12:1 Then Jesus six days before the passover [T: Easter] came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead [G: was, who died; B: had been dead; T: was which was dead] , whom he [G: whom he had; T: and who Jesus] raised from the dead [BT: death] .

12:2 There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

12:3 Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly [T: called Nardus, perfect and precious], and anointed the feet of Jesus [GBT: Jesus’ feet], and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with [T: of] the odour [G: savour] of the ointment.      qtext

12:4 Then saith [BT: said]one of his disciples, [GB: +even; T: +named] Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray [T: afterward betrayed] him,

12:5 Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?

12:6 This he said [G: Now he said this; T: This said he], not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had [T: kept] the bag, and bare what was put therein [GBT: given].      qtext

[John 12:6 cf John 13:29]

12:7 Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this [GT: she kept it].

12:8 For [T: omits] the poor always [BT: +shall] ye have with you; but me ye have not always [G: ye shall not have always; B: have ye not always; T: shall ye not always have].

12:9 [G: +Then] Much people of the Jews therefore [GT: omit] knew [BT: had knowledge] that he was there: and they came not for Jesus' sake only, but that they might see Lazarus also, whom he had raised from the dead [BT: who (T: whom) he raised from death].      qtext

12:10 But [GT: omit] the chief [GBT: high] priests [GT: +therefore] consulted [BT: held a council] that they might put Lazarus also to death [GBT: to death also];

12:11 Because that by reason of him [GBT: for his sake] many of the Jews went away, and believed on [G: in] Jesus.


(John 12:1f) GF6: 192

(John 12:3-6) GF8: 105f [320]; JN1: 256

(John 12:6) GFJN 406; GF7: 13; GF8: 109 [320]; JN2: 163; JN3: 312, 416 [cf John 13:29]

(John 12:9-11) GF5: 272; GF6: 192; JN1: 398 (JA)


(John 12:3-6)

GF8:105f (1676): [quotes John 12:3-6] Now this was Judas, who carried the bag [John 12:6, 13:29], and betrayed Christ; and many there are that carry the bag now, that would not have their wives nor the women bestow any thing upon Christ, nor his poor followers.

JN1:256 (1654): The Lord judge between the poor and you, and deliver the poor out of your hands. And for these you call ministers, they love the poor like Judas, who would first have all in their own bag [John 12:4-6]; and how they would relieve the poor out of it may appear by the poor that are sued by them for their tithes and set maintenance, who suffer the spoiling of their goods [Heb 10:34] and are in wants, but the priests live in all fulness [Ezek 16:49].

(John 12:6)

[Other texts citing John 12:6: JN2:163f (Rev 2:6)]

GF7:13 (Tes): And thus the Lord's power hath carried us through all, and over all, to his everlasting glory and praise! For God's power, which was before the devil's was, hath been our hedge [Job 1:10, Isa 5:5], our wall, and our keeper, and the preserver of his plants and vineyard, who have not had the magistrates' sword and staff to help them, nor ever trusted in the arm of flesh [Jer 17:5]. And have gone, without Judas's bag [John 12:6/ Luk 10:4G] or the magistrates' sword and staff [Rom 13:4/Mat 10:10], to preach the word of life [1 Jn 1:1], which was in the beginning [John 1:1], before they were; which word reconciles to God [2 Cor 5:19]....

(John 12:9-11)

GF5:272 (1677): [context: extended discussion of Luk 16:19-31; quotes Luk 16:30f] Nor now they that will not hear Christ and his gospel; and if they will not hear Christ and his gospel, they will not hear one that cometh from the dead.... But the Jews did seek to put Lazarus to death (whom Christ had raised from the dead), because by reason of Lazarus, much people were turned unto Christ, and did believe on him, that Christ had raised him from the dead [John 12:9-11]. They were as mad against Christ and his miracles, as they are now against his light, which is his life in the word [John 1:4].


12:12 On the next day [GT: morrow] much people [G: a great multitude] that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming [GBT: should come] to Jerusalem,

12:13 Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord [BT: he that in the name of the Lord cometh, King of Israel].

12:14 And Jesus, when he had found [G: found; BT: got] a young ass, [GBT: +and] sat thereon; as it is [T: according to that which was] written,

12:15 Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt.      qtext

[John 12:15, cf Zech 9:9]

12:16 These things understood not his disciples [G: But his disciples understood not these things] at the first: but when Jesus was glorified, then remembered they that these [BT: such] things were written of him, and that they had done these things [BT: such things they had done] unto him.

12:17 The people therefore [BT omit] that was with him when [G: +bare witness that] he called Lazarus out of his [G: the] grave, and raised him from the dead [BT: death], bare record [G: omits].

12:18 For this cause the people also met him, for that [GBT: Therefore met him the people also, because] they heard that he had done this [BT: such a] miracle.

12:19 The Pharisees therefore [G: And the Pharisees] said among themselves, Perceive ye how ye [T: we] prevail nothing? behold, the [B: all the whole] world is gone [GBT: goeth; T: +away] after him.

12:20 And there were certain Greeks among them that came up [BT: omit] to worship [T: pray] at the feast:

12:21 The same [G: And they] came therefore [GT: omit] to Philip, which was of Bethsaida of [G: in; B: a city of; T: a city in] Galilee, and desired him, saying, Sir, we would [BG: +fain] see [G: +that] Jesus.

12:22 Philip cometh and telleth [GBT: came and told] Andrew: and again Andrew and Philip tell [GBT: told] Jesus.

12:23 And Jesus answered them, saying, The hour is come, that the Son of man should [GBT: must] be glorified.

12:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, Except a corn of wheat [GBT: the wheat corn] fall into the ground and die, it abideth [GT: bideth] alone: but if it die, it bringeth forth much fruit.      qtext

12:25 He that loveth his life shall lose [BT: destroy] it; and he that hateth his life in this world shall keep it unto life eternal.

12:26 If any man serve [BT: minister unto (2x)] me, let him follow me; and where I am, there shall also my servant [BT: minister] be: [GT: +and] if any man serve me, him will my Father honour.


(John 12:15) GF6: 487    [cf Zech 9:9]

(John 12:16) JN3: 455

(John 12:19) RBA 109; RBAF 81

(John 12:24) GF6: 299; JSS 66

(John 12:26) GF5: 146; WPR 324


(John 12:15)

[Other texts citing John 12:15: GF6:486f (John 6:15)]

(John 12:24)

GF6:299 (1684): [quotes John 12:24 in connection with exposition of 1 Cor 15:35-58]

JSS 66 (17–) : God has so created even wheat, that unless it die it abideth alone, and bringeth not forth [John 12:24]; and unless we die to the first state, will, inclination, and selfish life of the creature, we too abide alone, wrapped up in ourselves, in a life of separation from the life of God. This is abiding alone; if ever we are united to God, all that is in us, that is opposed to his pure reign in the soul, must die.


12:27 Now is my soul troubled; and what shall I say? Father, save [T: deliver] me from this hour: but for this cause [GBT: therefore] came I unto [B: into] this hour.

12:28 Father, glorify thy name. Then came there a voice from heaven, saying [T: omits], I have both [T: omits] glorified it, and will glorify it again.

12:29 [GT: +Then said] The people therefore [GBT: omit], that stood by, and heard it, said [GT: omit] that it thundered [G: that it was a thunder; T: it thundreth]: others [GBT: other] said, An angel spake to him.

12:30 Jesus answered and said, This voice came not because of me, but for your sakes.

12:31 Now is the judgment of this world: now shall the prince of this world be cast out.      qtext

12:32 And I, if I be lifted [GBT: were lift] up from the earth, will draw all men unto me.      qtext

12:33 This he said [G: Now this said he; T: This said Jesus], signifying what death he should die.

12:34 The people answered him, We have heard out [T: omits] of the law that Christ abideth for ever [G: bideth for ever; BT: bideth ever]: and how sayest thou, [G: +that; T: +then that] The Son of man must be lifted [GBT: lift] up? who is this [GBT: that] Son of man?      qtext


(John 12:31) GF3: 420; GF4: 224; GF6: 16; GF7: 165 [172]; JN1:192f; JN2: 99, 102, 204; EQ114 (JN); HPS 407 (EB); JWJM 176

(John 12:31f) MFU 65

(John 12:32) GF3: 228; GF5: 147; GF8: 127 [335]; MFU 160; WPR 137

(John 12:34) IP1: 206, 369, 419; IP4: 177; JSS 26


(John 12:31)

[Other texts citing John 12:31: GF6:16 (John 14:30), JWJM 176 (Mar 5:3)]

JN2:99 (1655): And that faith we know and the fruits of it [Mat 7:16,20], which ever were found enemes and false accusers [2 Tim 3:3] of those who were led by that Spirit [Rom 8:14] which is before the letter was, by which the letter was brought into the world, which the prince of this world [John 12:31] hath ever made use on to withstand such as brought forth the life of the Scriptures into the world.

HPS 407 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): And Christ said, "I lead in the way of righteousness, in the midst of the paths of judgment," Prov 8:20. And the spirit of Christ was promised to convince the world of sin, of righteousness, and of judgment, John 16:8, by which the spirit and prince of this world should be judged [John 12:31], and he cast out of his throne in the hearts of the children of men....

(John 12:32)

[Other texts citing John 12:32: GF3:228 (John 3:14)]

WPR 137 (1677): Let him be lifted up in you, and your eye be to him; who, wherever he is lifted up, draweth all such after him [John 12:32]. And this is the reason, why people are not now drawn after Christ, because he is not lifted up in their hearts, he is not exalted in their souls; he is rejected, oppressed, crucified, and buried; yea, they have rolled a stone upon him, and set guards, that he should not rise in them [Mat 27:60-66] to judge them.

(John 12:34)

[Other texts citing John 12:34: IP1:419 (John 1:46), JSS 26 (John 15:6)]

IP4:177 (1667): ...the Scribes and Pharisees ... studied the law, gave interpretations of it, being appointed by God to preserve the people's knowledge [Mal 2:7]; for, plainly, that appearance of his disagreed with the law and the prophets, according to their understanding of them. Christ was to abide for ever; but he said the Son of man must be lifted up [John 12:34]. Yea, the very disciples themselves understood not this for a long time: and if the sense of the life and power of the Father in him had not bowed down their spirits, they also would have reasoned against him in many things.


12:35 Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while is the light with you. Walk while ye have the [G: that; BT omit] light, lest [GBT: +the] darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darkness [GBT: the dark] knoweth [BT: wotteth] not whither he goeth.      qtext

12:36 While ye have [G: +that] light, believe in the [G: in that; BT: on the] light, that ye may be the children of [GB: +the] light. These things spake Jesus, and departed, and did hide himself from them.      qtext

[John 12:36: cf John 1:12, 1 Th 5:5]


(John 12:35) GF7: 60 [47]; GF8: 7 [265]; MFU 217; JN1: 317; HPS 393 (EB)

(John 12:35f) GF7: 149 [156]; MFU 162, 240; IP3: 252; IPL 54; RBA 141; RBAF 101; EQ 324 (BC)

(John 12:36) GFJN 16, 29, 33, 109, 175, 296, 335; GF2: 335; GF3: 50, 63, 64, 68, 102, 122, 173, 222, 226, 350, 532, 540; GF4: 73; GF5: 90, 142, 199, 207, 219, 228, 232, 276, 315, 411; GF6: 14, 36, 208, 241, 246, 355; GF7: 84 [73], 119 [124], 146 [155], 222 [220], 244 [230], 297 [249], 327 [262], 332 [264]; GF8: 9, 10, 11 [265], 13 [267], 14 [268], 16 [270], 27f [279], 33 [284], 37 [288], 56 [306], 72 [313], 79 [317], 84 [318], 94, 97 [320], 153 [353], 160 [355], 167, 168 [359], 171 [360], 180 [361], 193 [366], 203, 204, 207, 209 [372], 212 [375], 247 [391], 270 [398], 302 [410], 304 [411]; GFEJ 259, 370, 376, 454, 464; GFT 59, 102, 139, 177; DGA 36; MFS 25; MFU 191, 217; JN2: 196, 224f; JN3: 14, 92, 98, 127, 443; IP2: 28; IP3: 533; EQ 165, 303, 560; HPS 319, 334f; 391 (EB); WPR 37, 311, 624; WPT 101, 155, 330; SIW 96


(John 12:35)

[Other texts citing John 12:35: GF7:60/JN1:317 (Mat 18:7), HPS 392f (Luk 19:41f)]

MFU 217 (1657): thou hast left thy pure guide & art as a blind man groping & stumbling & would find ease in making application of the letter without thee; but here thou seeks the living amongst the dead [Luk 24:5]. This increaseth thy trouble & leads thee further in the dark; & he that walks in darkness knoweth not whither he goeth [John 12:35]; & thou that art in the power of darkness lies open to the temptation of the enemy, & he leads thee captive at his will [2 Tim 2:26]: it is the enemy of thy soul that tells thee thou must not go to meetings except thou be moved.

(John 12:35f)

RBA 141, RBAF 101 (1678, V/VI.21): To this they object, that by Light [in John 12:36] here is understood Christ's outward person, in whom he would have them believe.... nay the place itself shows the contrary by these words, "While ye have the Light"; and by the verse going before, "Walk while ye have the Light lest darkness come upon you [John 12:35]." Which words import that when that Light in which they were to believe was removed, then they should lose the capacity or season of believing. Now this could not be understood of Christ's person; the Jews might have believed in him, and many did savingly believe in him, as all Christians do at this day, when the person, to wit, his bodily presence or outward man is far removed from them. So that this Light in which they were commanded to believe must be that inward, spiritual Light, that shines in their hearts [2 Cor 4:6] for a season, even during the day of man's visitation [Luk 19:44]; which while it continueth to call, invite and exhort, men are said to have it and may believe in it; but when men refuse to believe in it, and reject it, then it ceaseth to be a Light to show them the way....

(John 12:36)

[Other texts citing John 12:36: GFJN 33 (John 3:19-21), GFJN 175 (John 12:46), GF3:63 (John 1:4-9), GF3: 226 (John 7:38), GF4:73 (John 4:29), GF5:142 (Heb 4:10), GF5:207 (Rev 13:6f), GF5:232 (Luk 2:32), GF7:297 (Luk 5:37-39), GF7:297 (Rev 14:8), GF8:11f (Mat 18:12f), GF8:56 (1 Jn 5:10), GF8:167 (Rev 17:2), GF8:180 (John1:1-4), GF8:302 (John 3:36), GF8:304f (Rev 12:1), MFU 191(Mat 22:30), MFU 217 (John 3:8), JN2:224f (John 1:4-12), HPS 334 (John 4:10)]

IP3:533 (1678): Seventh query. What doth the light of the pure God, and of his Christ, do for them that receive and obey it? Doth it not bring them out of darkness, and change their nature; so that they become children of light, and no more darkness, as they were before, but light in the Lord? John 12:36, Eph 5:8.

WPR 37 (1668): Friends, whilst you have a day, prize it, and whilst you have the Light, believe in it [John 12:36]; for this is the word of the Lord God, that made heaven and earth, to you all; the time is at hand, that he that is unrighteous, must be unrighteous still [Rev 22:11]. Be not deceived, put not that day far from you [Amos 6:3]; neither cry, "The Lord is on our side [Psa 124:1f]," for his indignation is ready to be revealed [Rom 1:18/1 Pet 1:5], and destruction is at the door.

SIW 96 (Sarah Tuke Grubb, ca 1787): I often wish that I could learn to be still when I have nothing to do; and instead of straining my eyes in the dark, and watching to breaking of the day, to dwell quietly in the ward all night [Isa 21:8]; believing in the light [John 12:36], and obediently working therein.


12:37 But though he had done so many miracles before them, yet they believed not [G: believed they not; BT: believed not they] on him:

12:38 That the saying of Esaias the prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake [G: that he said; T: that he spake], Lord, who hath believed our report [G: believed our report; BT: shall believe our saying]? and to whom hath [GBT: is] the arm of the Lord been revealed [G: revealed; B: declared; T: opened]?

[John 12:38 cf Isa 53:1]

12:39 Therefore they could [GBT: could they] not believe, because that Esaias said [GBT: saith] again,

12:40 He hath blinded their eyes, and hardened their heart [T: hearts (2x)]; that they should not see with their eyes, nor [B: and lest they should; T: and] understand with their heart, and [GBT: +should] be converted, and I should heal them.      qtext

[John 12:40 cf Isa 6:10, Rom 10:16]

12:41 These [BT: Such] things said Esaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him.      qtext

12:42 Nevertheless [G: +even] among the chief rulers also [GT: omit] many believed on [G: in] him; but because of the Pharisees they did not confess him [T: would not be a-known of it], lest they should be put out of the synagogue [G: cast out of the synagogue; BT: excommunicate]:      qtext

12:43 For they loved the praise [T: +that is given] of men more than the praise [T: +that cometh] of God.      qtext


(John 12:38-41) GF4: 80; GF5: 230

(John 12:38) GF5: 238; IP3: 289; IPL 31, 48f [cf Isa 53:1, Rom 10:16]

(John 12:40) IP1: 181; RBA 137; RBAF 99 [cf Isa 6:10]

(John 12:41) IP4: 75

(John 12:42) GF2: 262; GF6: 269

(John 12:43) GFJN 55; GF7: 319 [261]; GF8: 176 [361]; JN2: 19; JN3: 86; EQ 381; SBD 66 [cf Rom 2:29]


(John 12:40)

IP1:180f (1659): [Quotes Isa 1:5f] but the hurt of the daughter of my people hath been healed deceitfully [Jer 6:14], by physicians of no value [Job 13:4], who have not the oil. This is generally the state of professors of this day; but they cannot see it: for they have put out the eye of the simplicity [Mat 6:22] (wherewith alone God will suffer the things of life to be seen), and God hath blinded the eye of their wisdom, so that they shall not see, nor be converted and healed that way [Isa 6:10 | John 12:40]. So that exceeding miserable is their estate: they will not see God's way, and God will not let them see their way.

(John 12:41)

IP4:75 (1671): Those glorious appearances of God to the prophets in visions were the appearances of Christ; as particularly, [Isa 6:1-3]. This was an appearance of Christ to Isaiah, as is manifest, John 12:41, where the Evangelist (relating to that place) useth this expression: "These things said Isaiah, when he saw his glory, and spake of him."

(John 12:42)

[[Other texts citing John 12:42: GF5:269 (John 9:22)]]

GF2:262 (1683): [Quotes John 12:42] Too many such believers are nowadays, who dare not confess Christ, lest they should lose the favour of men. But Christ encourages the faithful disciples, and told them, that they would put them out of their synagogues; yea, that the time should come, that whosoever killed them would think they did God service [John 16:2; quotes 16:3-4]. Here you may see what Christ told his disciples should come to pass to them.

(John 12:43)

[Other texts citing John 12:43: GFJN 55/EQ 381 (Mat 25:43)]

GF8:176 (1679): For the grace, truth, and light that cometh by Jesus [John 1:17], this makes inward christians, and the Jews inward [Rom 2:29], who have the praise of God, though may be not of men [1 Cor 4:5/John 12:43].

SBD 65f (1750): But notwithstanding thee may have favour and credit with such as a preacher, and may be by those respected for a little time, and regarded as such; yet the longer that thee goes on in this way, the more thee will covet honour and preeminence, yea, thee will in time be apt to seek the praise of men more than of God [John 12:43], and out of humour, being displeased if thee has it not.


12:44 Jesus cried and said, He that believeth on [G: in (3x)] me, believeth not on me, but on him that sent me.

12:45 And he that seeth me seeth him that sent me.

12:46 I am come a light into the world, that whosoever believeth on [G: in] me should not abide [BT: bide] in darkness.      qtext

12:47 And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to save the world.      qtext

12:48 He that rejecteth [GBT: refuseth] me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the word [T: words] that I have spoken, the same [G: it; T: they] shall judge him in the last day.

12:49 For I have not spoken of myself; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a commandment, what I should say, and what I should speak.

12:50 And I know that his [T: this] commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even [G: the things therefore that I speak, I speak them so] as the Father said unto [BT: bade] me, so I speak [G: omits].      qtext


(John 12:44-46) MFS 39

(John 12:46) GFJN 175; GF3: 52, 64, 91, 122, 222; GF4: 65, 112; GF5: 90, 419; GF8: 9 [265], 302 [410]; GFEJ 259; GFT 139; MFS 25; MFU 65, 102, 230; JN1: 127; JN2: 76, 213, 224; JN3: 16, 46, 252, 232; HPS 331f; 397 (EB); WPR 311; WPT 101

(John 12:46f) EQ 323 (BC)

(John 12:47) RBA 107; RBAF 80

(John 12:50) IP3: 254; IPL 57


(John 12:46)

[Often cited in conjunction with John 12:36]

Other texts citing John 12:46: GF8:302 (John 3:36), JN2:224f (John 1:4-12)

GFJN 175 (1654): There is no justification out of the Light, out of Christ. Justification is in the Light; here is the doer of the will of God, here is the entering into the kingdom. Now believing in the Light becomes a child of the Light [John 12:36], and here is received the wisdom that is justified of her children [Mat 11:19]. Here believing in the Light, you shall not abide in darkness [John 12:46], but have the Light of life [John 8:12] and come every one to witness the Light that shines in your hearts [2 Cor 4:6]....

HPS 397 (Elizabeth Bathurst, 1679): [Grace] is God's gift to us, and therefore well may we return thanks unto him for his unspeakable gifts: God is the author of it, who is light, and in him there is no darkness at all [1 Jn 1:5]; for he covereth himself with light, as with a garment [Psa 104:2]; and dwelleth in that light which is inaccessible, which no mortal eye can approach unto [1 Tim 6:16]; he is the Father of Lights [Jas 1:17]; and therefore hath he given a measure of his own divine light to all mankind, to reveal himself unto them; so that they may know substantially what he is, and not worship him as the unknown god [Acts 17:23]: and this knowledge of himself, the Father is pleased to dispense to men, in and through the son of his love, Christ Jesus, our Lord who is come a light into the world (saith Christ) that whosoever believeth in me should not abide in darkness [John 12:46].

(John 12:47)

[Other texts citing John 12:47: RBA 107 (John 3:17)]

(John 12:50)

IP3:254, IPL 57 (1672): [The Light] enlighteneth [John 1:9]. It showeth what is evil, and also what is good, according to the measure and proportion of it, and according to God's causing it to shine in the heart [2 Cor 4:6]. It discovers the mystery of darkness, the mystery of ungodliness, them mystery of iniquity [2 Th 2:7], the mystery of deceit in all its mysterious workings; for nothing is hid from the light of him with whom we have to do [Heb 4:13]. And it also discovers the mystery of godliness [1 Tim 3:15], the mystery of holiness, the pure way and commandment of life; and gives all the believers (the true believers in Christ) this experience, that "his commandment is life everlasting [John 12:50]." There is nothing the heart needs desire to know of God, but this makes it manifest in the due season. It opens the very mystery of the Scriptures, gives the right understanding and application of the promises, and fulfills the prophecies thereof in the heart.


13:1 Now [BT: omit] before the feast of the passover [T: Easter], when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having [G: forasmuch as he; BT: When he] loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end [GBT: unto the end he loved them].

13:2 And supper being ended, the devil having [GBT: when supper was done (BT: ended), and (BT: after) that the devil had] now [BT: omit] put into [GBT: in] the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

13:3 Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come [G: +forth] from God, and went to God;

13:4 He riseth [BT: rose] from supper, and laid [G: layeth] aside his [GBT: +upper] garments; and took a towel, and [B: when he had taken a towel, he] girded [T: girt] himself.      qtext

13:5 After that he poureth [GB: he poured; T: poured he] water into a basin, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded [T: girt].

13:6 Then cometh [GBT: came] he to Simon Peter: and Peter [G: who] saith [GBT: said] unto him, Lord, dost [T: shalt] thou wash my feet?

13:7 Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do thou knowest [T: wottest] not now; but thou shalt know [G: +it] hereafter.

13:8 Peter saith [GT: said] unto him, Thou shalt never [T: not] wash my feet. Jesus answered him, If I wash thee not, thou hast no part with me.      qtext

13:9 Simon Peter saith [GT: said] unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but also my [GB: the (2x)] hands and my head.

13:10 Jesus saith [GT: said] to him, He that is washed needeth not save to wash his feet, but [T: and] is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all.

13:11 For he knew who should betray him [B: who it was that should ...; T: his betrayer] ; therefore said he, Ye are not all clean.

13:12 So [T: omits] after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments [BT: received his clothes], and was set down again, he said unto them, Know [BT: Wot] ye what I have done to you?

13:13 Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am [GBT: am I].

13:14 If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.      qtext

13:15 For I have given you an example, that ye should do [G: +even] as I have done to you.      qtext

13:16 Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord [GBT: master]; neither he that is sent [G: the ambassador; BT: the messenger] greater than he that sent him.

13:17 If ye know [T: understand] these things, happy [G: blessed] are ye if ye do them.      qtext

13:18 I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but [G: +it is] that the scripture may [G: might; T omits] be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted [GBT: lift] up his heel against me.

13:19 Now [G: From henceforth] I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may [GBT: might] believe that I am he.

13:20 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that receiveth whomsoever I send [G: If I send any, he that receiveth him] receiveth me; and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me.


(John 13:4-17) JN1: 266; JN3: 736 (GF); WDS 65; RBA 392-4; RBAF 346-8; WPR 638

(John 13:5) WPR 344

(John 13:8) GF7: 119f [124]; GF8: 155 [353]; WDS 262

(John 13:13-17) GF5: 147; GF8: 122 [321]; GFEJ 343; MFU 188

(John 13:14) GF4: 300; GF7: 78 [64], 89 [79]; GFEJ 55; RBA 373f; RBAF 11(327); HPS 368 (EB); WPR 344

(John 13:14f) GF6: I72; JN3: 725 (RR); EQ 340(BC)

(John 13:15) JN1: 12 (GF), 371, 372

(John 13:16) MFU 350

(John 13:17) IP3: 315, 534; RBA 195 , 214; RBAF 149, 162; EQ 330 (BC)

(John 13:20) JSS 18


(John 13:4-17)

[Other texts citing John 13:4-17: JN1:266 (Mat 20:27)]

RBA 392-4, RBAF 346-8 (1678, XIII.6): [Argues that foot-washing, John 13:4-17, has at least as much scriptural justification for being a sacrament as baptism or communion, and probably more.]

(John 13:8)

[Other texts citing John 13:8: GF8:155 (John 6:53)]

WDS 262 (1688): if thou wilt not have Christ to wash thee (some for shyness, and some for self- love will refuse this), if Christ does not wash thee, thou hast no part in him [John 13:8]; you must come to Christ, to purify you in the fiery furnace [Psa 12:6]: the day of the Lord shall burn as an oven [Mal 4:1]....

(John 13:14)

[Other texts citing John 13:14: RBA 373f (John 6:32-35), HPS 368 (Jas 5:14)

(John 13:14f)

GF7:78, GFEJ 55 (1654): Therefore, all dear friends and brethren, be servants to the truth, and do not strive for mastery, but serve one another in love [Gal 5:13]. Wash one another's feet, take Christ for your example [John 13:14f], that I may hear of no strife among you: but all walk in the truth, and in the love of it, up to God, for there ye are my joy and crown [Phil 4:1] in the Lord. Children would be striving; but that which would have the mastery, must die, and shall not enter into the kingdom of God. Therefore mind not high things, but fear, and condescend to men of low degree [Rom 11:20/Rom 12:16]; for the fear of the Lord keeps the heart clean, and the pure in heart see God [Mat 5:8].

(John 13:15)

JN1:12 (George Fox, 1653): Christ was our example in suffering and in holiness; and as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation; because it is written, "Be ye holy as I am holy [1 Pet 1:15f; Lev 11:44]." He is our example in humility: "I have given you an example," saith Christ, "that ye should do even as I have done unto you [John 13:15]"; and "as he is, so are we in this world [1 Jn 4:17]"; he is our forerunner [Heb 6:20], captain of our salvation [Heb 2:10], and in all things our example. "As they have done unto me, so shall they do unto you [cf John 15:20f]."

RBA 195 (1678, VII.8): If no man can be justified without faith , and no faith be living nor yet available to justification without works, then works are necessary to justification . [Cites Heb 12:14, Mat 7:21, John 13:17, 1 Cor 7:19, Rev 22:14]

(John 13:17)

IP3:314f (1674): Gospel obedience is exceeding necessary in and to the gospel state.... Mark: what a weight Christ layeth upon doing. "If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them [John 13:17]." Why then the disciple cannot come to happiness, but in the doing, in the obeying of the will of Christ, his Lord and Master. And "He that heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him to a wise man, that built his house upon a rock." But the believer, without doing the will, is the foolish builder, whose building will not stand [Mat 7:24-27].


13:21 When Jesus had thus said [G: said these things], he was troubled in [GT: +the] spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.

13:22 [T: +And] Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.

Now [BT: omit] there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples [one of the {B: Jesus’] disciples, which leaned (B: leaning) on Jesus’ bosom], [B: +even he] whom Jesus loved.

[John 13:23 cf John 21:20-24]

13:24 Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him [GBT: To him beckoned (G: +therefore) Simon Peter (B: +therefore) ], that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.

13:25 He then lying [GBT: as (B: when) he leaned] on Jesus' breast saith [GBT: said] unto him, Lord, who is it?

13:26 Jesus answered, He it [T: that] is, to whom I shall [BT: omit] give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he [GBT: wet a (B: the) sop, and] gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon [GBT: Simon’s son].      qtext

13:27 And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.

13:28 Now no man [G: But none of them that were; BT: That wist no man] at the table knew [BT: omit] for what intent [G: cause] he spake this [G: it; BT omit] unto him.

13:29 For [BT: omit] some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.

[John 13:29 cf John 12:6]

13:30 He then having [GBT: As soon then as he had] received the sop [GBT: +he] went immediately out: and it was night.

13:31 Therefore, [GT omit] when he was gone out, Jesus said, Now is the Son of man glorified, and God is glorified in [T: by] him.

13:32 If God be glorified in [T: by] him, God shall also glorify him in himself, and shall straightway glorify him.

13:33 Little [T: Dear] children, yet a little while I am [GBT: am I] with you. Ye shall seek me: and [G: but] as I said unto the Jews, Whither I go, [BT: +thither] ye cannot [GBT: can ye not] come; so now I say to you [GBT: also to you say I now].

13:34 A new commandment I give [GBT: give I] unto you, That ye love one another [BT: together]; as I have loved you, that ye also [BT: even so ye] love one another.      qtext

[John 13:34 cf John 15:12, 15:17; 1 Jn 3:23]

13:35 By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye [T: +shall] have love one to another.      qtext

13:36 Simon Peter said unto him, Lord, whither goest thou? Jesus answered him, Whither I go, thou canst not follow me now; but thou shalt follow me afterwards [G: afterward].

13:37 Peter said unto him, Lord, why cannot I [G: can I not] follow thee now? I will lay down [B: jeopard; T: give] my life for thy sake.

13:38 Jesus answered him, Wilt thou lay down [B: jeopard; T: give] thy life for my sake? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, The cock shall not crow, till thou hast [GBT: have] denied me thrice.


[John 13:23 cf John 21:20-24]

(John 13:26f) GF3: 558

[John 13:29 see John 12:6]

(John 13:31f) GF5: 149f

(John 13:34) GFJN 357, 460; GF3: 366; GF4: 279, 298f, 320, 364; GF5: 321; GF6: 273, 344; JN3: 257      [cf John 15:12, 17; 1 Jn 3:23]

(John 13:34f) GF4: 306, 331; GF5: 147; GF8: 230 [383]; MFU 210; EQ 344 (BC)

(John 13:35) GF7: 159 [171], 240 [226]; GF8: 266 [397]; IP1: 39; HPS 140, 148; 429 (EB), 531; DFR 29, 85, 88


(John 13:26f)

GF3:557f (1659): P. "And such you say that are wicked men, the sacrament is to them forbidden, and they are shut out of the congregation." A. .... did not Judas take the sop? [John 13:26f] ... You give your sacrament to the covetous and proud, to the lovers of gold [2 Tim 3:2/1 Tim 6:10?], and to them that are surfeited and drunk with the cares of this life, and such as are in superfluity [Luk 21:34], such you will give it to: and common outward drunkards you will keep it from: now are not all those forbidden, and out of the church of God?

(John 13:34)

[Other texts citing John 13:34: GFJN 460 (Mat 23:13-29) GF4:279 (Jas 1:19), GF4:319f (John 3:16), GF6:344 (Mat 13:38-42)]

(John 13:34f)

[Other texts citing John 13:34f: MFU 210 (John 5:24)]

(John 13:35)

GF7:159 (1659): And all Friends, dwell in love [1 Jn 4:16], for that is the mark of a disciple [John 13:35], and the fruits of faith and the spirit [Gal 5:22]; which love out of a pure heart is the end of the commandment [1 Tim 1:5] and fulfils the law [Rom 13:10], and in that is edification [1 Cor 8:1] and building, and the fruits of being passed from death to life [John 5:24]; there is love to God, brethren, and enemies, being in the seed that destroys death [1 Cor 15:26] and the power of it, the devil [Heb 2:14]....

IP1:39 (1658): [quotes John 13:35] And by this may all men know, that those that now go for Christians are not Christ's disciples, in that they do not love one another. They are not at unity in the light, and so cannot love one another there; but are only in unity in forms, in opinions, in professions, in practices; so any difference there stirs up the enmity, causing risings in the heart against them at least, if it proceed not further. The true love grows from true union and fellowship in the light; where that is not known, there cannot be true love in the spirit, but a feigned love in the flesh.

HPS 531 (Women's Yearly Meeting at York, 1688): And, dear friends, join not with any sort of people further than will stand with truth's honour, and reach God's witness in every conscience [1 Jn 5:9f], but as much as in you lieth live peaceably with all men [Rom 12:18], and do good unto all, especially unto the household of faith [Gal 6:10], and so daily fulfil the royal law of love [Jas 2:8], in shewing to all men that you are Christ's disciples, by loving him and one another [John 13:35].

DFR 29: I rejoiced to find that which I had been seeking; and soon owned [the Quakers] to be the Lord’s people; the true church of Christ; according to his own description of it; where he says, "By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye love one another [John 13:35]."

This page last revised Sept 2007