Friends said it was well I was not at the meeting in the morning or they thought I should not have gone on so freely in the same line of doctrine as my companion had in the morning, great part whereof was word for word. She began "oh how is the fine gold changed" [Lam 4:1] etc., so went on with a warning to the dead professors and in the afternoon I got up under great exercise of soul on the same account. I began, "And in that day seven women shall take hold of the skirts of one man saying we will eat our own bread and wear our own apparel but will be called by thy name to hide our reproach [Isa 4:1]."

(Isa 4:3-5)

[Other texts citing Isa 4:3-5: IP4:117 (Luk 10:18):]

(Isa 4:4)

[Other texts citing Isa 4:4: JN2:85 (2 Pet 3:16), JN3:77 (Isa 1:27), IP3:403 (Isa 12:1), IP3:500 (Rev 3:18), IP4:386 (Mat 3:11), EQ 116 (Rev 19:15), EQ 203 (1 Cor 15:6), JSS 31f (Mat 3:12)]

GF7:301 (1667): ....formerly we did cry against the powers of the earth, because that judgment, and justice, and righteousness did not run down their streets [cf Isa 59:14]. And now that Friends are become a great people, shall not judgment, and justice, and righteousness run down our streets as a stream and a flood [Amos 5:24], to drive away all the filth from amongst us [Isa 4:4].

WDS 267 (1688): The body of sin [Rom 6:6] is a loadstone to draw you from the life of God, and from glorying in the cross of Christ [Gal 6:14]; this is is flesh and blood, and flesh and blood cannot inherit the kingdom of God [1 Cor 15:15]. For the Lord's sake, for your soul's sake, and for the sake of your eternal happiness, put not off this work, but pursue it, and it will be perfected. See how Christ is revealed in you [Gal 1:16] by the Holy Ghost, and with fire [Mat 3:11]. God will redeem you by the Spirit of judgment and burning [Isa 4:4]....

HPS 499 (Ann Whitehead and Mary Elson, 1680): And this I do declare, that it was the same everlasting quickening power that first visited us by the Spirit of judgment and of burning [Isa 4:4], and wrought in our inward parts mightily, even as the little leaven in the three measures of meal [Mat 13:33], to purify and to cleanse, to purge out [1 Cor 5:7] and put under all that was contrary to the Lord, and to make us habitations fit to do his will, that gathered us and made us a Meeting, and the same has been with us to this very day, blessed and magnified be his name forever.

SIW 122 (Priscilla Hannah Gurney, 18–): I ventured to decline the part assigned me; not in wilful disobedience, but under the idea, that a still further confirmation would thus be obtained... a confirmation was indeed afforded me. The withdrawing of heavenly light and peace immediately succeeded. Many gloomy seasons were my portion, before such right exercise became renewed in my mind, by the spirit of judgment and burning [Isa 4:4], as rendered it more quick of understanding in the fear of the Lord.

(Isa 4:5)

IP3:375f (1677): The pillar of cloud, and pillar of fire in the wilderness [Exo 13:21f], were but figures of the spiritual pillar of cloud and fire, by which the spiritual Israel are led and defended in the glorious gospel day of God's spirit and power. Read Isaiah [4:5], which speaketh of the gospel-day, and the pillar of cloud and fire to be created therein, and of the defence which is to be on all the inward and spiritual glory.


5:1 Now will I sing to my wellbeloved [G: beloved] a song of my beloved touching [G: to] his vineyard. My wellbeloved hath [G: beloved had] a vineyard in a very fruitful hill:      qtext

[Isa 5:1f, cf Mat 21:33 | Mar 12:1; Isa 5:1-7, cf Psa 80:8-16]

5:2 And he fenced [G: hedged] it, and gathered out the stones thereof, and [G: of it, and he] planted it with the choicest vine, and [G: best plants and he] built a tower in the midst of it, and also [G: thereof, and] made a winepress therein: and [G: then] he looked that it should bring forth grapes, and [G: but] it brought forth wild grapes.

5:3 And now [G: Now therefore], O inhabitants of Jerusalem, and men of Judah, judge, I pray you, betwixt [G: between] me and my vineyard.

5:4 What could have been done [G: have done any] more to my vineyard, that I have not done in [G: unto] it? wherefore, when [G: why have] I looked that it should bring forth grapes, brought it [G: and it bringeth] forth wild grapes?      qtext

5:5 And now go to; [G omits] I will tell you what I will do to my vineyard: I will take away the hedge thereof , and it shall be eaten up; and break down the wall thereof, and it shall be trodden down:      qtext

5:6 And I will lay it waste: it shall not be pruned [G: cut] , nor digged; but there shall come up briers and thorns [G: but briers and thorns shall grow up]: I will also command the clouds that they rain no rain upon it.      qtext

5:7 For [G: Surely] the vineyard of the LORD of hosts is the house of Israel, and the men of Judah [G: +are] his pleasant plant: and he looked for judgment, but behold oppression; for righteousness, but behold a cry [G: crying] .      qtext


(Isa 5) IP3: 148

(Isa 5:1-7) GF6: 306; MFU 29; RBA 135; RBAF 97; HPS 41 (MF); SBD 40; JWJM 25, 50 [cf Psa 80:8-16]

(Isa 5:4) GF4: 29; JN1: 140; WDS 295; IP2: 77; IP3: 512

(Isa 5:5-7) GF4: 76f

(Isa 5:5) GF7: 13

(Isa 5:6) GF5: 11, 83; GF8: 59 [307]

(Isa 5:7) GF2: 338; GF4: 38; MFU 258; JN1: 140, 144; JN3: 564 (MS); HPS 194, 509


(Isa 5:1-7)

[Other texts citing Isa 5:1-7: RBA 135 (Mat 21:33-41)]

SBD 40 (1750): ...in Isaiah [5:1-7]... God sets forth the house of Israel under the parable of a vineyard, and the men of Judah as his pleasant plants. Having bestowed great husbandry on the yard, he looked for fruit agreeable thereto, but being disappointed, he thus complains, "When I looked for grapes," (meaning thereby the fruits of righteousness, judgment and truth, agreeable to the law of that just God from whom they had received so many and unparalleled favours) "they brought forth wild grapes." Meaning thereby oppression, cruelty, disobedience and injustice, such fruits as the Gentiles (who had not been favoured like the Jews) brought forth agreeable to the nature of their degenerate and corrupt hearts.

JWJM 50 [quoting epistle from General Spring Meeting, 1755]: If contrary to this we profess the Truth, and not living under the power and influence of it are producing fruits disagreeable to the purity thereof and trust to the strength of man to support ourselves therein, our confidence will be vain. For he who removed the hedge from his vineyard and gave it to be trodden underfoot by reason of the wild grapes it produced [Isa 5:1-7] remains unchangeable. And if for the chastisement of wickedness and the further promoting his own glory, he doth arise even to shake terribly the earth [Isa 2:19], who then may oppose Him and prosper?

(Isa 5:4)

WDS 295 (to Charles II, 1661): Oh King! Let his goodness constrain thee, and all thy family, to humble yourselves before him; what could he have done for thee more than he hath done [Isa 5:4]? Hath he not been thy relief in thy greatest straits? Now let his goodness engage thee to answer what he requires of thee....

(Isa 5:5)

[Other texts citing Isa 5:5: GF7:13 (John 12:6)]

(Isa 5:6)

And is not the prophecy of Isa 5 fulfilled upon you, where he saith, "the vineyard is laid waste [Isa 5:6], and you which were the keepers of it, who stoned the servants, and had killed the son, the heir [Mat 21:33-41]; and now are you and your vineyard laid waste"?

(Isa 5:7)

[Other texts citing Isa 5:7: MFU 258 (John 15:1f), HPS 509 (John 15:8)]

JN3:564 (Martha Simmonds, 1656): I was moved of the Lord to go ot James Nayler and tell him I wanted justice, and he being harsh to me, at length these words came to me to speak to him, which I did...: "How are the mighty fallen [2 Sam 1:19]; I came to Jerusalem and behold a cry, and behold an oppression [Isa 5:7]," which pierced and struck him down with tears from that day.... But after three days he came to me and confessed I had been clear in service to the Lord, and that he had wronged me, and should have done justice, but did not do it.


5:8 Woe unto them that join house to house, that lay [L: and add] field to field, till there be no place, that they [G: ye] may be placed alone [G: by yourselves] in the midst of the earth!      qtext

5:9 [G: +This is] In mine ears said the LORD of hosts, Of a truth [G: Surely] many houses shall be desolate, even great and fair, without inhabitant.

5:10 Yea, ten acres of vineyard shall yield one bath, and the seed of an homer shall yield an ephah.

5:11 Woe unto them that rise up early in the morning, that they may [G: to] follow strong drink [G: drunknenness, and to them]; that continue until night, till wine inflame them!

5:12 And the harp, and the viol, the tabret [G: timbrel], and pipe, and wine, are in their feasts: but they regard not the work of the LORD, neither consider the operation [G: work] of his hands.

5:13 Therefore my people are [G: is] gone into captivity; because they have [G: had] no knowledge;: and their honourable men are [G: the glory thereof are men] famished, and their multitude [G: the multitude thereof is] dried up with thirst.

5:14 Therefore hell hath enlarged herself [G: itself], and opened her [G: his] mouth without measure: and their glory, and their multitude, and their pomp, and he that rejoiceth [G: +among them], shall descend into it.      qtext

5:15 And the mean [G omits] man shall be brought down, and the mighty [G omits] man shall be humbled, and the eyes of the lofty [G: proud] shall be humbled:

5:16 But [G: And] the LORD of hosts shall be exalted in judgment, and God that is holy [G: holy God] shall be sanctified in righteousness [G: justice].

5:17 Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste [G: desolate] places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.


(Isa 5:8) GF4: 29, 46; DGA 32; JN1: 67; 217 (GF); JWJM 257

(Isa 5:11) JN1: 65

(Isa 5:11f) GF5: 11, GF6: 144; GF8: 223 [381]; GFEJ 410; WPR 32

(Isa 5:14) GF3: 6 (EB); GF5: 12; JN3: 534 (FH&EB)

(Isa 5:15) IP4: 87


(Isa 5:8)

?[Other texts citing Isa 5:8: JN1:66f (Rom 16:18)]

JWJM 257 (17–): And thus where house is joined to house and field laid to field till there is no place [Isa 5:8], and the poor are thereby straitened, though this be done by bargain and purchase, yet, so far as it stands distinguished from universal love, so far that woe prefixed by the prophet will accompany their proceedings.

(Isa 5:14)

JN3:354 (Francis Howgill and Edward Burrough to Margaret Fell, 1656): oh my dear this is a day of sore distress with us, as we have had since we went out of the Lord's camp, for hell hath opened her mouth [Isa 5:14], & the devil is in great rage, thinking to make void all our work in a day, & the sea rageth and the floods lift up their voices [Psa 93:3], and seems to overflood all at once, the Lord rebuke them, and we are free to acquaint thee of a little and but a little we must write, that thou may feel our burden and bear with us in the day of trial.


5:18 Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a cart rope [G: as with cart ropes]:      qtext

5:19 That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it: and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it!      qtext

5:20 Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil [G: speak good of evil, and evil of good]; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter [G: sour]!


(Isa 5:18) GF4: 77; IP4: 254

(Isa 5:19) GF5: 436

(Isa 5:19f) IP1: 158

(Isa 5:20) GF3: 86, 267, 461, 528; GF4: 77; GF5: 11; F7: 43 [35], 59 [46], 265 [239]; GF8: 8 [265]; MFS 87, 91; JN1: 10 (GF), 42, 50, 84, 88, 109, 369; JN2: 63, 86, 200, 216, 247, 541, 585; JN3: 34; IP1: 74, 157; IP2: 184, 236, IP2: 418, 479; IP3: 77, 320, 497, 516; IP4: 327; RBA 213, 234, 435; RBAF 161, 394; IP1: 113, 157, 369; EQ 378 (IP); HPS 393, 401 (EB); WPR 160


(Isa 5:18)

IP4:254 (1671): Satan is near his subjects, and dwells in them, to act them., and to make his laws of sin [Rom 7:23] and disobedience forcible in them. Every motion and temptation to sin he kindles, and adds vigor too, that he may set on flame the wicked spirits of men after sin, vanity, pride, lust, uncleanness, cruelty, and all manner of wickedness, that they may draw on iniquity with cart-ropes [Isa 6:18], and drink it in as the ox doth water [Job 15:16].

(Isa 5:19)

GF5:436 (1678): So here you may see, all must be guided by God's counsel, if they will be received into glory [Psa 73:24]; and not be guided by the counsel of the dead, but by the counsel of the living God: "but such as forget the works of the Lord, they wait not for his counsel to be guided by it." Psa 106:13. And Isaiah saith, "let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh, and come that we may know it.'" Isa 5:19.

(Isa 5:19f)

IP1:158 (1659) when the true prophets of the Lord threatened them with his coming with dreadful vengeance, and his strange work [Isa 28:21], they, in the height and confidence of their spirits, could reply, "Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it [Isa 5:19]." How blind were they from seeing their blasphemies; their calling of evil good, and good evil, &c. [Isa 5:20].

(Isa 5:20)

[Other texts citing Isa 5:20: MFS 91 (John 5:29), JN1: 50 (1 Cor 2:13) JN1:84 (Jas 2:4), JN2:585 (Jas 2:6), IP1:74 (Rom 7:14)]

GF7:43 (1653): Quench not the spirit [1 Th 5:19], by which ye may prove all things, and that which is good hold fast [1 Th 5:21]; for if the spirit be quenched, then light is put for darkness, and darkness for light, and evil is put for good, and good for evil [Isa 5:20].... but when the spirit is not quenched, then with the spirit ye may see the good, to take the good, and the evil to shun. And this brings to put a difference between the precious and the vile [Jer 15:19], the profane and the holy, the clean and the unclean [Lev 10:10]; the spirit is it that proves all things.

IP2:184, EQ 378 (1661): It is a miserable thing to be deceived about that which is good; to put good for evil, light for darkness, sweet for bitter [Isa 5:20], and so, under a mistake at least, become a persecutor of the good. All good is of God, and he that is against good is against God; and it is a dreadful thing for the creature to set himself in battle against his Creator, and to engage the power and wrath of the Omnipotent One against him; though while the eye is shut, it doth not appear to men either that they are against God, or that their danger is so great thereby as indeed it is.

RBA 435, RBAF 394 (1678, XV.3): some, to whom it is said, "Your Excellency," [have] nothing of excellency in them; and who is called "Your Grace," appears to be an enemy to Grace: and he who is called, "Your Honor," is base and ignoble. I wonder what law of man, or what patent ought to oblige me to make a lie, in calling good, evil; and evil, good [Isa 5:20]?

HPS 401 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): But as for such who will not believe in this principle of God, but instead of owning it as his power unto salvation [Rom 1:16], say it is a Satanical suggestion; and instead of owning it to be of the divine nature of God or Christ, they call it the dim light of created nature, putting bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter, counting darkness light, and light darkness [Isa 5:20]; such may continue in their bondage and vassalage under the prince and power of darkness, in the blindness of their minds, hardness of their hearts, and deadness of their spirits, notwithstanding freedom and liberty, life and immortality is brought to light through the gospel [2 Tim 1:10].


5:21 Woe unto them that are wise in their own eyes, and prudent in their own sight!      qtext

[Isa 5:21, cf Prov 3:7]

5:22 Woe unto them that are mighty to drink wine, and men of strength to mingle [G: to them that are strong to pour in] strong drink:

5:23 Which justify the wicked for reward, and take away the righteousness of the righteous from him!      qtext

5:24 Therefore as the [G +flame of] fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff [G: as the chaff is consumed of flame] , so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom [G: bud] shall go up as [G: rise up like] dust: because they have cast away [G: off] the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised [G: contemned] the word of the Holy One of Israel.      qtext

5:25 Therefore is the anger [G: wrath] of the LORD kindled against his people, and he hath stretched forth [G: out] his hand against [G: upon] them, and hath smitten them: and the hills [G: mountains] did tremble, and their carcases were>torn[L: as dung] in the midst of the streets. For all this his anger is [G: wrath was] not turned away, but his hand is [G: was] stretched out still.

5:26 And he will lift up an ensign [G: a sign] to the nations from far [G: afar], and will hiss unto them from the end of the earth: and, behold, they shall come with speed swiftly [G: hastily with speed].      qtext

5:27 None shall be weary nor stumble [G: faint nor fall]; none shall slumber nor sleep; neither shall the girdle of their loins be loosed, nor the latchet of their shoes be broken:

5:28 Whose arrows are [G: shall be] sharp, and all their [G: his] bows bent, their [G: his] horses' hoofs shall be counted [G: thought] like flint, and their [G: his] wheels like a whirlwind:

5:29 Their [G: His] roaring shall be like a lion, they [G: he] shall roar like young lions [G: lions' whelps]: yea [G omits], they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey, and shall carry it away safe [G: they shall take it away] , and none shall deliver it.

5:30 And in that day they shall roar against them like the roaring of the sea: and if one [G: they] look unto the land [G: earth], behold darkness and sorrow, and the light is darkened in the heavens thereof [G: shall be darkened in their sky].


(Isa 5:21-25) GF5: 11; IP1: 157

(Isa 5:21) JN1: 68; JN2: 217; WDS 298; IP2: 107, 303, 368; HPS 326 [cf Prov 3:7]

(Isa 5:22) GF6: 144; GF8: 223 [381]; GFEJ 410; JN1: 65

(Isa 5:23) JN1: 50; RBA 185; RBAF 142; JWJM 218

(Isa 5:24) JN2: 73; WPR 121, 297; WPT 71

(Isa 5:25) IP1: 300

(Isa 5:26) JN3: 528


(Isa 5:21)

[Other texts citing Isa 5:21: WDS 298 (Gen 2:17)]

JN1:68 (1653): Woe to you that are wise in your own eyes and prudent in your own sight [Isa 5:21], you that think to understand the spiritual things of God by your carnal wisdom [mar: John 14:17, Jude 1:10]; and because God will not reveal his secrets to your serpentine wisdom, therefore you speak evil if it where it is revealed, though you know it not; your wisdom is of the earth and feedeth upon dust, and dust is the serpent's meat [Isa 65:25].

HPS 326 (Rebecca Travers, 1669): Why hast not thou with thy great understanding, that seems so wise in thy own eyes [Isa 5:21], as to gainsay the Truth that is received and believed by thousands, come forth, and tell where this Light testified of by the Apostle is, if not in the conscience?

(Isa 5:23)

[Other texts citing Isa 5:23: JN1: 50 (1 Cor 2:13)]

JWJM 218 (1762): Making constructions of the Law contrary to the true meaning of it was common amongst that people. Samuel's sons took bribes and perverted judgment [1 Sam 8:3]. Isaiah complained that they justified the wicked for reward [Isa 5:23]. Zephaniah ... on account of the injustice of the civil magistrates declared that those judges were evening wolves, and that the priests did violence to the law [Zeph 3:3f].

(Isa 5:24)

WPR 121 (1671): Oh! fear & tremble before him, all ye inhabitants of the country, and let your joy be turned into sadness and your rejoicing into mourning [Lam 5:15/Jas 4:9], lest he consume you as a consuming fire the stubble [Isa 5:24], and scatter you as the whirlwind the chaff [Hos 13:3]; for the night is far spent [Rom 13:12], and the Day approaches, & the secrets of every heart shall be revealed....

(Isa 5:26)

JN3:528 (1656): Thou hast set us as upon a rock [Mat 7:24f], so that the floods of the ungodly [Psa 18:4] cannot move us; thou hast lifted up an ensign [Isa 5:26], and the heathen are angry, the pride of the nations hath gathered against thee [Psa 2:1f]....

This page last revised Sept 2008