11:1 I say [G: demand] then, Hath God cast away his people? God forbid. For I also am an Israelite, of the seed of Abraham, of the tribe of Benjamin.

11:2 God hath not cast away his people which he foreknew [GBT: knew before]. Wot [G: Know] ye not what the scripture saith [T: +by the mouth] of Elias? how he maketh intercession to [G: communeth with] God against Israel, saying [B: to 11:3] ,

[Rom 11:2, cf Psa 94:14]

11:3 Lord, they have killed thy prophets, and digged down thine altars; and I am left alone [T: only], and they seek my life.

[Rom 11:3, cf 1 Ki 19:10 LXX]

11:4 But what saith the answer of God unto him? I have reserved to myself seven thousand men, who have not bowed the knee to the image of [GT: omit] Baal.      qtext

[Rom 11:4 cf 1 Ki 19:18]

11:5 Even so then at this present time also [BT: at this time] there is a remnant according to [T: left through] the election of grace.

11:6 And if by [GBT: it be of] grace, then is it no more [B: not now; T: not] of works: otherwise grace is [G: or else were grace; B: For the grace is; T: For then were grace] no more grace. But if it be of works, then is it no more grace: otherwise work is [G: else were work; B: For then work is; T: For then were deserving] no more work [T: no longer deserving].

11:7 What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for [GBT: sought]; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were [G: rest have been; B: remnant hath been; T: remnant are] blinded [G: hardened]      qtext

11:8 (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber [B: remorse; T: unquietness], eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear;) unto this day.      qtext

[Rom 11:8, cf Isa 29:10 G, Deu 29:4]


(Rom 11) LB (F18); IP3: 119

(Rom 11:2) GF3: 581

(Rom 11:3) IP1: 196

(Rom 11:4f) RBA 232; RBAF 174

(Rom 11:5) GF4: 71; GF6: 247

(Rom 11:5f) GF5: 395

(Rom 11:6) JN3: 17

(Rom 11:7) GF3: 365, 535

(Rom 11:8-11) GF4: 82

(Rom 11:8) GF4: 286; DGA 102; IP1: 412


(Rom 11:4f)

RBA 232, RBAF 174 (1678, X.2): There may be members therefore of this catholic Church both among Heathen, Turks, Jews, and all the several sorts of Christians, men and women of integrity and simplicity of heart.... And ... this Church, though still in being, hath been oftentimes as it were invisible, in that it hath not come under the observation of the men of this world, being, as saith the Scripture (Jer 3:14), "one of a city, and two of a family." And yet, though the Church thus considered may be ... hid from wicked men, as not then gathered into a visible fellowship, yea and not observed even by some that are members of it, yet may there be notwithstanding many belong to it; as when Elias complained he was left alone (1 Ki 19:18), God answered unto him, "I have reserved to myself seven thousand men who have not bowed their knees to the image of Baal," whence the apostle argues [Rom 11:4f] the being of a remnant in his day.

(Rom 11:7)

GF3:365 (1659): And it is not possible to deceive the elect [Mat 24:24], it is the world that is deceived; that which hath led captive shall go into captivity [Psa 68:18]. Eve, and the first Adam [1 Cor 15:45], may be brought into transgression; but Christ the second Adam, the seed in you all, you must know, which is that which bruiseth the serpent's head [Gen 3:15], and the ground of all deceiving. And so the elect may like under for a time, and suffer; but the election shall obtain [Rom 11:7], and not him that wills, nor him that runs [Rom 9:16], but come over to the crown of honour and glory [1 Pet 5:4].

(Rom 11:8)

IP1:412 (1660): But to come closer: come to Israel itself. That people, by all the wisdom it could gather from the law, by all the experiences it had had of God's power, by all the faith that was wrought in them upon deliverances, yet had not eyes to see, nor ears to hear, nor hearts to perceive [Deu 29:4, Rom 11:8]; but were a people that did always err in thir hearts, and did not understand the way of truth and peace [Psa 95:10 | Heb 3:10]. The prophets among them were still fools; yea, the spiritual man mad. Hos 9:7.


11:9 And David saith, Let their table be made a snare, and a trap [G: and a net; T: to take them withal], and a stumblingblock [B: stumbling stock; T: an occasion to fall], and a recompence [T: reward] unto them:      qtext

[Rom 11:9f cf Psa 69:22f LXX]

11:10 Let their eyes be darkened [BT: blinded], that they may not see [GBT: see not], and bow down their back alway [T: ever bow down their backs].

11:11 I say [G: demand] then, Have they [BT: +therefore] stumbled that they should fall [T: but fall only]? God forbid: but rather [GBT: omit] through their fall salvation is come [G: cometh; T: is happened] unto the Gentiles, for to provoke them to jealousy [G: to follow them; BT: withal].      qtext

11:12 Now [GT: Wherefore] if the fall of them be the riches of the world, and the diminishing [BT: minishing] of them the riches of the Gentiles; how much more their fulness [G: shall their abundance be; T: should it be so if they all believed]?      qtext

11:13 For I speak to you Gentiles, inasmuch as I am the apostle of the Gentiles, I [T: +will] magnify mine office:

11:14 [G: +To try] If by any means I may [GT: might] provoke to emulation [G: to follow them; BT omit] them which are my flesh, and might save some of them.

11:15 For if the casting away of them be the reconciling of the world, what shall the receiving of them be, but life from the dead [T: again from death]?      qtext


(Rom 11:9-13) GF4: 58

(Rom 11:9) GF3: 411; IP2: 259; IP3: 205 [cf Psa 69:22 LXX]

(Rom 11:9f) GF4: 291; GF5: 96

(Rom 11:11) GF2: 354

(Rom 11:11f) GF4: 72

(Rom 11:12) GF7: 152 [161]

(Rom 11:15) GF5: 420


(Rom 11:9)

GF3:411 (1659): Now the Pharisees had the scriptures, yet walked in darkness, had not David's lantern to their feet [Psa 119:105], and so could not see Christ as David did. Saith the apostle, their table was their trap [Rom 11:9], there they stuck. David that had the life that gave forth the scriptures, had the lantern to his feet; and had not they a lantern before the scripture was written? Abraham, Enoch, what led them all to give forth scripture? Are not all they that have the scripture and are out of that which they were in that gave them forth, out of the light, and out of the lantern?

IP2:259 (1661): And since the apostasy, of this latter age especially, I have clearly seen in the Spirit of the Lord, that the professors' knowledge of the letter of the gospel, and cleaving to their apprehensions which they gather therefrom, is become a snare and trap to them, to keep them from feeling the power, and living in the sensibility of the virtue of the grace; even as the Jews' table (or gathered knowledge from Moses and the prophets) became their snare and trap [Psa 69:22, Rom 11:9].

(Rom 11:11f)

GF4:72 (1656): And you which be strangers from the light, the covenant, having the first covenant, this you saw not, your eyes were blinded, who were from the life of the law and prophets, and this should provoke you to jealousy [Rom 11:11], they must come to life from the dead, before the riches of the world [Rom 11:12] be known, the covenant of light, the unchangeable, and the conversion, to the life of Moses and the prophets, and the Son of God, who of them is the end....

(Rom 11:12)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:12: GF7:152 (Rom 7:4)]

(Rom 11:15)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:15: GF5:420 (Rom 5:6)]


11:16 For if the firstfruit [T: one piece] be holy, the lump [T: heap] is also holy: and if the root be holy, so are the branches.      qtext

11:17 And if [GT: though] some of the branches be broken off, and thou, being a wild olive tree, wert [GB: wast; T: art] graffed in among [G: for] them, and with them partakest [GBT: made partaker] of the root and fatness of the olive tree;      qtext

11:18 Boast not [GBT: +thyself] against the branches. But if thou boast [GBT: +thyself], [T: +remember that] thou bearest not the root, but the root thee.

11:19 Thou wilt say then, The branches were broken off, that I might be graffed in.


(Rom 11:16-24) GF5: 394; DGA 200; IP2: 402; IP3: 38, 209, 433

(Rom 11:16-18) IP2: 447

(Rom 11:16) GF3: 237; GF7: 327 [262]; JN1: 16 (GF), 52; IP3: 216; IP4: 60, 247 ; EQ 255 (GF)

(Rom 11:16f) IP3: 84, 291f, 307, 368f; IP4: 165, 435

(Rom 11:17) GF7: 244 [230]; GF8: 37 [288], 55 [306], 141 [344], 157 [354], 166 [359], 171, 174 [360], 180 [361], 204 [372], 247 [391]; IP2: 126, 491; IP3: 13, 38, 43, 83f, 126f, 166, 190; IP4: 123, 432


(Rom 11:16-24)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:17-24: IP3:38 (John 15:1), IP3:208f (Rom 4:17)]

(Rom 11:16)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:16: IP3:216 (John 3:18)]

GF7:327 (1668): For this belief is greater than he that is of the world, which overcomes him that would defile; for this belief is Christ, which passes from death to life [1 Jn 3:14], it takes away the root of sin and iniquity, which is complained of in the scriptures, which they were born in, though they had the law which made nothing perfect [Heb 7:19], which took hold of their outward actions or branches; but this belief makes the root holy, and if the root be holy, the branches that spring from the root will be holy also [Rom 11:16].

JN1:52 (1653): Now all dear people judge yourselves, if you will but deal faithfully with yourselves there is that within you that will tell you where you are and from whether of these roots all your actions proceed: for if the root be holy the branches and fruit will be holy also [Rom 11:16]. And by the fruits you bring forth you may know the tree [Mat 7:16-20], whether you be of the first birth or you be born again; and unless you be born again you cannot enter into the kingdom of heaven [John 3:3].

(Rom 11:16f)

IP4:165 (1671): Query 6. Who are ingrafted into Christ [Rom 11:17]? Can any one be ingrafted into him, but as he is inwardly revealed and made known? Yea, is no t he in them who are ingrafted into him, and are not they in him [John 15:4f]? Is not he that is truly regenerated cut off from the old stock within, from the root of bitterness [Heb 12:15] within; and is not he implanted into the new stock within also; insomuch as he sensibly feeleth the pure, holy root of life bear him [Rom 11:16], and the sap thereof springing up in him, causing him to bring forth fruit to God in due season [Psa 1:3]?

(Rom 11:17)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:17: IP4:123 (Rev 2:17)]

GF8:180 (1679): And also true liberty is in the light, and grace, and the spirit which comes by Jesus, which by believing in the light, they are grafted into Christ [Rom 11:17], and so into true liberty and freedom, and so are entered into the rest, out of the toil of old Adam; for they are grafted into him, who was before old Adam.

IP2:491f (1667): And dear Friends, mind the principle, mind the root, into which the Lord hath ingrafted us [Rom 11:17]; that we may abide and grow up therein, and daily find and feel the sap thereof springing up in us, and quickening us more and more to God.


11:20 [T: +Thou sayest] Well; because of [G: through] unbelief they were [GT: are] broken off, and thou standest by [BT: steadfast in] faith. Be not highminded, but fear:      qtext

11:21 For if God spared not the natural branches, take heed lest [B: + it come to pass that; T: +haply] he also spare not thee.

11:22 Behold therefore the goodness [G: bountifulness (3x); BT: kindness (32x)] and severity [BT: rigorousness (2x)] of God: on them which fell [G: toward them which have fallen], severity; but toward thee, goodness, if thou continue in his goodness: otherwise [GBT: or else] thou also shalt be cut [BT: hewn] off.

11:23 And they also, if they abide not still in unbelief, shall be graffed in: for God is able [BT: of power] to graff them in again.      qtext

11:24 For if thou wert cut out of the olive tree which is wild by nature [BT: a natural wild olive tree], and wert graffed contrary to nature into a good [G: in a right; BT: in a true] olive tree: how much more shall these, which be the natural branches [G: they that are by nature; BT: the natural branches], be graffed into their own olive tree [T: +again]?      qtext


(Rom 11:20-24) HPS 373 (EB)

(Rom 11:20-22) IP1: 23; IP2: 8, 425, 434; IP3: 126

(Rom 11:20) GF3: 518; GF4: 286; GF7: 78 [64], 85 [75], 90 [79]; GF8: 61 [308], 265 [397]; MFU 261; IP1: 221f, 225, 292; IP3: 137; IP4: 81, 123; EQ 332 (BC), 397; WPR 610, WPT 274

(Rom 11:23) GF5: 361, GF6: 268

(Rom 11:23f) GF7: 215 [215], 244 [230]; GF8: 141 [344]; IP3: 83 [cf Luke 23:31, Psa 1:3, John 15:5]

(Rom 11:24) IP3: 117; RBA 233; RBAF 174f


(Rom 11:20)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:20: GF7:78 (John 13:14f), GF7:85f (Luk 2:14), IP1:225 (Rom 1:20f ), IP3:137 (2 Pet 2:1f)]

MFU 261 (1658): thou standest by faith, saith the Apostle, be not highminded but fear, and by faith ye stand [Rom 11:20], so in the faith continue firm and steadfast, and be not tossed to and fro [Eph 4:14], neither wandering, but in the unity of the faith of God's elect [Eph 4:13/Tit 1:1] all stand, and all wait, building up one another in your most holy faith [Jude 1:20], for the Lord preserveth the faithful [Psa 31:33], mine eyes shall be upon the faithful [Psa 101:6], saith the Lord.

(Rom 11:23)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:23: GF6:268 (Rom 8:1)

(Rom 11:23f)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:23f: GF8:141 (Luk 23:31)]

(Rom 11:24)

RBA 233, RBAF 174f (1678, X.4): To be a member then of the catholic Church, there is need of the inward calling of God by his Light in the heart, and a being leavened into the nature and spirit of it, so as to forsake unrighteousness and be turned to righteousness, and, in the inwardness of the mind, to be cut out of the wild olive tree of our own first fallen nature and ingrafted into Christ [Rom 11:24] by his Word and Spirit in the heart.


11:25 For I would not, brethren, that ye should be ignorant of this mystery [T: this secret should be hid from you], lest ye should be wise in your own conceits [G: arrogant in yourselves] ; that blindness in part [G: partly obstinacy; BT: partly blindness] is happened [G: come] to [BT: in] Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles be come in.      qtext

11:26 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer [BT: he that doth deliver], and shall turn away ungodliness from [T: the ungodliness of] Jacob:      qtext

[Rom 11:26, cf Isa 59:20]

11:27 For this is my covenant unto them, when I shall take away their sins.

[Rom 11:27, cf Jer 31:33f]

11:28 As concerning the gospel, they are enemies for your sakes: but as touching the election, they are beloved [BT: loved] for the fathers' sakes.

11:29 For [T: +verily] the gifts and calling of God are without repentance [T: such that it cannot repent him of them].


(Rom 11:25-27) GF4: 295

(Rom 11:25) JN1: 488

(Rom 11:26) GF6: 303, 350; GF8: 29 [279]; HPS 401 (EB)


(Rom 11:25)

JN1:488 (1655): ...you charge us, "with denying justification without us, and for witnessing justification by Christ alone in us," which we own, Christ in us, according to the measure made manifest: our sanctification, justification, redemption form sin, and the hope of glory [Col 1:27], and this we own within us, which is a mystery and hath been hid from ages [Col 1:26], and is no whid from you and the wisdom of the world, as you make it appear. And here he that sits in heaven may have you in derision [Psa 2:4], and you to be ignorant of the mystery [Rom 11:25], who have shown forth your folly.

(Rom 11:26)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:26: GF8:29 (Rom 8:34)]

GF6:303 (1685): And the apostle saith, "There shall come out of Sion a deliverer, and shall turn away ungodliness from Jacob [Rom 11:26, Isa 59:20]." This is not that outward hill Sion, that mountain at outward Jerusalem; for Christ was born in Bethlehem, some miles from Jerusalem. So this was heavenly Sion [Heb 12:22], in which Christ was laid, and the church of the Hebrews, in the new covenant and new testament, came unto.


11:30 For [G: +even; T+look] as ye in times [BT: time] past have not believed God, yet have now obtained mercy through their unbelief:

11:31 Even so have these also now not believed, that through your mercy [GB: by (B omits) the mercy shewed unto you, that; T: the mercy which is happened unto you that] they also may obtain mercy.

11:32 For God hath concluded them all [G: shut up all; BT: wrapped all nations] in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.      qtext

11:33 O the depth [GBT: deepness] of the riches both of the [T: abundant] wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are his judgments, and his ways past finding out!      qtext

11:34 For who hath known the mind of the Lord? or who hath been [GT: was] his counsellor?

[Rom 11:34, cf Isa 40:13 LXX]

11:35 Or who hath first given to him, and it shall be recompensed unto him [GB: and he shall be recompensed; T: that he might be recompensed] again?

[Rom 11:35, cf Job 41:11]

11:36 For of him, and through him, and to [GBT: for] him, are all things: to whom [GT: him] be glory for ever. Amen.      qtext


(Rom 11:32) GFJN 11; GF3: 528; GF5: 394; GF6: 471; GF8: 133 [342]; JN2: 266 (A); IP4: 340; HPS 362 (EB) [cf Gal 3:22]

(Rom 11:33) GF3: 39; JN2: 311; JN3: 594; IP2: 494; IP3: 22; IP4: 405; WPR 297; WPT 70; JWJM 98; SIW 145, 165

[Rom 11:34 see Isa 40:13, 1 Cor 2:16]

(Rom 11:36) GF5: 224


(Rom 11:32)

[Other texts citing Rom 11:32: GF5:394f (Rom 9:11- 13)]

GFJN 11 ([1647]): And when all my hopes in them and in all men were gone, so that I had nothing outwardly to help me, nor could tell what to do; then, Oh! then I heard a voice which said, "There is one, even Christ Jesus, that can speak to thy condition." When I heard it, my heart did leap for joy. Then the Lord let me see why there was none upon the earth that could speak to my condition, namely, that I might give him all the glory. For all are concluded under sin [Gal 3:22], and shut up in unbelief [Rom 11:32], as I had been, that Jesus Christ might have pre-eminence [Col 1:18], who enlightens [John 1:9], and gives grace, faith, and power. Thus when God doth work, who shall let it? [Isa 43:13] This I knew experimentally.

IP3:340 (167-?) How may the ground that is bad be made good? [Mat 13:8,23] .... Ans. God hath shut up all men in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all [Rom 11:32]. The heart that is now soft, was once hard. The heart that is now believing, was once in the unbelief. The heart that now loves God, was once in the enmity. The plow of God, put into the thorny ground [Mat 13:7,22], tearing it up, and rooting out the thorns thereof, will change its nature, and make it become better.

(Rom 11:33)

GF3:39 (1659): P. He saith, "The whole mind and will of Christ and God is left them in letters." A. The apostle saith, it is past finding out; the unsearchable wisdom [Rom 11:33], and the secret things belong unto God [Deu 29:29], and are revealed by the spirit [Eph 3:5], and no man knows them but by the spirit.

JN2:311 (1655): Friend, is this the end of thy long profession and all thy knowledge of the living God and his unsearchable ways [Rom 11:33]: that it's become a strange thing to thee, and not to be believed, that he should send out his message in word or writing, without personal knowledge of information of men? Is this the living God who fills heaven and earth [Jer 23:24] with his presence, whom thou would limit [Psa 78:41] in his sons and and daughters? Or wilt thou instruct him [1 Cor 2:16], or teach him a way to send his will to his creatures?

IP2:494 (1667): Oh! the treasures of wisdom and knowledge, the riches of love, mercy, life, power, and grace of our God [Rom 11:33], which are treasured up for the soul in the Lord Jesus; and are freely dispensed and given out by him, to them that come unto him, wait upon him, abide in him [John 15:4, 1 Jn 2:27f], and give up faithfully to the law of his life; whose delight is to be found in subjection and obedience [1 Sam 15:22] to the light and requirings of his Spirit.

JWJM 98 (Philadelphia Yearly Meeting epistle, 1759): The empires and kingdoms of the earth are subject to his almighty power; he is the God of the spirits of all flesh [Num 16:22], and deals with his people agreeable to that wisdom the depth whereof is to us unsearchable [Rom 11:33].

SIW 145f (Ann Crowley, 18–): Truly "the judgments of the Lord are unsearchable, and his ways past finding out [Rom 11:33];" but his ways are perfect [2 Sam 22:31]: and, thence we are instructed, that we have nothing to depend on, but His boundless mercy in Christ Jesus, our consolation and only hope of glory [Col 1:27].

(Rom 11:36)

GF5:224 (1676): And the apostle saith, "but he that understandeth according to sobriety, as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith [Rom 12:3G];" ... so he is the dealer; for it is his gift; for faith is the gift of God [Eph 2:8], which Christ is the author of, and not man, by which every man should walk, by that faith which God hath dealt to him by Christ Jesus, the author and finisher [Heb 12:2]. "For of him (to wit, God,) and through him, and for him are all things: to him be glory for ever, amen." [Rom 11:36]


12:1 I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies [BT: mercifulness] of God, that ye present [GB: give up; T: make] your bodies a living [GT: quick] sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is your reasonable service [GT: serving of God].      qtext

12:2 And be not conformed to [GBT: fashion not yoursleves like unto] this world: but be ye transformed [G: changed; BT: changed in your shape] by the renewing of your mind [T: wits], that ye may prove what is [G: prove what; T: feel what thing] that good, and acceptable, and perfect, will of God [GT: +is].      qtext


(Rom 12:1) GF2: 317; GF7: 66 [49]; GF8: 161 [355]; MFU 21; JN1: 263f (WD); IP3: 254, 511; IP4: 87; IPL 58; WPT 302

(Rom 12:1f) GF5: 96

(Rom 12:2) GF4: 46; GF6: 92, 99, 175; GF7: 71 [56]; MFU 191; JN1: 151; 218 (GF), 494; JN2: 220, 584, 589; JN3: 61, 81, 92, 99, 114, 136, 321, 522, 755; IP2: 176, 329; IP3: 75, 457, 484, 487, 505; IP4: 236; RBA 191, 444; RBAF 145, 403; EQ 110 (JN); WPR 50, 137; WPT 319; JWJM 139, 164, 175 [cf Eph 4:23, 1 Th 5:21]

(Rom 12:2f) DGA 77


(Rom 12:1)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:1: MFU 21 (Mat 22:32)]

GF7:65f (1653): Ye children of the light, seek to turn many to the light, and to wisdom's gate [Prov 1:20f] bring them, that ye may all come to be door-keepers in the house of the Lord [Psa 84:10], and see what must be kept out of his house, and what to receive into the house; and own no sacrifice but that which is from the living, which is accepted of the Lord [Rom 12:1?].

IP3:511 (1675): For prayer is the breath of life, an effect of God's spiritual breathing, which no man can perform aright without the Spirit's breathing upon him. Therefore the Spirit is to be waited upon, for his breathings and holy fire, that the sacrifice may be living, and acceptable to the living God [Rom 12:1].

(Rom 12:2)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:2: GF6:99 (John 17:14), IP2:328f (Mat 3:12), IP3:75 (Mat 23:26), IP3:457 (Mat 16:4), RBA 191 (Rom 5:10), RBA 444 (Gen 19:1), EQ 110 (Heb 13:8), WPR 137 (John 16:33)]

MFU 191 (1656): ...the Light is the condemnation of the world, and bears witness against the world that the deeds thereof are evil [John 3:19]. And this redeems from under the world's ways and customs: and the Apostle's doctrine is to the saints, be not conformable to the world but be ye transformed and renewed in your minds [Rom 12:2]. And this is that which we own, & this will carry us above and through all suffering.

JN2:220 (1655) .... your fellowship is with the form, but not in the power [2 Tim 3:5]; with men, but not with God; and so your times are in your own hands [cf Psa 31:15]; and you have resolved them beforehand; and you have a time to pray, and a time to play [cf Eccl 3:1-8]; a time to abstain from your lusts, and a time to fulfill your lusts [Rom 13:14]; a day to abstain from the world, and days to conform to the world [Rom 12:2]....

JN3:81f (1656): And all that know this perfect will and acceptable work of God [Rom 12:2] knows it begotten and brought forth in self-denial in all things [Mat 16:24]; and not of us, but of him that is perfect, and so makes our way perfect [Psa 18:32].

JWJM 164 (1772): in the cabin I observed some superfluity of workmanship of several sorts .... the sum of money to be paid for a passage in that apartment hath some relation to the expense in furnishing the room to please the minds of such who give way to a conformity to this world [Rom 12:2]...


12:3 For I say, through the grace given unto me, to every man that is among you, not to think of himself more highly than he ought to think [G: that no man presume to understand above that which is meet to understand; BT: that no man esteem himself more than he ought (T: it becometh him) to esteem]; but to think soberly [G: that he understand according to sobriety; B: so esteem himself that he behave himself discreetly; T: that he discreetly judge of himself], according as God hath dealt to every man the measure of faith.      qtext

12:4 For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same [GBT: one] office:      qtext

12:5 So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one [T: man (among ourselves)] members one of another [GT: one another’s members].      qtext

12:6 Having then [GBT: Seeing (G: +then) that we have] gifts differing [G: gifts that are diverse; BT: divers gifts] according to the grace that is given to us, whether [G: + we have; BT: if any man have the gift of)] prophecy , let us prophesy [B: either prophesy; T: let him have it] according to the proportion of [G: according to the portion of; B: after the measure of; T: that it be agreeing unto the] faith;      qtext

12:7 Or ministry, let us wait on our ministering [G: Or an office, let us wait on the office; B: Either office in administration; T: Let him that hath an office wait on his office]: or he that teacheth, on teaching [T: Let him that teacheth take heed to his doctrine];

12:8 Or he [T: Let him] that exhorteth, on exhortation [B: in exhorting; T: give attendance to his exhortation]: he that giveth [G: he that distributeth; T: If any man give], let him do it with [B: in] simplicity [BT: singleness] ; he [T: let him] that ruleth, with [B: in (2x); T: do it with (2x)] diligence; he that sheweth mercy [B: he that is merciful; T: if any man shew mercy let him do it], with cheerfulness.      qtext


(Rom 12:3-8) GF8: 68 [313]; GFEJ 310; DGA 169

(Rom 12:3-6) GF6: 393

(Rom 12:3) GF4: 287; GF5: 224, 246; GF6: 345; JN3: 725 (RR); IP1: 316; IP2: 430; IP4: 333; WTG 226 (EH) [cf Eph 4:7]

(Rom 12:4) GF8: 141 [344], 174 [360]

(Rom 12:4f) GF5: 295; HPS 460 (MF)

(Rom 12:5-8) GF2: 260

(Rom 12:5) GF4: 162; GF7: 264 [239] [cf Eph 4:25]

(Rom 12:6-8) GF6: 425f; RBA 70, 271; RBAF 53, 211

(Rom 12:6) GF4: 281, 287; GF5: 241; IP1: 316, 385

(Rom 12:8) GF8: 118 [321]; MFU 39


(Rom 12:3)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:3: GF5:224 (Rom 11:36), WTG 226 (Rom 12:10)]

IP1:316 (1659): a Christian's life is in the spirit: "If we live in the spirit, let us also walk in the spirit." Gal 5:25. The whole life and course of a Christian is in the volume of the book [Psa 40:7f], as the Lord opens the leaves of it in him. "The gift of God, the measure of faith" given him by God [Rom 12:3, Eph 2:8], that is his rule; that is his rule of knowledge, of prophesying [Rom 12:6], of obedience [Rom 1:5]. If he keep there, if he walk according to the proportion of it, he errs not....

(Rom 12:4)

GF8:141 (1677): Now every one of these living believers are members of the living church in God, which Christ is the head of [Eph 5:23], and every member in the church hath an office [Rom 12:4]; and so every member is serviceable in the body in his office, in the light, which is over darkness, and was before it was; and in the life which is over death, and was before it was; and in the power of God, which was before the power of the serpent was. And so they are in this light, life, and power to execute their offices....

(Rom 12:5)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:5: GF4:162 (Jas 2:15f)]

(Rom 12:6-8)

RBA 70, RBAF 53 (1678, III.3): And what master is so sottish and careless, as, having many servants, leaves them in such disorder as not to assign each his particular station, and not only the general term of doing that which is profitable? Which would leave them in various doubts, and no doubt land in confusion. Shall we then dare to ascribe unto Christ, in the ordering of his church and servants, that which in man might justly be accounted disorder and confusion? The apostle showeth this distinction well: [quotes Rom 12:6-8a] Now what Scripture rule showeth me that I ought to exhort, rather than prophesy? Or minister, rather than teach? Surely none at all. Many more difficulties of this kind occur in the life of a Christian.

(Rom 12:6)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:6: IP1:316 (Rom 12:3), IP1:385 (Rom 14:10)]

GF4:281f (1661): If people be forced and driven contrary to their own consciences, gift and proportion of faith [Rom 12:6], to make shipwreck of both [1 Tim 1:19], they go out of the bounds of humanity ... into unreasonableness, and setting the whole course of nature on fire [Jas 3:6], where all the members are unruly and out of order, from the tongue [cf Jas 3:8], hand, lip, to the foot; and it is said, the unreasonable man hath not faith..., and what is not of faith is sin [Rom 14:23]; therefore to keep people in the reasonableness, is to let them have their faith, and not act contrary to it, nor contrary to a good conscience, that keeps them both in reasonableness, and nature in its course, and their members in order.

(Rom 12:8)

MFU 39f (1653): John Sawrey said that he was confident there was a company of simple hearts that were driving on a design for the devil. Psa 19:17: The testimony of the Lord is sure, waking wise the simple. Psa 116: 6: The Lord preserveth the simple. Psa 119:130 [Text: 119:30]: The entrance of thy words gives light, it gives understanding to the simple. Prov 1:4 [Text: 4:1] He gives subtlety to the simple. Prov 8:5: And ye simple ones, understand wisdom. Prov 9:4: Wisdom saith: who is simple, let him turn in hither. Rom 16:19: The apostle exhorts to be wise unto that which is good and simple concerning evil. Rom 12:8: He that giveth, let him do it with simplicity. 2 Cor 1:12: For our rejoicing is in this, the testimony of our conscience, that in simplicity & godly sincerity, not with fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of the Lord, we have had our conversation in the world.


12:9 Let love be [G: Love] without dissimulation. Abhor that which is evil; cleave to that which is good [G: hating evil, cleaving to good].      qtext

12:10 Be kindly affectioned [G: Be affectioned to love; T: be kind] one to another [G: one another] with brotherly love; in [GBT: +giving] honour preferring one [GBT: go one before] another;      qtext

12:11 Not slothful in business [G: Not slothful to do service; B: Not lither (lethargic?) in business; T: Let not that business which ye have in hand be tedious to you]; fervent in [T: be fervent in the] spirit; serving the Lord [T: Apply yourselves to the time];      qtext

12:12 Rejoicing [T: Rejoice] in hope; [T: +be] patient in tribulation [B: trouble]; continuing instant [G: continuing; B: instant; T: continue] in prayer;

12:13 Distributing [T: Distribute] to the necessity [G: necessities] of [GT: +the] saints; given to hospitality [G: giving yourselves to hospitality; T: and diligently to harbour].


(Rom 12:9-12) GF2: 260

(Rom 12:9) GF5: 369; GF6: 150; JN3: 76; HPS 526

(Rom 12:10) GF8: 63 [311], 191 [364], 229 [383], 265 [397]; GFEJ 440; WTG 48 (SM), 148, 226 (EH) [cf Phil 2:3, 1 Th 4:9, Heb 13:1; may be confl w Rom 10:16]

(Rom 12:11) JN1: 311; JWJM 177

(Rom 12:12) JN3: 17; WPR 640

(Rom 12:13) GF8: 117 [321]; GFEJ 340


(Rom 12:9)

JN3:76 (1656): the love of the devil may be won with the serving of him, and by flattering him in his ways, in them in whom he is; but what is it worth? So may one have the love of all the world, and their friendship, but woe to that friendship which is got by sparing God's enemies, that is enmity against God. Therefore, says God, "let love be without dissimulation; abhor that which is evil, cleave to that which good [Rom 12:9]"; and that love is it which uncovers sin, which condemns sin to death, and covers it with righteousness [cf Isa 61:10]. Otherwise (saith the Scriptures) "he that covereth sin shall not prosper [Prov 28:13]."

HPS 526 (London Women's Meeting, 1685): we are come to our light, spirit, grace, and anointing within [1 Jn 2:27], which is our own, which at first convinced us, and which doth teach us to be doers of the Word of God [Jas 1:22], and to live righteously [Tit 2:12], and to practice the true religion; and them that do not, the spirit of the Lord moveth us, and teacheth us to admonish and exhort them to forsake the evil, and cleave to the good [Rom 12:9]....

(Rom 12:10)

GF8:191 (1680): And be kind and courteous one towards another, all studying to be quiet [1 Th 1:11], and to excel one another in virtue, and purity, and holiness, and righteousness, and godliness, in all your words, and lives, and conversations; so that you may all walk as become saints and christians, every one esteeming and preferring one another above yourselves [Phil 2:3/Rom 12:10] in the truth, in meekness, and lowliness of mind, and humility; for he that inhabits eternity, dwells with an humble heart [Isa 57:15].

WTG 226 (Elizabeth Hudson, 1750): Perhaps that natural partiality with which we view ourselves and what we do, may place our performances in a fairer light than they will bear, and this may cast such a shade over others that it will be no hard matter for us to give self the preference, which if once concluded on as due will be looked for from others. This sort of sentiment if indulged in will introduce into the mind a long train of unprofitable suggestions which will disqualify us for the ministry of the word which teaches that each should prefer an other to himself [Rom 12:10/Phil 2:3] and that none should think more highly of himself than he ought [Rom 12:3].

(Rom 12:11)

JWJM 177 (1772): In this love we can say that Jesus is the Lord, and the reformation in our souls, manifested in a full reformation in our lives, wherein all things are new and all things are of God [2 Cor 5:17f]—in this the desire of gain is subjected. And employment is honestly followed in the light of Truth, and people become diligent in business, "fervent in spirit serving the Lord" [Rom 12:11]—here the name is opened. "This is the name by which he shall be called: The Lord our Righteousness [Jer 23:6]."


12:14 Bless them which persecute you: bless, and [G: I say, and; T: but] curse not.      qtext

12:15 Rejoice [T: Be merry] with them that do rejoice [G: rejoice; T: are merry] , and weep with them that weep.

12:16 Be [B: Being] of the same mind [GBT: like affection] one toward another. Mind not high things [GBT: Be (B: being) not highminded], but condescend to men of low estate [GBT: make (B: making) yourselves equal to them of the lower sort]. Be not wise in your own conceits [G: yourselves; BT: your own opinions].      qtext

12:17 Recompense [B: Recompensing] to no man evil for evil. Provide [G: Procure; BT: Provide (B: Providing) aforehand] things honest [B: +not only before God, but also] in the sight of all men.      qtext

12:18 If it be possible, as much as lieth in you [G: as much as in you is; T: howbeit of your part], live peaceably [GT: have peace] with all men.      qtext


(Rom 12:14) GF3: 102, 513f; GF4: 271; GF5: 196, 226; GF6: 258; GF7: 246 [232], 297 [249]; GF8: 169 [359]; GFEJ 376; GF6: 66, 310

(Rom 12:15f) GF5: 304

(Rom 12:16) GF7: 78 [64], 90 [79]; GF8: 48 [300], 61 [308], 140 [344], 229 [383], 232 [384], 266 [397]; GFEJ 440; DGA 141; EQ 538 (BR)

(Rom 12:17f) RBAF 428

(Rom 12:17) EQ 344 (BC); WPR 423

(Rom 12:18) GF2: 261; HPS 531


(Rom 12:14)

GF6:258 (1684): But all you that curse people, and not only so, but spoil their goods, because they will not be of your way, worship, and religion; and are not your curses as the wandering bird? And so your curses do not come upon them [Prov 26:2], but upon yourselves; for Christ saith, "Bless, and curse not [Rom 12:14]," and they that curse, are wandered from his way and doctrine. And doth not Solomon tell you, your wandering desires are vanity, and vexation of spirit [Eccl 6:9]?

(Rom 12:16)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:16: GF7:78 (John 13:14f), GF8:232 (Rom 14:13)]

GF8:61 (1674): my travels have been great, in hungers and colds.... And the prisons have been made my home a great part of my time, and in danger of my life, and in jeopardy daily. And amongst you I have made myself of no reputation [Phil 2:7], to keep the truth up in reputation, as you all very well know it, that be in the fear of God. With the low, I made myself low; and with the weak and feeble, I was as one with them, and condescended to all conditions [Rom 12:16], for the Lord had fitted me so before he sent me forth; and so I passed through great sufferings in my body, as you have been sensible.

(Rom 12:17)

WPR 423 (1670): Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves but rather give place unto Wrath [Rom 12:19] (much less should any be wrath that are called Christians where no occasion is given); therefore if thine enemy hunger feed him, and if he thirst, give him drink [Rom 12:20]; recomense no man evil for evil [Rom 12:17].

(Rom 12:18)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:18: HPS 531 (John 13:35)]


12:19 Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath [T: give room unto the wrath of God] : for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay [T: reward], saith the Lord.      qtext

[Rom 12:19 cf Deu 32:25G]

12:20 Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head.      qtext

[Rom 12:20, cf Prov 25:21f LXX]

12:21 Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good [GT: goodness].      qtext


(Rom 12:19-21) RBA 470

(Rom 12:19) GFJN 415; GF3: 516; GF4: 336, 341; GF5:117, 130 ; GF6: 480; GF8: 191 [364]; MFS 51; MFU 15, 296f, 320; JN3: 726 (RR); TEM 115, 177; EQ 403

(Rom 12:19f) WPR 423, 640

(Rom 12:20) GF3: 170; GF4: 315; GF7: 216 [215]; GF8: 200 [370]; JN3: 737 (GF); IP4: 428; EQ 107 (JN); WPR 94 [cf Prov 25:21f]

(Rom 12:20f) GF3: 157, 522; GF4: 234; GF7: 216 [215]; HPS 180

(Rom 12:21) GF2: 260; GF3: 516; GF4: 223, 241; GF6: 273; GF7: 216 [215]; GF8: 200 [370], 234 [386], 250 [392], 255 [396], 270 [398]; GFEJ 434, 443; MFU 296; EQ 107, 110 (JN); IP2: 387


(Rom 12:19)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:19: GF4:341 (Heb 12:14), GF5:130 (Rev 6:9-11), GF8:191 (Rom 15:1), MFU 297 (Gen 9:6), EQ 403 (Luk 23:34)]

JN3:726 (Robert Rich, 1656/7): ...is it to be seen throughout the Scriptures, that any magistrate had power from God to punish any for sin only against him till such time as the mind and will of the Lord be first known, and a command given; and is it not written, "Vengeance is mine, and I will repay it" (Rom 12:19)?

(Rom 12:19f)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:19f: WPR 423 (Rom 12:17)]

(Rom 12:20)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:20: IP4:428 (Mat 5:44)]

GF4:315 (1662): From a friend of your everlasting souls, and ever was one that never turned his back nor cheek from your smiting, nor his hair away from your plucking it off [Isa 50:6], who have plucked and struck till you have tumbled yourselves into the ditch [Psa 7:15], for we thrust you not in; and if you have not enough, our backs are ready still, and we have yet a cow, a little corn, and can give bread and drink to our enemies [Rom 12:20], if they want it; and also we have a pot, and platter, and a horse, and credit, who were so vilified by you, which you in your day thought to have taken all away.

(Rom 12:20f)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:20f: GF7:216 (Rev 17:14)]

(Rom 12:21)

[Other texts citing Rom 12:21: MFU 296 (Rom 13:10)]

GF8:255 (1684): And now, dear friends, I desire, however, that you walk wisely, and gently, and lovingly, and meekly, and soberly to all the magistrates, and all people, that they may have no just occasion in any thing against you [1 Tim 5:14]. For the good must overcome the bad, as the apostle says, ''Overcome evil with good [Rom 12:21],'' and dwell in that love [1 Jn 4:16] that can bear all things, and endure all things [1 Cor 13:7]. And nothing can separate you from this love which you have in God through Jesus Christ [Rom 8: 38f].

IP2:387 (1663): How many weaknesses doth the Lord pass by in us! ... "The spirit" saith he "is willing, but the flesh is weak [Mat 26:41]." When they had been all scattered from him upon his death, he did not afterwards upbraid them; but sweetly gathered them again. O dear friends! Have we received the same life of sweetness? Let us bring forth the same sweet fruits, being ready to excuse, and to receive what may tend towards the excuse of another in any doubtful case; and where there is any evil manifest, wait, oh wait, to overcome it with good [Rom 12:21]! Oh! let us not spend the strength of our spirits in crying out of one another because of evil; but watch and wait where the mercy and the healing virtue will please to arise.

This page added Nov 2007